Non-Migrant: Yes. At least some populations of this species do not make significant seasonal migrations. Juvenile dispersal is not considered a migration.
Locally Migrant: Yes. At least some populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.
Apparently year-round resident in some portions of its range (Florida, U.S. Pacific coast, Caribbean Islands, and South American populations), but migratory elsewhere. Texas and Louisiana birds migrate southward in fall (Hancock and Kushlan 1984, Paul 1991). Migrants arrive in Costa Rica generally in November, depart by end of March (Stiles and Skutch 1989). Individuals banded in Texas have been recovered as far south as El Salvador and Guatemala (Paul 1991).