Description of Acinonyx jubatus
Acinonyx jubatus is the cheetah, ia large-sized cat that inhabits most of Africa and parts of the Middle East. It is one of three cats with non-retractable claws and so cannot climb vertical trees. The cheetah is the fastest land animal achieving between 112 and 120 km/h in short bursts covering distances up to 500 m (1,600 ft), and has the ability to accelerate from 0 to over 100 km/h (62 mph) in three seconds - about the same as a Maclaren F1 (and similar supercars). The coarse, short tan fur with round black spots affords some camouflage while hunting. The cheetah has a small head with high-set eyes. An adult cheetah weighs from 35 to 72 kg.Head-and-body length is about 110 to 150 cm. Males are slightly larger than females. There are several subspecies, one (ex) subspecies is the distinctively marked king cheetah that is very rare in the wild but has been bred in captivity. Cheetahs have been domesticated and used for hunting. group of dogs. The cheetah can purr as it inhales, but cannot roar. The cheetah is considered by some to be the smallest of the big cats. While it is often mistaken for the leopard, but the cheetah has tear-streak lines that run from the corners of its eyes to its mouth, and spots that are not rosettes. The cheetah is a vulnerable species. It adapts poorly to new environments. It is difficult to breed in captivity. Once widely hunted for its fur, the cheetah now suffers more from the loss of both habitat and prey. There are several geographically isolated populations in Africa or southwestern Asia. A small population survives in the Khorasan Province of Iran, and there have been unconfirmed reports of Asiatic Cheetahs in the Balochistan province of Pakistan. The cheetah thrives best in vast expanses of land where prey is abundant. Open habitats include semidesert, prairie, and thick brush.
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