Inhabits steep outer reef slopes, channel slopes, and on lagoon reefs from 2 to at least 60 m (Ref. 1602). Usually solitary but may occur in pairs (Ref. 1602). Juveniles are encountered in coral-rich areas of lagoon reefs, where staghorn @Acropora@ corals abound (Ref. 1602). Primary food are molluscs, fishes, sea urchins, crustaceans, and other invertebrates. One of the few predators of toxic animals such as sea hares, boxfishes and crown- of- thorns starfish (Ref. 1602).
- Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp. http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=5909
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