Habitat Type: Marine
Comments: Ranges from turbid coastal waters along shore to deeper waters of upper continental and insular slopes; usually found close to the bottom near shore, often in very shallow water (< 4 m) (Castro 1983). Common in neritic waters off northeastern Florida at 5-12 m depth. Nursery grounds are littoral, temperate waters, but do not include embayments or low salinity areas; young are exposed to predation by adult sharks of these areas (Gilmore et al. 1983). Common in temperate and tropical seas on or near coral and rocky reefs (Michael 1993). Often found amid large schools of smaller baitfish (which it occasionally eats).