Restoration Potential: Recovery potential is high if environmental conditions are favorable. In Alaska, otters at the leading edge of an expanding population in an area with abundant food resources and protected water exhibited high adult survival rate, high reproductive rate, and high preweaning survival (Monson and DeGange 1995). Human harvest was the primary source of known mortality of adults.
Management Requirements: See the 1996 Endangered Species Update 13(12) for 20 articles dealing with sea otter conservation and management.
Brody et al. (1996) reviewed the EXXON VALDEZ oil spill and concluded that efforts to rehabilitate otters should be discontinued 20-30 days after a spill.
Draft revised recovery plan for California populations was available in February 2000 (contact U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ventura, California).