Habitat Type: Terrestrial
Comments: Breeding habitat includes various open, shrubby deciduous and mixed woodlands, chaparral, riparian thickets, and aspen groves (especially in Rocky Mountains region) (AOU 1998). Specific vegetation composition varies widely depending on location. Habitats during migration and winter include various wooded habitat edges, especially those with dense undergrowth (AOU 1998). Nests are on the ground or in bushes, up to about 0.6 meters above ground (Harrison 1978).