The thermostabile TAR-1 strain of Bacillus bacteria breaks down certain components of plant cell walls without breaking down cellulose via xylanase enzymes.
"Since the demonstration that alkali-treated wood pulp could be biologically bleached by xylanases instead of by the usual environmentally damaging chemical process involving chlorine, the search for thermostable alkaline xylanases has been extensive…xylanases [from an alkaliphilic and thermophilic Bacillus strain, TAR-1] did not act on cellulose, indicating a possible application of the enzyme in biological debleaching processes." (Horikoshi 1999:745)
Learn more about this functional adaptation.
- Horikoshi, Koki. 1999. Alkaliphiles: Some Applications of Their Products for Biotechnology. Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev. 63(4): 735-750.
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