Based on different molecular markers, AFLP, SSR, and RAPD molecular markers, We distinguish within Mediterranean cedars, two groups: the first one is made of Cedrus atlantica, while the second one is made of Cedrus libani and Cedrus brevifolia, these latter two species being genetically similar despite important divergence previously observed for morphological and physiological traits.
C. deodara, the Himalayan cedar constitutes a separate gene pool from the Mediterranean cedars. The
large genetic distances observed between C. deodara and Mediterranean cedars reflect the high geographical distance between these two regions and an ancient divergence between these taxa.
- Bou Dagher-Kharrat M., Grenier G., Bariteau M., Brown S., Siljak-Yakovlev S. et Savouré A., 2001. Karyotype analysis reveals interspecific differentiation in the Cedrus genus despite genome size and base composition constancy. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 2001- 103: 846-854.
- Fady B., Lefèvre F., Reynaud M., Vendramin G.G., Bou-Dagher-Kharrat M., Andizei M., Pastorelli R., Savouré A., Bariteau, M., gene flow among different taxonomùic units: evidence from nuclear and cytoplasmic markers in Cedrus plantation forests. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 2003- 107:1132-1138.
- Bou Dagher-Kharrat M., Mariette S., Fady B., Lefevre F., Grenier G., Plomion C. et Savouré A., Geographical diversity and genetic relationships among Cedrus species assayed by AFLP. 2007. Tree Genetics & Genomes 3: 275-285
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