英名: Garganey Family: Anatidae
(雁鴨科), Length: 40cm. 俗名巡鳧，分布於西伯利亞、蒙古、歐洲、非洲、埃及、伊拉克、伊朗、印度以至中南半島、日本、菲律賓及印度尼西亞、澳大利亞及非洲南部、中國、台灣島等地，一般生活於平原地帶的池塘、沼澤以及河流。常成群活動，善於飛行，飛行時頸腳伸直；常棲息於湖泊草澤河口草原與農耕地帶，大多築巢於地面，亦有築巢於樹洞中，雛鳥為早熟性。 The Garganey, Anas querquedula
, is a small dabbling duck. It breeds in much of Europe and western Asia, but is strictly migratory, with the entire population moving to southern Africa and Australasia in winter, where large flocks can occur. This species was first described by Linnaeus in 1758 under its current scientific name. Like other small ducks such as the Common Teal, this species rises easily from the water with a fast twisting wader-like flight. Their breeding habitat is grassland adjacent to shallow marshes and steppe lakes.