Geukensia demissa is a member of the family Mytilidae. The surface of the shell is grooved or ribbed and oval in shape. The ribbed mussel has a narrow blunt pointed head that is attached to submerged substrata. Shells are usually glossy appearing olive-brown to brown-black with some yellow to a white on the outside and white on the interior with purplish tints.
- American Museum of Natural History, Bivalves- Research, Training, and Electronic Dissemination of Data. Available online.
- Borrero FJ. 1987. Tidal height and gametogenesis: reproductive variation among populations of Geukensia demissa. Biological Bulletin 173:160-168.
- Brousseau DJ. 1984. Age and growth rate determinations for the atlantic ribbed mussel, Geukensia demissa Dillwyn (Bivalvia: Mytilidae). Estuaries and Coasts 7:233-241
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- Franz DR. 2001. Recruitment, survivorship, and age structure of a New York ribbed mussel population (Geukensia demissa) in relation to shore level - a nine year study. Estuaries 24:319-327.
- ITIS Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Available online.
- Jost J and B Helmuth. 2007. Morphological and Ecological Determinants of Body Temperature of Geukensia demissa, the Atlantic Ribbed Mussel, and Their Effects On Mussel Mortality. Biological Bulletin 213:141-151.
- Kreeger DA, Newell RIE, and CJ Langdon. 1990. Effect of tidal exposure on utilization of dietary lignocellulose by the ribbed mussel Geukensia demissa (Dillwyn) (Mollusca:Bivalvia). Journal Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 144:85-100.
- Newell SY and C Krambeck. 1995. Responses of bacterioplankton to tidal inundations of a saltmarsh in a flume and adjacent mussel enclosures. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 190:79-95.
- Riisgard HU. 1988. Efficiency of particle retention and filtration rate in 6 species of Northeast American bivalves. Marine Ecology Progress Series 45:217-223.
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