Global Range: (20,000-2,500,000 square km (about 8000-1,000,000 square miles)) Remnant populations occur in the North Atlantic (mainly Florida and Gulf of Mexico to Labrador). Very rare in the eastern North Atlantic (fewer than 10 reliable sightings within the past 50 years, but including a female and calf were observed off Portugal in 1995 (Martin and Walker 1997). North Atlantic high-use areas include coastal Florida and Georgia (winter calving); Great South Channel east of Cape Cod, Massachusetts (spring feeding); Massachusetts Bay and Cape Cod Bay (winter-spring feeding); Bay of Fundy (summer and fall feeding and nursery area); and Browns and Baccaro banks south of Nova Scotia (Roseway Basin, summer and fall feeding) (Right Whale Recovery Team 1990, Malik et al. 1999). See Right Whale Recovery Team (1990) and IUCN (1991) for further details. The Bay of Fundy is the important nursery area, but at least one other nursery area (as yet unidentified) must exist (Schaeff et al. 1993, Malik et al. 1999).