Menippe mercenaria, a member of the family Xanthidae, is the largest xanthid species in its region (Williams 1984). The Florida stone crab has a large crusher claw with an enlarged basal tooth. The smaller pincer claw has many small teeth that can be used for cutting (Simonson 1985). The adults appear dark brownish-red in color or less mottled with dusky grey spots. The walking legs are reddish with yellow bands. Juvenile appear dark purplish-blue and have a white spot on the carpus when they are very young (Williams 1984).
- Brown SD and TM Bert. 1993. The effects of temperature and salinity on molting and survival of Menippe adina and Menippe mercenaria (Crustacea, Decapoda) postsettlement juveniles. Marine Ecology Progress Series 99:41-49.
- Cheug TS. 1969. The environmental and hormonal control of growth and reproduction in the adult female stone crab,Menippe mercenaria (Say). Biological Bulletin 136:327-346.
- Hughes ARR and JH Grabowski. 2006. Habitat context influences predator interference interactions and the strength of resource partitioning. Oecologia 149: 256-264.
- Lindberg WJ, Frazer TK, and GR Stanton. 1990. Population effects of refuge dispersion for adult stone crabs (Xanthid, Menippe). Marine Ecology Progress Series 66:239-249.
- Mootz CA and CE Epifanio. 1974. An energy budget forMenippe mercenaria larvae fed Artemia nauplii. Biological Bulletin 146:44-55.
- Ong K-S and JD Costlow. 1970. The effect of salinity and temperature on the larval development of the stone crab,Menippe mercenaria (Say), reared in the laboratory. Chesapeake Science 11:16-29.
- Porter HJ. 1960. Zoeal stages of the stone crab, Menippe mercenaria Say. Chesapeake Science 1:168-177.
- Simonson JL. 1985. Reversal of handedness, growth, and claw stridulatory patterns in the stone crab Menippe mercenaria (Say) (Crustacea: Xanthidae). Journal of Crusteacean Biology 5:281-293.
- Sullivan JR. 1979. The stone crab, Mennipe mercenaria, in the southwest Florida fishery. Florida Marine Research Publications, Number 36. Florida Department of Natural Resources. pgs. 1-23
- Wilber DH. 1989. Reproductive biology and distribution of stone crabs (Xanthidae, Menippe) in the hybrid zone on the northeastern Gulf of Mexico. Marine Ecology Progress Series 52:235-244.
- Williams AB. 1984. Shrimps, Lobsters, and Crabs of the Atlantic Coast of the Eastern United States, Maine to Florida. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D. C. pg. 420-424.
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