<p>The most dangerous predator to blue-spotted stingrays are human beings. Blue-spotted stingrays are a popular ray to have in aquarium tanks. However, <span class="taxon"><em>Taeniura lymma</em></span> is very hard to take care of in an at-home aquarium. Besides humans, the only other type of predator known to this species of stingrays is the <span class="taxon"><em>Sphyrna mokarran</em></span>. The hammerhead shark uses the cartilaginous projections form the side of their heads to pin them down to the bottom of the substrate while taking bites from the stingray's disc. The hammerhead is able to avoid being stung by the poisonous spines on the rays tail by pinning the stingray down.<span> (Taylor, 1997)</span></p>
- Taylor, M. 1997. Sharks & Rays. Sydney, AU: Time-Life Books.