Global Protection: Many to very many (13 to >40) occurrences appropriately protected and managed
Comments: Many nesting beaches worldwide are designated for protection, although poaching occurs. Listed threatened by USFWS (F.R. 07-28-78). Required TED use (see "GPROTNEED") in some areas (southeastern United States). See NMFS (2001, Federal Register 66:50148-50159) or Jenkins (2002) for a review of proposed new TED regulations.
Needs: Restrict human presence on and degradation of nesting beaches and adjacent land and water. Use of TEDs (turtle excluder devices) needs to be mandatory on shrimping vessels from all countries. Beachfront lighting should be banned or converted to turtle-insensitive wavelengths. Take immediate steps to reduce global warming and sea level rise.
See "Recovery plan for U.S. Pacific populations of the loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta)" (draft document was available from National Marine Fisheries Service, Silver Spring, Maryland, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Portland, Oregon, in 1995).
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