The hornfaced bee, also known as the orchard bee (Osmia cornifrons) is named for the prominent horn-like prongs located on the lower part of its face. The hornfaced bee is brownish-colored with light stripes on the abdomen. Males are smaller than females and have long antennae.
These bees are native to Japan, but were introduced to the United States in the 1970's. Populations are now established on the east coast and in the mid-west. These bees nest in hollow reeds or grasses.
- Basic Biology and Management of the Japanese Hornfaced Bee (Mid-Atlantic Apicultural Research and Extension Consortium)
- Management of Hornfaced Bees for Orchard Pollination (Suzanne W. T. Batra, PollinatorParadise.com, March 1997)
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