NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure
Reasons: Widespread, abundant tree species of the eastern and midwestern United States, often becoming the dominant or co-dominant tree in the forest canopy over large areas, particularly in the Appalachians and the Midwest.
Environmental Specificity: Broad. Generalist or community with all key requirements common.
Comments: Relatively broad habitat amplitude (although doing best on mesic but not hydric soils), in a wide climatic range over a host of bedrock types, including glaciated areas.