Common offshore (Ref. 2850). Viviparous, with planktonic larvae and pelagic juveniles (Ref. 36715). Trawled on soft bottom and when caught scales usually rub off, leaving white pockets bordered by red; also caught in sablefish traps (Ref. 2850).
- Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann 1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=2850&speccode=2592