Non-Migrant: Yes. At least some populations of this species do not make significant seasonal migrations. Juvenile dispersal is not considered a migration.
Locally Migrant: Yes. At least some populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).
Locally Migrant: Yes. At least some populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.
Northern populations are migratory; move north mostly in April-May, south August-November. In the western U.S., not all birds migrate. Some birds in the southern U.S. probably are sedentary or nearly so. In the north, apparently migrates by day. In Costa Rica, migrates mostly along the Caribbean coast, September-October and April-May (Stiles and Skutch 1989).
May nest a kilometer away from a foraging area.