The Epicopeiidae comprise about 25 species in nine genera (Minet and Scoble 1999). They are found only in the Palearctic and Oriental parts of Asia. The adults are relatively large and colorful moths which are all day-flying, although some may also come to U.V. lights at night (Minet 2002). They rest with the wings spread out and appressed to the substrate. Many appear to mimic other day-flying Lepidoptera. Some species with tailed wings, such as Epicopeia hainesii, resemble swallowtail butterflies. The larvae, still poorly known, appear to be external leaf feeders on woody angiosperms in several distantly related families. They produce waxy secretions which are incorporated into the cocoon and may also coat the pupa (Jaros and Spitzer 1999; Holloway et al. 2001). Pupation occurs in soil or leaf litter. Some excellent images of live epicopeiid adults and larvae can be found at jpmoth.org.
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