Threats in Europe
This species is threatened both by intensification and abandonment of semi-natural grasslands, its main habitat. Furthermore, especially for the westernmost parts, climate change is considered as one of the most important reasons for the decline, but it cannot fully explain the situation over this scale. It is certain that in some cases land-use changes even under Agri-Environmental Schemes have led to drastic declines. In general, loss of habitat and habitat connectivity, unfavourable grassland management (wrong timing or intensity) and climate change (less continental climate) must be considered. At this moment abandonment and intensification of grazing and burning are probably the largest threats to the populations in Eastern Europe.
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