Reproduction for S. barracuda occurs sexually through external fertilization. Sexual maturity is reached between the second and third year for males, and the third to fourth year for females. Barracudas do not exhibit sexual dimorphism, and sex can only be determined upon examination of the gonads. Adults spawn between April and October in southern Florida (de Sylva 1963), releasing eggs and sperm into the water column. Literature detailing spawning behavior in the great barracuda is lacking. However, in similar species, females may spawn several times in one season, releasing over 500,000 eggs each time (de Sylva 1963).
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- Grubich JR, Rice AN & MW Westneat. 2008. Functional morphology of bite mechanics in the great barracuda (Sphyraena barracuda). Zoology 111: 16-29.
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- Kupschus, S & D Tremain. 2001. Associations between fish assemblages and environmental factors in nearshore habitats of a subtropical estuary. J. Fish. Bio. 58: 1383-1403.
- Porter HT and PJ Motta. 2004. A comparison of strike and prey capture kinematics of three species of piscivorous fishes: Florida gar (Lepisosteus platyrhincus), redfin needlefish (Strongylura notata), and great barracuda (Sphyraena barracuda). Mar. Biol. 145: 989-1000.
- Russell, BC. 2002. Sphyraenidae. pp. 1807-1811. In: The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Volume 3: Bony fishes part 2 (Opistognathidae to Molidae), sea turtles and marine mammals. Carpenter KE (ed.). FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes and American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists special publication no. 5. FAO, Rome. pp. 1375-2127.
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