Although C. formosanus was first described in Formosa, Taiwan in the early 1900s, this species is probably endemic to southern China. The Formosan subterranean termite invaded the continental United States in the 1960s, having been transported to South Africa about a decade earlier. Coptotermes formosanus is limited to warm and humid climates, and is restricted to ten of the most southern continental states in the US and to Hawaii, where it is a economically important insect pest. Control and repair of damage done by C. formosanus in New Orleans, which has been heavily infested, is estimated at an annual total of $300 million. In Hawaii, homes built over an established colony can be destroyed in just two years unless the home is protected. Traditional control methods usually involve infusing chemical termicides into the ground to create a barrier between the colony and the endangered structure. Depending on the type, termicides either repel the termites or kill them on contact. Another approach is to use baited traps around the surface of a structure. Termites then take the bait, which is laced with a pesticide that the termite transports back to other members of the colony.
(Su and Scheffrahn, 2010; Wikipedia 2011; Yates 1992)
- Su, N-Y and Scheffrahn, R.H. 2010. Formosan subterranean termite. University of Florida. Featured Creatures. Publication Number: EENY-121. Retrieved October 4, 2011 from http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/urban/termites/formosan_termite.htm">http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/urban/termites/formosan_termite.htm">http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/urban/termites/formosan_termite.htm
- Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 1 October, 2011. "Formosan subterranean termite". Retrieved October 4, 2011 from ">http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Formosan_subterranean_termite&oldid=435581377"> http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Formosan_subterranean_termite&oldid=435581377
- Yates, J.R. III, 1992. Formosan Subterranean termite. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa. Retrieved October 4, 2011 from http://www.extento.hawaii.edu/kbase/crop/type/c_formos.htm">http://www.extento.hawaii.edu/kbase/crop/type/c_formos.htm">http://www.extento.hawaii.edu/kbase/crop/type/c_formos.htm
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