Global Range: (>2,500,000 square km (greater than 1,000,000 square miles)) BREEDS: southwestern British Columbia, southern Utah, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Michigan, southern Quebec, and New Brunswick south through the eastern U.S., West Indies and Middle America to eastern Panama, islands off the northern coast of Venezuela, and Tobago (AOU 1983, 1993). WINTERS: western Washington (rarely), coastal and southeastern California, southern Arizona, southern Texas, southern Louisiana, northern Florida, and South Carolina south throughout breeding range to northern Colombia and northern Venezuela (AOU 1983, 1993). In the U.S., the highest winter densities occur in Florida and in the San Joaquin Valley of California, especially between Fresno and Bakersfield (Root 1988). Wanders outside usual range (AOU 1983). Rare visitor to Hawaii.