Males: average 5 ft 5 in (164 cm); Females: average 5 ft 1 in (155 cm)
Males: average 143 lbs (65 kg); Females: average 119 lbs (54 kg)
Height & Weight Supplemental Information:
While the tall, lean bodies of earlier human species like Homo erectus were adapted to tropical temperatures, the short, stocky bodies of Neanderthals were adapted to winter climates. With thick, short lower arm and leg bones making up a very strong and compact body, Neanderthals were more heavily built than modern humans and were more efficient at conserving body heat, allowing them to withstand living in cold climates during ice ages.
Neanderthal males were slightly taller and heavier than Neandertal females; however, sexual dimorphism was not nearly as extreme as what is seen in earlier human species.
- Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, Human Origins Program: http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-neanderthalensis
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