Pygmy Hippopotamuses are strictly herbivorous. They feed on a wide variety of plant foods including herbs, broad-leaved plants, grasses, semi-aquatic plants, herbaceous shoots, forbs, sedges, ferns, and fallen fruit.
The Pygmy Hippopotamus is generally solitary, scent marking with feces to alert intruders to its presence. Mothers leave their newborn calves alone while searching for food, returning about three times a day for suckling. Calves are ready to forage with their mother at about three months of age.
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