Junipers are found across most of the UK and are one of our three native conifers, the other two being Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris
) and yew (Taxus baccata
). However, it is extremely irregular in its distribution. The subspecies Juniperus communis communis
is found in two main populations, one in the Scottish Highlands and the other on the southern English chalk. It is also abundant on parts of the Chilterns, the North Downs and especially Salisbury Plain. Juniperus communis nana
is chiefly restricted to north-west Scotland's mountainous regions. Elsewhere, juniper is a widespread tree, found across both temperate and sub-arctic zones.