Mangroves form intertidal forests in which red mangrove prop roots, black mangrove pneumatophores, and their associated peat banks serve as the dominant intertidal substrata for other members of the mangrove community. All three species are commonly found in association with one another. However, segregation of the species does occur, with red mangroves typically occupying the lowest intertidal position. Black and white mangroves occur at slightly higher tidal elevations. White mangroves can be distinguished from the other species by leaf shape, the presence of extra-floral nectaries and the lack of either pneumatophores or prop roots that occur in black and red mangroves, respectively. In addition to other mangrove species, the buttonwood, Conocarpus erecta, can be found in the landward edge of L. racemosa stands. Several species of flora and fauna, including epiphytic plants, insects, birds, reptiles and mammals occur in and around white mangroves.
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