Normal life span 5-6 years (Simpson and Wallace 1982). Predation by Caspian terns and double-crested cormorants causes significant mortality of juvenile steelhead in the Columbia River estuary (Ryan et al. 2003). Aggressively defends feeding territories in streams. Has caused contraction of range of native brook trout in southern Appalachian Mountains region (Larson and Moore 1985).
No one has provided updates yet.