Global Protection: Many to very many (13 to >40) occurrences appropriately protected and managed
Comments: Species has had almost complete protection since 1937; but needs more protected habitat. NMFS (Federal Register, 3 June 1994, p. 28793) designated Critical Habitat as follows: portions of Cape Cod Bay and Stellwagen Bank, and Great South Channel (off coast of Massachusetts) and waters adjacent to the coast of Georgia and the east coast of Florida.
Needs: Continue to protect from hunting; protect habitat; promote and enforce regulations that reduce collisions with vessels. See recovery plan (1990).