Stewardship Overview: Found nowhere else in the United States except extreme south Florida and the Florida Keys where they breed in coastal mangrove forests and islets. Birds depend on mangrove forests for nesting and roosting habitat and inland tropical hardwood hammocks for the fruiting trees and plants that are its main food source. The persistence of this species is threatened by loss of both habitat types due to development, dredging, and other habitat alteration. In Florida, most nesting habitat is protected by the Everglades National Park, but several remaining large patches of hammock forest, especially on the upper mainline keys, remain unprotected, and are important to the persistence of the White-crowned Pigeon in Florida. Elsewhere in its range, habitat destruction and degradation as well as hunting pressure continue to threaten its persistence.
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