Global Range: Native to European waters of the Atlantic Ocean north to the White Sea, and alos known from the Adriatic Sea and Black Sea; common in the Baltic Sea and in the southern and eastern coastal North Sea (Wheeler 1969, Emery and Teleki 1978). Has been captured in commercial nets in Lake Erie on several occasions and at leats once in Lake Superior (Emery and Teleki 1978; D. Sutherland, pers. comm., 1998). May not become established in the Great Lakes because the species evidently cannot reproduce in freshwater (Emery and Teleki 1978).
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