The superfamily Cimelioidea (formerly Axioidea) consists of the single family Cimeliidae (formerly Axiidae), which contains six species (Yen and Minet 2007) placed in two genera, Axia (five species) and Epicimelia (one species). Their distribution is circum-Mediterranean, including southern Europe, the Middle East and northern Africa. Monophyly for this family is supported by possession on the seventh abdominal segment of the adult of a unique pair of pocket-like organs, of unknown fuction, associated with the spiracles. The moths are medium-sized and generally bearing bright colors including gold, hence the common name 'gold moths.' Excellent images of live adult Axia margarita can be found at Moths and Butterflies of Europe and North Africa. The early stages of several species have been studied; all known larvae feed on Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae).
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