Strongly polygynous. Reproduction is weakly seasonal. Births in spring and summer with peak in early summer in Alaska (late May in Prince William Sound); peak December-March (generally late winter) in California. Implantation delayed, gestation about 8-9 months in Alaska, about 4-6 months in California. Young dependent on mother for about 6-7 months in California, 76-333 days (average 170) in Prince William Sound, Alaska. In California, adult females generally give birth to 1 pup every year; females in some areas of Alaska give birth every other year. In California, females sexually mature usually in 3-5 years. In Alaska, 30% of females were sexually mature at age 2, 100% by age 5; annual reproductive rates increased from 22% at age 2 to 78% at age 5 and remained relatively stable (75-88%) through age 15 (Bodkin et al. 1993). Commonly lives 10-15 years; maximum known ages are 23 years for females and 18 years for males.