Non-Migrant: Yes. At least some populations of this species do not make significant seasonal migrations. Juvenile dispersal is not considered a migration.
Locally Migrant: Yes. At least some populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.
In some populations, individuals may migrate up to several km (up to 11 km or more in Wyoming) between winter den and summer range (Duvall et al. 1985, 1990). In Utah, Hirth et al. (1969) found that some individuals move in summer up to about 1.5 km from the winter den.
Exhibits fidelity to winter den site.
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