Forms schools. Mainly diurnal (Ref. 9096). Occurs in the rapids but is also captured in deep zones of main rivers with the use of fish bait. Is essentially a carnivore, feeds on small fish, crabs, mammals, lizards and coleopteran insects. Its opportunistic behavior allows it to adapt to various biotopes (Ref. 12225). It is timid and not aggressive but it possesses powerful dentition that can cause serious bites, and is therefore, potentially dangerous.
- Goulding, M. 1980 The fishes and the forest: explorations in Amazonian natural history. University of California Press, Berkeley. 280 p. (Ref. 9096) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=9096&speccode=27668