Body. Body shape not depressed. Dorsum of body sculpturing without callosities. Body size smaller than 14 mm or larger than 14 mm.
Head. Head shape not inflated or modified. Ocellus present. Frons shape, superior portion concave. Frontal scar absent. Clypeus profile continuing profile of frons.
Thorax. Pronotum width smaller than transocular width. Pronotum, posterior portion produced dorsally in two lateral horns. Pronotum length not attaining mesonotal suture. Pronotum lateral margins parallel. Pronotum sculpturing with punctures or fovea. Proepimeron as tall as wide. Proepimeron, posterior margin without projection. Metepimeron exposure concealed. Metepimeron aspect without projection.
Wings. Forewing development macropterous. Forewing texture opaque or coriaceous. Corium supranumerary veins restricted to apical costal transverse veins. Clavus supranumerary veins absent. Forewing number of anteapical cells three. Forewing claval veins parallel. Forewing coloration variable. Forewing costal sclerotized reddish triangle absent. Hindwing vein R2+3 present.
Legs. Foretibia extremely flattened and expanded into round structure. Hindfemur apical setal formula 2:0:0. Hindfemur length in rest position apex not reaching proepimeron.
Abdomen. Abdomen aspect unmodified.
Male Genitalia. Pygofer base of dorsal margin continuous. Pygofer setation mostly macrosetae. Pygofer processes absent. Conjunctiva IX-X membranous. Subgenital plates length almost or attaining pygofer apex. Subgenital plates fused only basally. Subgenital plates inner margin straight. Subgenital plates apex without processes. Connective, anterior arms approximated anteriorly. Aedeagal preatrium short. Aedeagus apical lateral flanges absent. Aedeagus apical processes single bifurcate or pair of elongate apical processes. Paraphyses absent.
Marco Gaiani left a note on the Peltocheirus page: 'In the description of Peltocheirus the last setence of the first paragraph says: "Body size smaller than 14 mm or larger than 14 mm." that pretty much includes all organisms, size range should be unambiguous.' Can this be fixed at the source and reharvested?