Nests of paper wasps are made of paper-like material, created from wood and hardening saliva.
"Three animals, for instance, have independently invented the making of paper. Paper wasps use small particles of wood gnawed off from trees and wood posts as their raw material, and they mix these fibres with their hardening saliva." (Pallasmaa 1995:20)
Learn more about this functional adaptation.
- Pallasmaa, J. 1995. Animal architecture. Helsinki: Museum of Finnish Architecture. 126 p.
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