Paralarvae have not been positively identified to species. Paralarvae, however, are easily recognized as being histioteuthids by the long arms, in combination with the very large arm suckers relative to the very small tentacular club suckers. The abrupt transition from the paralarval to the juvenile stage in histioteuthids involves pronounced morphological changes. This makes paralarval identification difficult unless intermediates in the changeover period can be found.
Figure. Ventral and dorsal views of paralarvae of two sizes of two species of histioteuthids. A, B - Probably growth stages of Stigmatoteuthis. hoylei, based on relative abundance. A1, A2 - 2.0 mm ML, B1, B2 - 2.9 mm ML. C, D - Probably growth stages of either H. oceani or H. cerasina, the other two common Hawaiian histioteuthids. C1, C2 - 1.8 mm ML, D1, D2 - 3.6 mm ML. All were taken off Hawaii. Original drawings by R. young. The bar is 1 mm.
At or near sexual maturity many species of histioteuthids exhibit morphological change often involving the addition of photophores and in at least one case (H. reversa) a change in body proportions.
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