Biological Research Needs: Efforts should be made to determine the volume of plant material that is currently being traded or explanted. This could provide an indirect indication of the impact of the plant trade and of hobby gardening by orchid enthusiasts on this species. It is also necessary to determine the threats posed by collection for the medicinal trade versus the horticultural trade or personal collection for gardens.
The confusion over the nomenclature, taxonomy, range, and habitats of Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens needs to be resolved before a solid conservation assessment can be developed. Also, research into its sensitivity to deer over-browse, and its ability to recolonize areas of forest regrowth or once-disturbed soils would shed much light onto its longer-term prospects.