Global Short Term Trend: Increasing (increase of >10%)
Comments: Nearly hunted to extinction; population has increased from no more than 100 in late 1800s to 80,000 in 1984 and 127,000 in 1991 (Stewart and Huber 1993). In 1991, more than 21,000 pups were born at California rookeries, about 85% of them on San Nicolas and San Miguel islands (Reeves et al. 1992). In the mid-1990s, the California population was increasing and the Mexican population was apparently stable or decreasing (NMFS, Federal Register, 15 March 1996). See Cooper and Stewart (1983), Bodkin et al. (1985), and Stewart and Huber (1993) for discussion of increase.