Data Glossary

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A

  • Above ground dwelling
    An organism that spends most of its time above ground.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/aboveGroundDwelling
  • Absent
    A quality denoting the lack of an entity.
    from Phenotype and Trait Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000462
  • Abyssal zone (4000-6000m)
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/DZ_ABY
  • Accessory feeding structures
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/STRUCT_ACC
  • Acicular (needle-like)
    Slender and pointed, needle-like
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/acicular
  • Acid glade
    A gap or clearing in a forest with acidic soil.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/acidGlade
  • Acidic
    An medium acidity quality inhering in a solution by virtue of the bearer's a high concentration of H+ ions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001429
  • Acidic freshwater mining lake
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/acidicFreshwaterMiningLake
  • Acre
    A unit of area in British Imperial system named also the international acre. It is equal to 4046.8564224 square meters, or 10 square chains, or 160 square rods, 43560 square feet, or 4840 square yards.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C68867
  • Active growth period
    The growing season of a plant. The time of year when a plant has its most active growth.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ActiveGrowthPeriod
  • Actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly AET (Actual Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Evapotranspiration&oldid=575637212
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AETinRange
  • Adapted to coarse textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a coarse textured surface layer. Includes: Sand, Coarse sand, Fine sand, Loamy coarse sand, Loamy fine sand, Loamy very fine sand, Very fine sand, Loamy sand.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html The soil texture classes are from the Soil Science Society of America, http://www.soils.org/. An NRCS team partitioned the soil textures into the three groups, coarse, medium, fine.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coarseSoilYes
  • Adapted to fine textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a fine textured surface layer. Includes: Sandy clay, Silty clay, Clay.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html The soil texture classes are from the Soil Science Society of America, http://www.soils.org/. An NRCS team partitioned the soil textures into the three groups, coarse, medium, fine.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fineSoilYes
  • Adapted to medium textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a medium textured surface layer. Includes: Silt, Sandy clay loam, Very fine sandy loam, Silty clay loam, Silt loam, Loam, Fine sandy loam, Sandy loam, Coarse sandy loam.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html The soil texture classes are from the Soil Science Society of America, http://www.soils.org/. An NRCS team partitioned the soil textures into the three groups, coarse, medium, fine.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumSoilYes
  • Adolescent
    A maturity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being between the onset of puberty and maturity.
    [database_cross_reference: WordNet:WordNet]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001189
  • Adult
    A maturity quality inhering in an individual by virtue of the individual having attained sexual maturity and full growth
    http://www.ebi.ac.uk/efo/EFO_0001272
  • Adults migrate
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/MIGR_YES
  • Aerobic
    A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's dependence on oxygen.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001455
  • Affects breeding of
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/affects_breeding_of
  • After harvest regrowth rate
    Indicates the relative rate of regrowth of a herbaceous plant after a harvest of above ground herbage.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AfterHarvestRegrowthRate
  • Age at eye opening
    Age at which both eyes are fully open after birth.
    Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648. http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AgeAtEyeOpening
  • Age at first birth
    Age at which females give birth to their first litter, or their young attach to teats or hatch out
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AgeAtFirstBirth
  • Age at first reproduction
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/MAT
  • Age at maturity
    Age at the first successful reproduction.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AgeAtMaturity
  • Age at maturity of resprouts
    Age of resprouts at first successful reproduction (in years), i.e., when most of the resprouting plants produce the first seed crop.
    BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories (MatResp), http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AgeAtMaturityResprouts
  • Air-dry seed pods
    Air-dry seed pods (may require collecting early and caging to catch fluffy seed or exploding seed pods)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractAirDry
  • Alaska (AK)
    The U.S. state of Alaska. One of the 10 regional U.S. Army Corps of Engineers wetland delineation regions for the U.S. and its territories used by the National Wetland Plant List.
    Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241. http://rsgisias.crrel.usace.army.mil/NWPL/static/cfg/doc/pdl_2013_pub/National/NWPL_Phytoneuron_2013.pdf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_alaska
  • Algae
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/HAB_ALG
  • Algae
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SOC_ALG
  • Alkaline
    An medium acidity quality inhering in a solution by virtue of the bearer's a low concentration of H+ ions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001430
  • Allelopathic effect
    This is an assay of any direct or indirect, harmful or beneficial effect of one plant on another through the production of chemical compounds (allelochemicals) that escape in the environment.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000624
  • Allolectotype
    A paralectotype specimen that is the opposite sex of the lectotype. The term is not regulated by the ICZN. [Zoo.]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Allolectotype
  • Alloneotype
    A paraneotype specimen that is the opposite sex of the neotype. The term is not regulated by the ICZN. [Zoo.]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Alloneotype
  • Allotype
    A paratype specimen designated from the type series by the original author that is the opposite sex of the holotype. The term is not regulated by the ICZN. [Zoo.]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Allotype
  • Alluvial plain
    A relatively flat and gently sloping landform found at the base of a range of hills or mountains, formed by the deposition of alluvial soil over a long period of time by one or more streams coming from the mountains.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000258
  • Alpine freshwater impoundment
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/alpineFreshwaterImpoundment
  • Alpine freshwater pond
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/alpineFreshwaterPond
  • Alpine freshwater stream
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/alpineFreshwaterStream
  • Alpine pastureland freshwater pond
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/alpinePasturelandFreshwaterPond
  • Altricial
    Parent(s) provide food and thermoregulation (e.g., passerines).
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/altricial
  • Ambush
    An organism which obtains food primarily by ambush predation.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ambush
  • Anaerobic
    A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's independence on oxygen.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001456
  • Anaerobic soil tolerance
    The relative tolerance of the plant to anaerobic soil conditions.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AnaerobicSoilTolerance
  • Anal fin elements
    Number of elements or segments in the anal fin.
    http://www.coralreeffish.com/gobiidae.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NumberOfAnalFinElements
  • Anemochory
    Seed dispersal by wind (with wind dispersal adaptations, such as pappus or wings).
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/anemochory
  • Animal population density
    Number of animals in a population relative to space.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2383-1863
  • Annual
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span ends within one year after germination, e.g. a winter annual germinating in the autumn and flowering in the spring (esp. in Mediterranean climates), approximately synonymous to therophyte, c.f. biennial, ephemeral, perennial, c.f. also of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic.
    Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012. Glossary: http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossarya_h.html#annual
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/annual
  • Annually / seasonally
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Seasonal_breeding
  • Anterior
    The opposite of posterior
    Spatial Reference Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BSPO_0000055
  • Apatite
    Calcium carbonate (CO3Ca), apatite structure
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_52254
  • Appendages
    appendages differ between males and females. Includes the number, size and shape of locomotory and sensory appendages such as antennae, legs, wings, and fins, as well as non-genital appendages modified to act as intromittent organs. Tail dimorphisms are not included.
    Fairbairn DJ (2013) Data from: Odd couples: extraordinary differences between the sexes in the animal kingdom. Dryad Digital Repository. doi:10.5061/dryad.n48cm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/appendagesDimorphic
  • April
    The fourth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106183
  • Aquatic habitat
    A habitat that is in or on water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000144
  • Aragonite
    Calcium carbonate (CO3Ca), aragonite structure
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_52239
  • Arborescent
    Of habit, resembling a tree, a term applied to non-woody plants attaining tree height and to shrubs tending to become tree-like in size
    Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012. http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossarya_h.html#C
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/arborescent
  • Arctoboreal
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/arctoboreal
  • Areas with native and introduced infra-taxa
    Lists jurisdictions in which some infra-taxa of a given organism are members of the undisturbed fauna or flora while others have been introduced recently.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NativeIntroducedRange
  • Areas with native and probably introduced infra-taxa
    Lists jurisdictions in which some infra-taxa of a given organism are members of the undisturbed fauna or flora while others have probably been introduced recently.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NativeProbablyIntroducedRange
  • Arid West (AW)
    The U.S. Arid West. One of the 10 regional U.S. Army Corps of Engineers wetland delineation regions for the U.S. and its territories used by the National Wetland Plant List.
    Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241. http://rsgisias.crrel.usace.army.mil/NWPL/static/cfg/doc/pdl_2013_pub/National/NWPL_Phytoneuron_2013.pdf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_aridwest
  • Artificial
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SUBST_ART
  • Artificial freshwater pond
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/artificialFreshwaterPond
  • Asexual reproduction
    Some members of this lineage are capable of asexual reproduction; offspring arise from a single organism, and inherit the genes of that parent only.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asexual_reproduction
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Asexual
  • Asymmetric
    A symmetry quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's lacking symmetry.
    from Phenotype and Trait Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000616
  • At least short-persistent
    Of seed bank longevity. Seed bank longevity is > 1 and at least <= 5 yr (could be longer but it is unknown).
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/atLeastShortPersistentSeedBank
  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain (AGCP)
    The U.S. Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain. One of the 10 regional U.S. Army Corps of Engineers wetland delineation regions for the U.S. and its territories used by the National Wetland Plant List.
    Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241. http://rsgisias.crrel.usace.army.mil/NWPL/static/cfg/doc/pdl_2013_pub/National/NWPL_Phytoneuron_2013.pdf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_atlanticandgulfcoastalplain
  • Attached
    This organism is normally physically attached to the substrate upon which it lives
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Attached
  • August
    The eighth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106187
  • Autochory
    Seed dispersal by gravity, without the assistance of any dispersal vector (= unassisted dispersal).
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/autochory
  • Autumn
    The season between the autumnal equinox and the winter solstice.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94733
  • Autumn, winter and spring
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/autumnWinterAndSpring
  • Average
    A measure of central tendency. A sometimes vague term. It usually denotes the arithmetic mean, but it can also denote the median, the mode, the geometric mean, and weighted means, among other things.
    http://www.stat.berkeley.edu/~stark/SticiGui/Text/gloss.htm#a
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/average

B

  • Bag method
    Seeds easily fall when shaken or stripped into an open bag.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractBag
  • Ballistichory
    Dehiscence of fruit occurs as an explosion, launching seeds far away from the plant (= ballochory).
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ballistichory
  • Basal metabolic rate
    Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of energy expended daily by humans and other animals at rest. Rest is defined as existing in a neutrally temperate environment while in the post-absorptive state.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Basal_metabolic_rate&oldid=581343469
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/165109007
  • Base age
    In forestry, the base age, is the reference age for determining a key productivity metric, the site index. The base age is often set near average rotation length for a species. The base age is 20 years for trees in temperate areas (>30 degrees north latitude), 10 years for trees in tropical areas (≤30 degrees north latitude), and 10 years for all shrubs and sub-shrubs.
    Weiskittel, A. R., D. W. Hann, J. A. Kershaw, Jr., and J. K. Vanclay. 2011. Forest Growth and Yield Modeling. Wiley-Blackwell. -- USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/forestryBaseAge
  • Basis of Record
    The specific nature of the data record - a subtype of the dcterms:type. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Darwin Core Type Vocabulary (http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/type-vocabulary/index.htm).
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/basisOfRecord
  • Bathyal zone (200-4000m)
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/DZ_BAT
  • Bathypelagic
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/DZP_BATH
  • Bedrock
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SUBST_ROCK
  • Behavior
    A description of the behavior shown by the subject at the time the Occurrence was recorded. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/behavior
  • Behavioral circadian rhythm
    Any measurable or observable behavioral characteristic related to a daily biological activity cycle.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001502
  • Bell Shaped
    A concave 3-D shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's shape form resembling the shape of a bell.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/bellShape
  • Bell Shaped
    A shape distinguished by its resemblance to a bell
    Anne Thessen
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/bellShaped
  • Bent
    A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's having one or more angle(s) in its length.
    from Phenotype and Trait Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000617
  • Benthic
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Benthic
  • Berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
    The plant produces berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits that are palatable to humans.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/palatableHumansYes
  • Between sedges in open water
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/betweenSedgesInOpenWater
  • Biennial
    Of life span, a plant which lives for more than one but less than two years after germination, c.f. annual, ephemeral, perennial, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic.
    Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012. Glossary: http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossarya_h.html#biennial
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/biennial
  • Bifurcated
    A branched quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being divided into two branches.
    [database_cross_reference: thefreedictionary.com:thefreedictionary.com]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001784
  • Bill length
    Length of the bill.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/BillLength
  • Bilobed
    A lobed quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being divided into or having two lobes.
    [database_cross_reference: thefreedictionary:http://www.thefreedictionary.com/bilobed]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002214
  • Biodiffusor
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RW_DIFF
  • Biogenic products
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/TUBE_BIO
  • Biogenic reef
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/HAB_BIO
  • Biogenic reef
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/HAB_REEF
  • Biogenic silica
    A biogenic mineral comprised of hydrated silica
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_64389
  • Bioluminescent
    Has this organism been observed to produce and transmit light?
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bioluminescence
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Bioluminescent
  • Black
    A color that lacks any hues as parts.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000317
  • Blind-ended ventilation
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RW_BEV
  • Blood pressure
    Blood pressure (BP), sometimes referred to as arterial blood pressure, is the pressure exerted by circulating blood upon the walls of blood vessels, and is one of the principal vital signs. When used without further specification, "blood pressure" usually refers to the arterial pressure of the systemic circulation. During each heartbeat, blood pressure varies between a maximum (systolic) and a minimum (diastolic) pressure.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_pressure
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/75367002
  • Bloom period
    The seasonal period in the U.S. during which the plant blooms the most. The bloom period is defined as the time when pollen is shed and stigmas are receptive.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/BloomPeriod
  • Bloom period begin
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/BloomPeriodBegin
  • Bloom period end
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/BloomPeriodEnd
  • Blue
    A color hue with low wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between green and indigo, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 420 to 490 nanometers.
    [database_cross_reference: Dictionary:http://dictionary.reference.com/]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000318
  • Bluff
    A very steep and broad hill or small cliff, frequently next to a river or ocean.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bluff
    http://sweet.jpl.nasa.gov/2.3/realmLandOrographic.owl#Bluff
  • Bluish-green
    A color with a hue between that of blue and green, with a hue value between 120° and 240°.
    Wright C. and Seltmann, K.C. Color representation of blue flowers by Encyclopedia of Life content providers.The Biodiversity Data Journal (In prep) 2014
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/bluish-green
  • Bluish-purple
    A color with a hue between that of blue and purple, with a hue value between 240° and 300°.
    Wright C. and Seltmann, K.C. Color representation of blue flowers by Encyclopedia of Life content providers.The Biodiversity Data Journal (In prep) 2014
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/bluish-purple
  • Blunt
    A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's terminating gradually in a rounded end.
    [database_cross_reference: ISBN:0881923214]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001950
  • Body length (CMO)
    A measurement of the longest dimension of a body, typically between two distinct ends of the body.
    [database_cross_reference: Dorland:Dorlands_Illustrated_Medical_Dictionary--31st_Ed] [database_cross_reference: ISBN:978-1416049982]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CMO_0000013
  • Body length (VT)
    The distance from point to point along the longest axis of the body of an organism.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001256
  • Body mass
    The amount of matter in the body of an organism.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001259
  • Body temperature
    The degree of heat in the body of a living organism, temperature is measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter, expressed in terms of units or degrees designated on a standard scale.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2871-4249
  • Bog pond
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/bogPond
  • Boreal
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/boreal
  • Bottomland forest
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/bottomlandForest
  • Bottomland prairie
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/bottomlandPrairie
  • Brackish water habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water (as in estuaries) containing medium concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically 0.5 to 35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000570
  • Broad
    A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's width being notably higher than its length.
    [database_cross_reference: PATOC:GVG]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002359
  • Broad Flat Cone
    A 3D cone shape that is characterized by having a base diameter much larger than the height.
    Created by Anne Thessen
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/broadFlatCone
  • Brood pouch
    brood pouches have been reported
    Fairbairn DJ (2013) Data from: Odd couples: extraordinary differences between the sexes in the animal kingdom. Dryad Digital Repository. doi:10.5061/dryad.n48cm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/broodPouch
  • Brown
    A color consisting of dark orange, red, of very low intensity.
    [database_cross_reference: Wikipedia:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brown]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000952
  • Browse animal palatability
    The relative palatability of the plant to browsing animals.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/BrowseAnimalPalatability
  • Buccal organ absent or occluded
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/STRUCT_ABS
  • Bud source
    Location of bud bank for resprouting.
    BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories (BudSource), http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/BudSource
  • Bunch
    Plant development by intravaginal tillering at or near the soil surface without production of rhizomes or stolons.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/bunch
  • Burl
    A burl (American English) or bur or burr (used in all non-US English speaking countries) is a tree growth in which the grain has grown in a deformed manner. It is commonly found in the form of a rounded outgrowth on a tree trunk or branch that is filled with small knots from dormant buds.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Burl&oldid=603717187
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/burl
  • Burrower
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/MOB_BUR

C

  • Calcareous soil tolerance
    The relative tolerance of the plant to calcareous soil. Calcareous soil is defined as soil containing sufficient free CaCO3 and other carbonates to effervesce visibly or audibly when treated with cold 0.1M HCl. These soils usually contain from 10 to almost 1000g/kg CaCO3 equivalent.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CalcareousSoilTolerance
  • Calcified
    A composition quality inhering in an bearer by virtue of the bearer's being encrusted or impregnated with calcium carbonate
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001447
  • Calcite
    Calcium carbonate (CO3Ca), calcite structure
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_46719
  • Calcium carbonate
    A carbonate salt that has formula CO3Ca
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CHEBI_3311
  • Calcium carbonate
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/traitspublic_traitdefinitions.php#TUBE_CALC
  • Calf
    The young of various large animals (e.g. elephants, whales, and dolphins).
    Definition modified from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/calf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/calf
  • California Invasive Plant Inventory
    Organism is listed in the California Invasive Plant Inventory. California Invasive Plant Council. 2006. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council. Berkeley, California. http://www.cal-ipc.org/ip/inventory/index.php
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/californiaInvasivePlantInventory
  • Canopy
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000047
  • Carbon-to-nitrogen ratio
    The percentage of organic carbon divided by the percentage of total nitrogen in organic material.
    USDA Plants database. Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CNRatio
  • Caribbean (CB)
    The Caribbean. One of the 10 regional U.S. Army Corps of Engineers wetland delineation regions for the U.S. and its territories used by the National Wetland Plant List.
    Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241. http://rsgisias.crrel.usace.army.mil/NWPL/static/cfg/doc/pdl_2013_pub/National/NWPL_Phytoneuron_2013.pdf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_caribbean
  • Carnivore
    An animal that mainly eats meat.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Primary__Carnivore
  • Catalog Number
    An identifier (preferably unique) for the record within the data set or collection.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/catalogNumber
  • Catastrophic
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/MV_CAT
  • Caudal fin shape
    Any measurable or observable characteristic related to the shape of a caudal fin.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CaudalFinShape
  • Caves
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/HAB_CAVE
  • Cavity
    The nest is placed in a cavity with a narrow/protected entrance.
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nestCavity
  • Cell
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0005623
  • Cell mass
    Mass of one cell.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_1000036
  • Cell maxArea/maxVolume
    ratio of Maximum Cell Surface Area to Maximum Cell Volume.
    Leblanc, K., Arístegui, J., Armand, L., Assmy, P., Beker, B., Bode, A., Breton, E., Cornet, V., Gibson, J., Gosselin, M.-P., Kopczynska, E., Marshall, H., Peloquin, J., Piontkovski, S., Poulton, A. J., Quéguiner, B., Schiebel, R., Shipe, R., Stefels, J., van Leeuwe, M. A., Varela, M., Widdicombe, C., and Yallop, M.: A global diatom database – abundance, biovolume and biomass in the world ocean, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., 5, 147-185, doi:10.5194/essdd-5-147-2012, 2012.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CellMaxAreaPerMaxVolume
  • Cell minArea/minVolume
    ratio of Minimum Cell Surface Area to Minimum Cell Volume.
    (Leblanc, K., Arístegui, J., Armand, L., Assmy, P., Beker, B., Bode, A., Breton, E., Cornet, V., Gibson, J., Gosselin, M.-P., Kopczynska, E., Marshall, H., Peloquin, J., Piontkovski, S., Poulton, A. J., Quéguiner, B., Schiebel, R., Shipe, R., Stefels, J., van Leeuwe, M. A., Varela, M., Widdicombe, C., and Yallop, M.: A global diatom database – abundance, biovolume and biomass in the world ocean, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., 5, 147-185, doi:10.5194/essdd-5-147-2012, 2012.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CellMinAreaPerMinVolume
  • Cell shape
    The approximate three dimensional shape of a cell, described as one or more geometric solids.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_0000052
  • Cell surface area
    Surface area of a cell.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CellSurfaceArea
  • Cell volume
    Volume of one cell.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_0000056
  • Centered
    A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being located in a position equidistant from edges.
    Phenotype and Trait Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002268
  • Centric
    diatoms which are radially symmetrical (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diatom#Classification)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/centric
  • Chain of spheres
    A cell shape that approximates a chain of spheres. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/chainOfSpheres
  • Chick
    A bird that has not yet reached adulthood
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/chick
  • Circular
    A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being such that every part of the surface or the circumference is equidistant from the center.
    [database_cross_reference: thefreedictionary.com:thefreedictionary.com]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000411
  • Citation
    A bibliographic reference for the resource.
    http://purl.org/dc/terms/bibliographicCitation
  • Clearing
    An open area in a forest.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000444
  • Cliff
    A high, steep, or overhanging face of rock.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000087
  • Climbing plant
    A plant growing more or less erect by leaning or twining on another structure for support, or by clinging with tendrils.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Glossary_of_botanical_terms&oldid=586835719
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/climbingPlant
  • Closed nest
    The species builds a closed nest, e.g., domed/oven-shaped nests.
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/closedNest
  • Clustered
    A spatial pattern inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being gathered or tending to gather into a mass or whole.
    Phenotype and Trait Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001629
  • Clutch/brood/litter size
    Single birth offspring quantity. The proportion or number of offspring produced from a single pregnancy (mammals) or ovulation (fish) or nesting (birds).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001933
  • Cm
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000015
  • Cm3.o2/g/hr
    Cubic centimeters of Oxygen consumed per gram body mass per hour.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ccOxygenPerGramPerHour
  • Cm^2
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000081
  • Coarse clean sand
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SUBST_CS
  • Coefficient of variation
    a normalized measure of dispersion of a probability distribution of frequency distribution.
    http://bioportal.bioontology.org/ontologies/STATO/
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/STATO_0000236
  • Coenobium
    A colony containing a fixed number of cells, with little or no specialization. They occur in several groups of algae.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coenobium
  • Cold moist stratification
    Cold moist stratification in a refrigerator in a plastic freezer bag.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationColdMoistStrat
  • Cold stratification not required
    Cold stratification does not significantly increasesthe seed germination percentage of this plant.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coldStratificationNo
  • Cold stratification required
    Cold stratification significantly increases the seed germination percentage of this plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coldStratificationYes
  • Cold waters
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/TEMP_COLD
  • Cold waters
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RT_COLD
  • Collected in
    this organism has been found in the associate; implies that the associate was dissected
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/collectedIn
  • Collected on
    this organism has been found on the associate.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/collectedOn
  • Collection Code
    The name, acronym, coden, or initialism identifying the collection or data set from which the record was derived.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/collectionCode
  • Colonial
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Colonial
  • Colonizing
    A plant that is likely to behave as a colonizer when planted to enhance soil stabilization.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/colonizing
  • Colony
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/IDO_0000615
  • Colorless
    A color quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's lacking color.
    from Phenotype and Trait Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000337
  • Columnar
    Shaped like a column
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/columnar
  • Commercial availability
    The availability of plant propagules in the commercial marketplace.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CommercialAvailability
  • Competes with
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CompetesWithInferred
  • Competes with
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0044402
  • Complex species
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/CPLX
  • Cone
    A cell shape that approximates a cone. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coneShapedCell
  • Cone + half sphere
    A cell shape that approximates a cone + half sphere. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/conePlusHalfSphere
  • Cone + half sphere + cylinder
    A cell shape that approximates a cone + half sphere + cylinder. Sun, J. and Liu, D. 2003. Geometric models for calculating cell biovolume and surface area for phytoplankton, J. Plankton Res., 25, 1331–1346, doi:10.1093/plankt/fbg096, Table II
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/cone+HalfSphere+Cylinder
  • Cone-10%
    A cell shape that approximates a cone-10% volume. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/cone-10Percent
  • Conical
    A convex 3-D shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's resembling a cone (a 3-D shape with a round cross section that tapers).
    [database_cross_reference: Wikipedia:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cone_(geometry)]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002021
  • Conservation dependent
    The category is part of the IUCN 1994 Categories & Criteria (version 2.3), which is no longer used in evaluation of taxa, but persists in the IUCN Red List for taxa evaluated prior to 2001. It was assigned to species or lower taxa which were dependent on conservation efforts to prevent the taxon becoming threatened with extinction.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conservation_Dependent
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/conservationDependent
  • Conservation status
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#ConservationStatus
  • Continuous or semi-continuous
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Year-round_breeding
  • Contracting only
    The plant is available only through contracting with a commercial grower.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/contractingOnly
  • Contributor
    An entity responsible for making contributions to the resource.
    http://purl.org/dc/terms/contributor
  • Cooperative breeding
    The species regularly breeds cooperatively, with nonparents providing care.
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CooperativeBreeding
  • Copepodid stage 3
    The third post-naupliar life stage of a copepod. All copepodid stages are characterised by two pairs of unsegmented swimming appendages, and an unsegmented "hind-body" comprising the thorax and the abdomen. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copepodid#Copepoda)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/copepodid3
  • Copepodid stage 4
    The fourth post-naupliar life stage of a copepod. All copepodid stages are characterised by two pairs of unsegmented swimming appendages, and an unsegmented "hind-body" comprising the thorax and the abdomen. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copepodid#Copepoda)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/copepodid4
  • Copepodid stage 5
    The fifth post-naupliar life stage of a copepod. All copepodid stages are characterised by two pairs of unsegmented swimming appendages, and an unsegmented "hind-body" comprising the thorax and the abdomen. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copepodid#Copepoda)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/copepodid5
  • Cosmopolitan
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Cosmopolitan
  • Cotype
    A deprecated term no longer recognized in the ICZN; formerly used for either syntype or paratype [see ICZN Recommendation 73E]. [Zoo.]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Cotype
  • Crack dry capsules
    Crack dry capsules under foot or with rolling pin.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractCrack
  • Crawler
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/MOB_CRAWL
  • Crepuscular
    Active at dawn and dusk
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Crepuscular
  • Crevices / fissures
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/HAB_CREV
  • Critically endangered
    A taxon is Critically Endangered when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Critically Endangered, and it is therefore considered to be facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/criticallyEndangered
  • Cruising
    An organism which obtains food primarily by foraging while cruising.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/cruising
  • Cursorial
    This organism is adapted for running
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cursorial
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/cursorial
  • Cyan
    A color consisting of green and blue hue. [database_cross_reference: PATOC:GVG]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000319
  • Cylinder
    A cell shape that approximates a cylinder. (Sun, J. and Liu, D. 2003. Geometric models for calculating cell biovolume and surface area for phytoplankton, J. Plankton Res., 25, 1331–1346, doi:10.1093/plankt/fbg096, Table II)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/cylinder
  • Cylinder + 2 half spheres
    A cell shape that approximates a cylinder + 2 half spheres. Sun, J. and Liu, D. 2003. Geometric models for calculating cell biovolume and surface area for phytoplankton, J. Plankton Res., 25, 1331–1346, doi:10.1093/plankt/fbg096, Table II
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/cylinder+2HalfSpheres
  • Cymbelloid
    A cell shape that approximates a cymbelloid. Sun, J. and Liu, D. 2003. Geometric models for calculating cell biovolume and surface area for phytoplankton, J. Plankton Res., 25, 1331–1346, doi:10.1093/plankt/fbg096, Table II
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/cymbelloid

D

  • Dark green
    Of the color between blue and yellow in the color spectrum; similar to the color of fresh grass
    http://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/dark-green
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/darkGreen
  • Data deficient
    A taxon is Data Deficient when there is inadequate information to make a direct, or indirect, assessment of its risk of extinction based on its distribution and/or population status. A taxon in this category may be well studied, and its biology well known, but appropriate data on abundance and/or distribution are lacking. Data Deficient is therefore not a category of threat. Listing of taxa in this category indicates that more information is required and acknowledges the possibility that future research will show that threatened classification is appropriate. It is important to make positive use of whatever data are available. In many cases great care should be exercised in choosing between DD and a threatened status. If the range of a taxon is suspected to be relatively circumscribed, and a considerable period of time has elapsed since the last record of the taxon, threatened status may well be justified.
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/dataDeficient
  • Data Quality
    Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality or integrity of data; may also include activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of data or to review interim data and efficacy outcomes to determine if research should be continued as designed, changed, or terminated; may also include reviews to investigate misconduct in research; levels of excellence which characterize the data based on accepted standards of quality.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/5004-0024
  • Date Identified
    The date on which the subject was identified as representing the Taxon. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dateIdentified
  • Date Modified
    Date on which the resource was changed.
    http://purl.org/dc/terms/modified
  • Days
    A day is a unit of time. In common usage, it is an interval equal to 24 hours.[1] It also can mean the consecutive period of time during which the Sun is above the horizon of a location, also known as daytime. (Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Day&oldid=561991249)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/day
  • Days
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000033
  • December
    The twelfth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106192
  • Deciduous
    Deciduous (plant): A quality inhering in a plant by virtue of the bearer's disposition to shed foliage.
    [database_cross_reference: PATOC:cjm]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001731
  • Decimal degrees
    Decimal degrees (DD) express latitude and longitude geographic coordinates as decimal fractions. The values are bounded by ±90° and ±180° respectively. Positive latitudes are north of the equator, negative latitudes are south of the equator. Positive longitudes are east of Prime Meridian, negative longitudes are west of the Prime Meridian. (Wikipedia)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/decimaldegrees
  • Decumbent
    A plant with branches growing horizontally but turned up at the ends
    http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Glossary_of_botanical_terms&oldid=586835719
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/decumbent
  • Deep
    A depth quality which is relatively high.
    Phenotype and Trait Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001596
  • Degrees
    A plane angle unit which is equal to 1/360 of a full rotation or 1.7453310^[-2] rad.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000185
  • Degrees Celsius
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000027
  • Degrees Fahrenheit
    In this scale, the freezing point of water is 32 degrees Fahrenheit and the boiling point is 212 degrees, placing the boiling and freezing points of water 180 degrees apart. -40 degrees Fahrenheit is equal to -40 degrees Celsius. A temperature unit which is equal to 5/9ths of a kelvin. Negative 40 degrees Fahrenheit is equal to negative 40 degrees Celsius.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000195
  • Dense (low porosity)
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being incapable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices.
    cf. http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000973
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowPorosity
  • Deposit feeder (selective or non-selective)
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FEED_D
  • Depth zonation (benthos)
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/DZ
  • Depth zonation (pelagic)
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/DZP
  • Descending Cingulum
    A state of the cingulum wherein the end of the cingulum is lower than the beginning. Facing the ventral side of the cell, the cingulum on your right-hand side is higher than the cingulum on your left-hand side.
    Created by Anne Thessen
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/descendingCingulum
  • Described (accepted)
    number of currently described and taxonomically accepted species in this clade (Appeltans et al. 2012. The Magnitude of Global Marine Species Diversity. Current Biology 22, 2189–2202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2012.09.036)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/DescribedAcceptedSpecies
  • Detritus
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Detritus
  • Developmental mechanism
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/DEV
  • Developmental Mode
    The developmental mode of young.
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/DevelopmentalMode
  • Dg
    Decigrams: The metric unit of mass equal to one-tenth of a gram.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C64555
  • Diapause initiation
    Lifestage at which Diapause is initiated; i.e.: morphological development ceases.(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diapause#Initiation)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/DiapauseInitiation
  • Diatom symmetry type
    a traditional division of the Bacillariophyceae or diatoms into two groups based upon symmetry (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diatom#Classification)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/DiatomSymmetryType
  • Diet breadth
    Number of dietary categories eaten by an organism.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/DietBreadth
  • Dimorphism
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Dimorphism
  • Dioecious
    Dioecy (Greek: "two households"; adjective form: dioecious) is characterised by a species having distinct male and female organisms.
    K. S. Bawa (1980). "Evolution of Dioecy in Flowering Plants". Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 11: 15–39.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/dioecious
  • Direct developer
    Direct developers are characterized by a larval stage that has very low dispersal potential and usually looks like the adult form of the animal.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marine_larval_ecology#Larval_development_strategies
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/directDeveloper
  • Disc Shaped
    A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being cylindrical, in which the height is less than the diameter.
    Phenotype and Trait Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001874
  • Dispersal age
    Age at which young permanently leave the parent, parental group, social group or any associated territories.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/DispersalAge
  • Dispersal vector
    A dispersal vector is an agent transporting seeds or other dispersal units. Dispersal vectors may include biotic factors, such as animals, or abiotic factors, such as the wind or the ocean.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dispersal_vector&oldid=551654371
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/DispersalVector
  • Disturbed areas
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/disturbedArea
  • Diurnal
    Active during the day
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Diurnal
  • Divided
    The pelvic fins on the right and left are completely separate, with the base of the innermost fin ray clearly separated by a space from the base of the ray on the other side. This state is typical of most fishes.
    http://www.coralreeffish.com/gobiidae.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/dividedPelvicFin
  • Downward conveyor
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RW_DC
  • Drought semi-deciduous
    A plant that drops part of its leaves during the dry period (excluding species that exceptionally drop leaves in very dry periods).
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/droughtSemiDeciduous
  • Drought tolerance
    Becoming tolerant to drought like conditions of minimal or no water content in the growth environment.
    [database_cross_reference: GR:pj]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000276
  • Dry
    A wetness quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's not being covered by a liquid.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001824
  • Dry fruit
    A fruit that lacks succulent tissue at maturity.
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/dryFruit
  • Dry open woodland
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/dryOpenWoodland
  • Dry prairie
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/dryPrairie
  • Dry seed storage
    Seeds may be stored dry.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationDryStorage
  • Dry woodland
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/dryWoodland
  • Dwarf males
    dwarf males have been reported
    Fairbairn DJ (2013) Data from: Odd couples: extraordinary differences between the sexes in the animal kingdom. Dryad Digital Repository. doi:10.5061/dryad.n48cm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/dwarfMales
  • Dystrophic montane freshwater lake
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/dystrophicMontaneFreshwaterLake

E

  • E(development)
    the activation energy required for the metabolic processes involved in development. (Maps, F., Pershing, A.J. & Record, N.R. (2011). A generalized approach for simulating growth and development in diverse marine copepod species. ICES J. Mar. Sci., 69, 370–379.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ActivationEnergyDevelopment
  • Early
    At or near the beginning of a period of time or course of events.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C61589
  • Early April
    Near the beginning of the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/earlyApril
  • Early June
    Near the beginning of the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/earlyJune
  • Early May
    Near the beginning of the fifth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/earlyMay
  • Early spring
    The early part of the season between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/earlySpring
  • Early summer
    The early part of the season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/earlySummer
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont (EMP)
    U. S. Eastern Mountains and Piedmont. One of the 10 regional U.S. Army Corps of Engineers wetland delineation regions for the U.S. and its territories used by the National Wetland Plant List.
    Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241. http://rsgisias.crrel.usace.army.mil/NWPL/static/cfg/doc/pdl_2013_pub/National/NWPL_Phytoneuron_2013.pdf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_easternmountainsandpiedmont
  • Eats fruit
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/eatsFruit
  • Eats invertebrates
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/eatsInvertebrates
  • Eats nectar
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/eatsNectar
  • Eats seeds
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/eatsSeeds
  • Eats vegetation
    Eats plant material other than fruit, nectar, sap, or seeds.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/eatsVegetation
  • Ecosystem engineering
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RW
  • Ect - aquasperm
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SPERM_ECT
  • Egg size
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/EGG
  • Egg stage
    The first post-fertilization life stage of many organisms. The developing organism is enclosed by a membrane and possibly a hard shell and is not yet motile. Followed by hatching and either larval or other juvenile life stages.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/eggStage
  • Ellipsoid
    A shape for a biological structure that approximates an ellipsoid. (eg: for a cell, see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ellipsoid
  • Elliptic prism + 4 cones
    A cell shape approximating an elliptic prism + 4 cones. Sun, J. and Liu, D. 2003. Geometric models for calculating cell biovolume and surface area for phytoplankton, J. Plankton Res., 25, 1331–1346, doi:10.1093/plankt/fbg096, Table II
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ellipticPrism+4Cones
  • Elliptic prism with transapical constriction
    A cell shape that approximates an elliptic prism with a transapical constriction. Sun, J. and Liu, D. 2003. Geometric models for calculating cell biovolume and surface area for phytoplankton, J. Plankton Res., 25, 1331–1346, doi:10.1093/plankt/fbg096, Table II
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ellipticPrismWithTransapicalConstriction
  • Elongated
    A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's length being notably higher than its width.
    [database_cross_reference: WordNet:WordNet]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001154
  • Emarginate
    A notched shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's having a notched tip or edge.
    [database_cross_reference: url:http://www.thefreedictionary.com/emarginate]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002234
  • Embryo stage
    A life cycle stage that starts with fertilization and ends with the fully formed embryo.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000068
  • Emerged from
    this organism has been observed emerging from the associate.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/emergedFrom
  • Endangered
    A taxon is Endangered when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Endangered, and it is therefore considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild.
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/endangered
  • Endozoochory
    Seed dispersal via ingestion by vertebrate animals (mostly birds and mammals).
    https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Seed_dispersal&oldid=602822222
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/endozoochory
  • Ent - aquasperm
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SPERM_ENT
  • Epicormic buds
    Epicormic buds lie dormant beneath the bark, their growth suppressed by hormones from active shoots higher up the plant. Under certain conditions, they develop into active shoots, such as when damage occurs to higher parts of the plant, or light levels are increased following removal of nearby plants. Epicormic buds and shoots occur in many woody species, but are absent from many others, such as most conifers.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Epicormic_shoot&oldid=540989593
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/epicormicBuds
  • Epiphyte
    A plant growing on, but not parasitic on, another plant.
    http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossarya_h.html#E
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/epiphyte
  • Epitoky
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/EPKY
  • Epitype
    An epitype is a specimen or illustration selected to serve as an interpretative type when any kind of holotype, lectotype, etc. is demonstrably ambiguous and cannot be critically identified for purposes of the precise application of the name of a taxon (see Art. ICBN 9.7, 9.18). An epitype supplements, rather than replaces existing types. [Bot./Bio.]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Epitype
  • Epizoochory
    Seed dispersal by external animal transport (= exozoochory).
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/epizoochory
  • Equal
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/PSR_EQ
  • Erect
    A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being upright in position or posture.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000622
  • Establishment Means
    The process by which the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence became established at the location. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/establishmentMeans
  • Eutrophic freshwater lake
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/eutrophicFreshwaterLake
  • Eutrophic freshwater pond
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/eutrophicFreshwaterPond
  • Ev
    Electronvolt. A non-SI unit of energy (eV) defined as the energy acquired by a single unbound electron when it passes through an electrostatic potential difference of one volt. An electronvolt is equal to 1.602 176 53(14) x 10^-19 J.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000266
  • Event Date
    The date-time or interval during which an Event occurred. For occurrences, this is the date-time when the event was recorded. Not suitable for a time in a geological context. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventDate
  • Event Remarks
    Comments or notes about the Event.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventRemarks
  • Evergreen
    Evergreen (plant): A quality inhering in a plant by virtue of the bearer's disposition to retain foliage.
    [database_cross_reference: PATOC:GVG]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001733
  • Extant
    This taxon is still in existence, as opposed to extinct.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extant_taxon
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/extant
  • Extant and fossil
    This taxon has descendants that are extant lineages and others that are extinct or fossil taxa.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/extantAndFossil
  • External (broadcast spawner)
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Broadcast__group__spawning
  • External (pseudocopulation)
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FER_PSEU
  • External fertilization
    fertilization takes place outside the female's body
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#External_fertilization
  • Extinct
    A taxon is Extinct when there is no reasonable doubt that the last individual has died. A taxon is presumed Extinct when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat, at appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal, annual), throughout its historic range have failed to record an individual. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon’s life cycle and life form.
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/extinct
  • Extinct in the wild
    A taxon is Extinct in the Wild when it is known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalized population (or populations) well outside the past range. A taxon is presumed Extinct in the Wild when exhaustive surveys in known and/or expected habitat, at appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal, annual), throughout its historic range have failed to record an individual. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon’s life cycle and life form.
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/extinctInTheWild
  • Extinction status
    Indicates whether a taxon is extant (living today) or extinct.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ExtinctionStatus
  • Extract seed from fresh fruit
    Remove husks when fruit begins to soften, do not allow to dry.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractFreshFruit
  • Extraovarian
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/OOG_EXTRA

F

  • Factors triggering reproduction
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FAC
  • Facultative
    Hydrophyte. Occur in wetlands and non-wetlands.
    Lichvar, R.W. and Minkin, P. 2008. Concepts and procedures for updating the National Wetland Plant List. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Engineer Research and Development Center, Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory ERDC/CRREL TN-08-3, http://rsgisias.crrel.usace.army.mil/NWPL/static/cfg/doc/pdl_2013_pub/National/NWPL_Phytoneuron_2013.pdf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_fac
  • Facultative Upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    Lichvar, R.W. and Minkin, P. 2008. Concepts and procedures for updating the National Wetland Plant List. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Engineer Research and Development Center, Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory ERDC/CRREL TN-08-3, http://rsgisias.crrel.usace.army.mil/NWPL/static/cfg/doc/pdl_2013_pub/National/NWPL_Phytoneuron_2013.pdf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    Lichvar, R.W. and Minkin, P. 2008. Concepts and procedures for updating the National Wetland Plant List. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Engineer Research and Development Center, Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory ERDC/CRREL TN-08-3, http://rsgisias.crrel.usace.army.mil/NWPL/static/cfg/doc/pdl_2013_pub/National/NWPL_Phytoneuron_2013.pdf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
  • Fast
    Increased rate. A rate which is relatively high.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000912
  • February
    The second month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106181
  • Fecundity
    A reproductive quality inhering in an organism or population by virtue of the bearer's potential reproductive capacity ad measured by the number of gametes.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000273
  • Feeding current
    An organism which obtains food primarily by utilizing a feeding current.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/feedingCurrent
  • Feeding structure
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/STRUCT
  • Feeding type
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FEED
  • Feeds on
    consumes for energetic or other nutritional needs
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Predator
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/eats
  • Female
    A biological sex quality inhering in an individual or a population that only produces gametes that can be fertilised by male gametes.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000383
  • Female < male
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/PSR_M
  • Female > male
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/PSR_F
  • Female larger
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#female_larger
  • Female more colorful
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#female_more_colorful
  • Fen
    A freshwater peat land with chemically basic (which roughly means alkaline) ground water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000232
  • Ferment in bag
    Allow fruit to ferment in bag then remove seeds.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractFerment
  • Fern
    A fern is any one or more of a group of roughly 12,000 species of plants belonging to the botanical group known as Pteridophyta.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fern&oldid=590843354
    http://sweet.jpl.nasa.gov/2.3/matrPlant.owl#Fern
  • Fertilization type
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Fertilization
  • Fetus
    A fetus is a developing mammal or other viviparous vertebrate after the embryonic stage and before birth.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fetus
    http://www.ebi.ac.uk/efo/EFO_0001323
  • Field
    An area of land, usually relatively small, enclosed or otherwise and used for agricultural purposes.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000114
  • Field collections only
    Field collections only, not produced by commercial growers.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fieldCollectionsOnly
  • Field Notes
    One of a) an indicator of the existence of, b) a reference to (publication, URI), or c) the text of notes taken in the field about the Event.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/fieldNotes
  • Filament
    (in algae) A string of non-motile cells connected together, sometimes branching (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algae)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/algal_filament
  • Fine clean sand
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SUBST_FS
  • Fire resistance
    The ability of an organism to resist burning.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FireResistance
  • Fire tolerance
    The relative ability of a plant to resprout, regrow, or reestablish from residual seed after a fire.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields (Fire tolerance). http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FireTolerance
  • First Appearance (Older Bound)
    The older bound for the first appearance of this taxon in the fossil record, in Ma.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_firstapp_ea
  • First Appearance (Younger Bound)
    The younger bound for the first appearance of this taxon in the fossil record, in Ma.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_firstapp_la
  • Flattened ellipsoid
    A cell shape that approximates a flattened or oblate ellipsoid. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/flattenedEllipsoid
  • Flattened ellipsoid - 20%
    A cell shape that approximates a flattened ellipsoid - 20% volume. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/flattenedEllipsoid-20Percent
  • Fleshy fruit
    A fruit with at least one tissue that is succulent at maturity.
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fleshyFruit
  • Flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
  • Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant List
    Organism is listed in the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant List (19 October 1999). Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Florida. http://www.fleppc.org/
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fleppc
  • Flower color
    A flower anatomy and morphology trait (TO:0000499) which is associated with the color of the flower (PO:0009046).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000537
  • Flower is conspicuous
    Flowers are conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/flowerConspicuousYes
  • Flower is not conspicuous
    Flowers are not conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/flowerConspicuousNo
  • Flowers visited by
    The flowers of this plant are visited by the listed organism. It may or may not be an effective pollinator.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FlowersVisitedBy
  • Fluffy seeds pose fire hazard
    Fluffy seed can be messy and can catch fire/potential fire hazard.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractFluffy
  • Foliage porosity summer
    Indicates the porosity (coverage) of the foliage during the summer months. Foliage porosity is an important factor when trees or shrubs are used as windbreaks for the protection of crops and livestock shelters. Denser (or less porous) foliage allows more wind to pass through.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliagePorositySummer
  • Foliage porosity winter
    Indicates the porosity (coverage) of the foliage during the winter months. Foliage porosity is an important factor when trees or shrubs are used as windbreaks for the protection of crops and livestock shelters. Denser (or less porous) foliage allows more wind to pass through.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliagePorosityWinter
  • Foliage texture
    The general texture of the plant’s foliage relative to other species with the same growth habit, e.g., fine/smooth, medium, coarse/rough.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliageTexture
  • Foraging Habitat
    Primary habitat where the species forages during the breeding season.
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ForagingHabitat
  • Foraging time
    Time of day when adults forage during the breeding season.
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ForagingTime
  • Forb/herb
    Vascular plant without significant woody tissue above or at the ground. Forbs and herbs may be annual, biennial, or perennial but always lack significant thickening by secondary woody growth and have perennating buds borne at or below the ground surface. In the PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov/), graminoids are excluded but ferns, horsetails, lycopods, and whisk-ferns are included.
    PLANTS Database Growth Habits Codes and Definitions: https://plants.usda.gov/growth_habits_def.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/forbHerb
  • Forelimb length
    The distance from point to point along the longest axis of the anterior/superior jointed appendages used for locomotion or grasping.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0010023
  • Fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
    An organism that spends most of its time on the ground or underground.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/groundDwelling
  • Found near
    this organism has been found near the associate. No evidence of relationship except proximity
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/foundNear
  • Freshwater and marine habitat
    Freshwater and marine habitat.
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwaterAndMarine
  • Freshwater aquarium
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwaterAquarium
  • Freshwater fishpond
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwaterFishPond
  • Freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
  • Freshwater lake
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwaterLake
  • Freshwater pond
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwaterPond
  • Freshwater stream
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/freshwaterStream
  • Frost free days
    The average number of frost-free days within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FrostFreeDays
  • Frozen
    A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being kept below its freezing point.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001985
  • Fruit
    A multi-tissue plant structure (PO:0025496) that develops from a gynoecium (PO:0009062) and may have as parts one or more seeds (PO:0009010).
    [database_cross_reference: POC:curators]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0009001
  • Fruit or seed color
    The predominant and conspicuous color of the mature fruit or seed from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    USDA Plants database. Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FruitSeedColor
  • Fruit type
    A fruit anatomy and morphology trait (TO:0002629) which is associated with the type of a fruit (PO:0009001).
    [database_cross_reference: PO:0009001] [database_cross_reference: TO:moorel]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000850
  • Fruit/seed abundance
    The amount of seed produced by the plant compared to other species with the same growth habit.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedAbundance
  • Fruit/seed is conspicuous
    The fruit or seed is conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitSeedConspicuousYes
  • Fruit/seed is not conspicuous
    The fruit or seed is not conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitSeedConspicuousNo
  • Fruit/seed is not persistent
    The fruit or seed is not persistent on the plant.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitPersistentNo
  • Fruit/seed is persistent
    The fruit or seed is persistent on the plant.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitPersistentYes
  • Fruit/seed persistence
    Are the fruit or seed generally recognized as being persistent on the plant?
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FruitPersistence
  • Ft
    A foot (plural: feet; abbreviation or symbol: ft or ′ (the prime symbol) is a unit of length. Since 1960 the term has usually referred to the international foot, defined as being one third of a yard, making it 0.3048 meters exactly. It is an integral part of both the imperial and United States customary systems of units. It is subdivided into 12 inches.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Foot_(unit)&oldid=587535236
    http://mimi.case.edu/ontologies/2009/1/UnitsOntology#foot
  • Fuelwood suitability
    The relative suitability or potential of a tree or shrub to produce fuelwood. If suitability is unknown, fuelwood potential is expressed in terms of weight (in lbs) per cubic foot of green wood. Relative values correspond to these numerical ranges: Low: <28; Medium: 28-35; High: >35. Plants other than trees and shrubs are left blank here.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FuelwoodSuitability
  • Full salinity
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SAL_FULL
  • Fused
    Pelvic fins are completely fused along the length of the rays; this is the most common condition among the larval gobies. There can be a frenum, or anterior connecting band, joining the outermost pelvic-fin spines on the two sides to form a cup-shaped fin.
    http://www.coralreeffish.com/gobiidae.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fusedPelvicFin

G

  • G
    Grams. A mass unit which is equal to one thousandth of a kilogram or 10^[-3] kg.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000021
  • G/cm^3
    Grams per cubic centimeter. A mass unit density which is equal to mass of an object in grams divided by the volume in cubic centimeters.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000084
  • Garden persistent range
    Lists jurisdictions where a plant persists around gardens and old habitations, is not naturalized.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/GardenPersistent
  • Generation frequency
    in population biology, the number of generations of offspring born during an interval. Reciprocal of generation time (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Generation_time)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/GenerationFrequency
  • Genital opening
    genital opening differs between males and females
    Fairbairn DJ (2013) Data from: Odd couples: extraordinary differences between the sexes in the animal kingdom. Dryad Digital Repository. doi:10.5061/dryad.n48cm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/genitalOpening
  • Genome size
    The amount of DNA (or RNA) in one copy of a genome.
    http://bioportal.bioontology.org/ontologies/MESH
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D059646
  • Geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
  • Geographic range (area)
    The total extent of the geographic range of an organism.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/GeographicRangeArea
  • Geographical zone
    Broad geographical regions separated by latitude. Polar, subpolar, temperate, subtropical, tropical, boreal, arctoboreal, cosmopolitan, etc.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/GeographicalZone
  • Geophyte
    Herb that persists during the unfavourable period as bulb, rhizome or other subterranean storage organ.
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/geophyte
  • Germination inhibition
    Inhibited germination, i.e., germination of the treated seeds is significantly lower than the control. In the case of heat treatments, this applies to all heat intensities tested (see Measurement Methods).
    BROT database, Traits: units and categories: Heat-Stimulated Germination (HeatStimGerm), Other Cues (OtherCues)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/germinationInhibition
  • Germination requirements
    The environmental requirements needed for the plant to germinate.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/GerminationRequirements
  • Germination stimulation
    Germination of the treated seeds is significantly higher than the control.
    BROT database, Traits: units and categories: Heat-Stimulated Germination (HeatStimGerm), Other Cues (OtherCues)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/germinationStimulation
  • Germination treatment
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/GerminationTreatment
  • Germination unaffected
    Germination is not affected by the treatment, i.e., germination of treated seeds equals the control. In the case of heat treatments, germination is not stimulated after any heat intensity tested, and at least one of the treatments does not affect seed germination.
    BROT database, Traits: units and categories: Heat-Stimulated Germination (HeatStimGerm), Other Cues (OtherCues)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/germinationUnaffected
  • Germinative response to ash
    The germinative response after exposure to ash. For studies where differences were not statistically tested, the criteria in Paula & Pausas (2008) are used.
    BROT database, Traits: units and categories (OtherCues)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AshStimGerm
  • Germinative response to boiling water
    The germinative response after exposure to boiling water. For studies where differences were not statistically tested, the criteria in Paula & Pausas (2008) are used.
    BROT database, Traits: units and categories (OtherCues)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/BoilStimGerm
  • Germinative response to charcoal
    The germinative response after exposure to charcoal. For studies where differences were not statistically tested, the criteria in Paula & Pausas (2008) are used.
    BROT database, Traits: units and categories (OtherCues)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CharcoalStimGerm
  • Germinative response to heat stimuli
    The most intense heat treatment (i.e., seed exposition to dry heat >= 50ºC), of those tested (see Measurement Method), that significantly increases the seed germination response of the plant versus the control. For studies where differences were not statistically tested, the criteria in Paula & Pausas (2008) are used. Three heat intensities are considered: Low (<100ºC for <= 5min), Moderate (<100ºC for > 5min or >= 100ºC for <= 5min), High (>= 100ºC for >5min) or unknown (unk). Note that in many studies, post-treatment seed viability is not considered or not specified in the original reference, and thus it can lead to misinterpretation of treatment effects.
    BROT database, Traits: units and categories: Heat-Stimulated Germination (HeatStimGerm)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HeatStimGerm
  • Germinative response to KNO3
    The germinative response after exposure to potassium nitrate (KNO3). For studies where differences were not statistically tested, the criteria in Paula & Pausas (2008) are used.
    BROT database, Traits: units and categories (OtherCues)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/KNO3StimGerm
  • Germinative response to NaNO2
    The germinative response after exposure to sodium nitrite (NaNO2). For studies where differences were not statistically tested, the criteria in Paula & Pausas (2008) are used.
    BROT database, Traits: units and categories (OtherCues)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NaNO2StimGerm
  • Germinative response to NH4Cl
    The germinative response after exposure to ammonium chloride (NH4Cl). For studies where differences were not statistically tested, the criteria in Paula & Pausas (2008) are used.
    BROT database, Traits: units and categories (OtherCues)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NH4ClStimGerm
  • Germinative response to NH4HCO3
    The germinative response after exposure to ammonium bicarbonate (NH4HCO3). For studies where differences were not statistically tested, the criteria in Paula & Pausas (2008) are used.
    BROT database, Traits: units and categories (OtherCues)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NH4HCO3StimGerm
  • Germinative response to NH4NO3
    The germinative response after exposure to ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3). For studies where differences were not statistically tested, the criteria in Paula & Pausas (2008) are used.
    BROT database, Traits: units and categories (OtherCues)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NH4NO3StimGerm
  • Germinative response to smoke
    The germinative response after exposure to smoke For studies where differences were not statistically tested, the criteria in Paula & Pausas (2008) are used.
    BROT database, Traits: units and categories (OtherCues)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SmokeStimGerm
  • Gestation period duration
    The length of time between when a fertilized egg implants in the wall of the uterus and the birth of offspring.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0002292
  • Glacial freshwater stream
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/glacialFreshwaterStream
  • Glade edge
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/gladeEdge
  • Glass surface
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/glassSurface
  • Gomphonemoid
    A cell shape that approximates a gomphonemoid. Sun, J. and Liu, D. 2003. Geometric models for calculating cell biovolume and surface area for phytoplankton, J. Plankton Res., 25, 1331–1346, doi:10.1093/plankt/fbg096, Table II
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/gomphonemoid
  • Gonochoristic
    Having separate sexes throughout life
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Gonochoric
  • Grain type
    The grain crop classification of a plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/GrainType
  • Graminoid
    Grass or grass-like plant, including grasses (Poaceae), sedges (Cyperaceae), rushes (Juncaceae), arrow-grasses (Juncaginaceae), and quillworts (Isoetes).
    PLANTS Database Growth Habits Codes and Definitions: https://plants.usda.gov/growth_habits_def.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/graminoid
  • Grass growth type
    The distance of the growing point (terminal meristem) of the vegetative grass tiller to the crown.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/GrassGrowthType
  • Gravel bar
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/gravelBar
  • Gravel stream bed
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/gravelStreamBed
  • Gravelly mud
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SUBST_GM
  • Gravelly sand
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SUBST_GS
  • Gray-green
    Of green tinged with grey.
    https://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/gray-green
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/grayGreen
  • Graze animal palatability
    The relative palatability of a plant to grazing animals.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/GrazeAnimalPalatability
  • Great Plains (GP)
    U. S. Great Plains. One of the 10 regional U.S. Army Corps of Engineers wetland delineation regions for the U.S. and its territories used by the National Wetland Plant List.
    Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241. http://rsgisias.crrel.usace.army.mil/NWPL/static/cfg/doc/pdl_2013_pub/National/NWPL_Phytoneuron_2013.pdf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_greatplains
  • Green
    A color hue with medium-low wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between yellow and blue, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 490 to 570 nanometers.
    [database_cross_reference: Dictionary:http://dictionary.reference.com/]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000320
  • Greenish-blue
    A color with a hue between that of green and blue, with a hue value between 120° and 240° .
    Wright C. and Seltmann, K.C. Color representation of blue flowers by Encyclopedia of Life content providers.The Biodiversity Data Journal (In prep) 2014
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/greenish-blue
  • Greenish-yellow
    Of a color midway between yellow and green
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/greenish-yellow
  • Grind hard dry fruit
    Grind hard dry fruit in a leaf grinder or stomp under foot.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractGrind
  • Group I
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/TOL_I
  • Group II
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/TOL_II
  • Group III
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/TOL_III
  • Group IV
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/TOL_IV
  • Group V
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/TOL_V
  • Growth rate
    The rate of increase in the size of an organism per unit time.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/260865002

H

  • Habitat
    A category or description of the habitat in which the Event occurred.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/habitat
  • Habitat
    The natural environment in which an organism lives, or the physical environment that surrounds (influences and is utilized by) a species population.
    Habitat. (2013, August 9). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:01, August 14, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Habitat&oldid=567783959
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Habitat
  • Habitat breadth
    Number of habitat layers used by an organism
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HabitatBreadth
  • Habitat type of settlement / early development
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/HSET
  • Habitat-building
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Creates_habitat
  • Half cone
    A cell shape that approximates a half cone. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/halfCone
  • Half cone + cut flattened ellipsoid
    A cell shape that approximates a half cone + cut flattened ellipsoid. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/halfConePlusCutFlattenedEllipsoid
  • Half parallelepiped
    A cell shape that approximates a half parallelepiped. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/halfParallelepiped
  • Half sphere
    A cell shape that approximates a half sphere. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/halfSphere
  • Half sphere-30%
    A cell shape that approximates a half sphere-30% volume. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/halfSphere-30Percent
  • Half-elliptic prism
    A cell shape approximating a half-elliptic prism. Sun, J. and Liu, D. 2003. Geometric models for calculating cell biovolume and surface area for phytoplankton, J. Plankton Res., 25, 1331–1346, doi:10.1093/plankt/fbg096, Table II
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/halfEllipticPrism
  • Hapantotype
    One or more preparations of directly related individuals representing distinct stages in the life cycle, which together form the type in an extant species of protistan [ICZN Article 72.5.4]. A hapantotype, while a series of individuals, is a holotype that must not be restricted by lectotype selection. If an hapantotype is found to contain individuals of more than one species, however, components may be excluded until it contains individuals of only one species [ICZN Article 73.3.2]. [Zoo.]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Hapantotype
  • Hard substrates
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SETTL_HARD
  • Has associate
    non specific association. Indicates the biological possibility that two organisms should be considered associates.
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SOC
  • Has associate
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SOCinferred
  • Has associate (functional group)
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SOCwfunctionalgroup
  • Has host
    derives some resource as a symbiont, either commensal, parasitic or mutualistic
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Host_(biology); http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symbiosis
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hasHost
  • Has parasite
    non-mutual relationship between organisms of different species where one organism, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parasitism
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hasParasite
  • Has pollinator
    moves pollen from the male anthers of a flower to the female stigma of a flower to accomplish fertilization.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pollination
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hasPollinator
  • Has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Predation
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
  • Has predator
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/PRED
  • Hawaii (HI)
    The U.S. state of Hawaii. One of the 10 regional U.S. Army Corps of Engineers wetland delineation regions for the U.S. and its territories used by the National Wetland Plant List.
    Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241. http://rsgisias.crrel.usace.army.mil/NWPL/static/cfg/doc/pdl_2013_pub/National/NWPL_Phytoneuron_2013.pdf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_hawaii
  • Head to coccyx length
    The distance from the head to the caudal vertebrae in the coccygeal region.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HeadtoCoccyxLength
  • Head-body length
    Head-body length is the total length from tip of nose to anus or base of tail (i.e. tail length is excluded).
    YouTheria Manual: Head-body length http://www.utheria.org/head-bodylength.aspx
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HeadBodyLength
  • Heavy
    Increased weight, high weight. A weight which is relatively high.
    [database_cross_reference: PATOC:GVG]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000582
  • Hedge tolerance
    The relative tolerance of woody perennials to hedging (close cropping) by livestock or wildlife. Herbaceous plants are scored "None” here by default.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HedgeTolerance
  • Height standing
    The height when maintaining an erect upright position.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HeightStanding
  • Hemispherical
    A shape distinguished by its resemblance to a half sphere
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hemispherical
  • Herbivore
    An animal that eats mainly plants or parts of plants.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Primary__Herbivore
  • Heterotrophic
    Deriving energy from consuming organic matter. Pure heterotrophic organisms contain no functioning plastids or photosynthetic pigments, and show evidence for consumption of organic particles or prey. (Barton, AD, Finkel, ZV, Ward, BA, Johns, DG, Follows, MJ. 2013. On the roles of cell size and trophic strategy in North Atlantic diatom and dinoflagellate communities. Limnol. Oceanogr., 58(1), 2013, 254–266. doi:10.4319/lo.2013.58.1.0254)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/heterotrophy
  • High
    An elevated level or position or degree; greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25227
  • High (>160 lb N/acre/year)
    Plants with high nitrogen fixation. More than 160 lb nitrogen per acre per year fixed in monoculture.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/highNitrogenFixation
  • High (>59)
    The percentage of organic carbon divided by the percentage of total nitrogen in organic material is higher than 59.
    USDA Plants database. Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/highCNRatio
  • High calcium carbonate tolerance
    The plant has relatively high tolerance to calcareous soil. Calcareous soil is defined as soil containing sufficient free CaCO3 and other carbonates to effervesce visibly or audibly when treated with cold 0.1M HCl. These soils usually contain from 10 to almost 1000g/kg CaCO3 equivalent.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/calcareousSoilToleranceHigh
  • High intensity heat treatment
    Stimulated germination after exposure to high intensity heat treatment (>= 100ºC for >5min).
    BROT database, Traits: units and categories: Heat-Stimulated Germination (HeatStimGerm)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/heatStimGermHigh
  • High life span
    Increased life span: A life span which is relatively high.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001603
  • High tolerance
    increased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's increased ability to endure a stimulus.
    [database_cross_reference: PATOC:LC]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002393
  • Hind tarsus length
    The hind foot length, from heel to toe.
    Darrin Lunde
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HindTarsusLength
  • Holotype
    The one specimen or other element used or designated by the original author at the time of publication of the original description as the nomenclatural type of a species or infraspecific taxon. A holotype may be 'explicit' if it is clearly stated in the originating publication or 'implicit' if it is the single specimen proved to have been in the hands of the originating author when the description was published. [Zoo./Bot./Bio.]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Holotype
  • Home range
    The area within which everyday activities of an animal are typically restricted
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Home_range
  • Horticulture
    Horticulture is the art and science of the cultivation of plants
    http://sweet.jpl.nasa.gov/2.3/humanAgriculture.owl#Horticulture
  • Hosts
    provides some resource to a symbiont, either commensal, parasitic or mutualistic
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Host_(biology); http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symbiosis
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hosts
  • Human population density
    The human population density within the geographic range of a taxon.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HumanPopulationDensity
  • Human population density change
    Rate of increase in human population density within the geographic range of a species.
    Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648. http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HumanPopulationDensityChange
  • Human/livestock toxicity
    The relative toxicity of an organism to either humans or livestock.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HumanLivestockToxicity
  • Hydrochory
    Seed dispersal by water.
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hydrochory
  • Hyperparasitoid of
    this organism is a parasite of a known parasite of the target organism
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/hyperparasitoidOf

I

  • Iconotype
    A drawing or photograph (also called 'phototype') of a type specimen. Note: the term "iconotype" is not used in the ICBN, but implicit in, e. g., ICBN Art. 7 and 38. [Zoo./Bot.]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Iconotype
  • Identified By
    A list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations who assigned the Taxon to the subject.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identifiedBy
  • Immature
    A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's lacking complete growth, differentiation, or development.
    [database_cross_reference: Merriam-Webster:Merriam-Webster]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001501
  • In
    An inch (plural: inches; abbreviation or symbol: in or ″ – a double prime) is a unit of length in the imperial and United States customary systems of measurement. Historically an inch was also used in a number of other systems of units. Traditional standards for the exact length of an inch have varied in the past, but now the imperial or US customary inch is defined to be exactly 25.4 mm. There are 12 inches in a foot and therefore 36 inches in a yard.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Inch&oldid=585805187
    http://mimi.case.edu/ontologies/2009/1/UnitsOntology#inch
  • Increased object quality
    A quality of an object that has a value that is increased compared to normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002305
  • Increased osmolarity
    A osmolarity which is relatively high.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001657
  • Increased pressure
    A pressure which is relatively high.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001576
  • Increased quality
    A quality that has a value that is increased compared to normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002300
  • Increased temperature
    A temperature which is relatively high.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001305
  • Indeterminate
    Cannot distinguish between two or more possible values in the current context.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C48658
  • Indirect development
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/LDEV_I
  • Individual Count
    The number of individuals represented present at the time of the Occurrence.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/individualCount
  • Individuals
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/numberofindividuals
  • Individuals per square kilometer
    A unit of population density.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/individualspersquarekilometer
  • Infant
    An infant is the very young offspring of a human or animal.
    http://www.ebi.ac.uk/efo/EFO_0001355
  • Information Index for Selected Alien Plants in Hawaii
    Organism is listed in the Information Index for Selected Alien Plants in Hawai. USDI, Geological Survey. (20 October 2003). Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station. Makawao, Hawaii. http://www.hear.org/
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/alienPlantsInHawaii
  • Inguinal
    Descended but ascrotal testes, a derived condition in mammals.
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jeb.12373/full
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/inguinal
  • Initial mortality rate
    The initial mortality rate (IMR) represents the mortality rate independently of the ageing process. Though there are different methods, the IMR is typically estimated from the mortality rate prior to its exponential increase with age, which can be obtained from the mortality curve (by looking at the baseline mortality prior to its exponential increase) or, for mice, by using t = 0.25 in the Gompertz equation.
    From senescence.info. Human Ageing Genomic Resources (HAGR). Estimating the Rate of Ageing. http://genomics.senescence.info/software/demographic.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/InitialMortalityRate
  • Institution Code
    The name (or acronym) in use by the institution having custody of the object(s) or information referred to in the record.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/institutionCode
  • Integument
    integument differs between males and females. Includes the size, number, distribution or shape of cilia, scales, spines, hooks, bristles, feathers, hair, horns and teeth. Although not integmental structures, the antlers of mammals are included in this category because they are analogous in function to the sexually-selected horns and spines of other animals.
    Fairbairn DJ (2013) Data from: Odd couples: extraordinary differences between the sexes in the animal kingdom. Dryad Digital Repository. doi:10.5061/dryad.n48cm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/integumentDimorphic
  • Inter-birth interval
    The length of time between successive births of a female.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/InterBirthInterval
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecological_interaction
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecological_interaction
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
  • Internal fertilization
    fertilization takes place within the female's body
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Internal_fertilization
  • Intraovarian
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/OOG_INTRA
  • Introduced range includes
    Lists jurisdictions in which a given organism has been introduced recently.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/IntroducedRange
  • Intromission
    male genitalia are modified for intromission
    Fairbairn DJ (2013) Data from: Odd couples: extraordinary differences between the sexes in the animal kingdom. Dryad Digital Repository. doi:10.5061/dryad.n48cm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/intromission
  • Introsperm
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SPERM_INTRO
  • Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee
    Organism is listed in the Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee. http://www.tneppc.org/TNEPPC2004PlantList-8x11.pdf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seeppc
  • Invasive in
    Information about the jurisdictions where the taxon is considered to be an invasive organism due to its negative impact on human welfare or ecosystems.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/InvasiveRange
  • Invasive/noxious listings
    Indicates whether a taxon is listed on a global or regional list of invasive organisms or whether it has special legal status due to its negative impact on human welfare or ecosystems.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/InvasiveNoxiousStatus
  • Irregular
    Lacking perfect symmetry or evenness.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C63815
  • Is a small grain
    The plant is a small grain. A small grain is a cereal (as wheat, oats, barley, rye, rice) having relatively small kernels or sometimes a relatively small plant as distinguished from a plant (as corn) with large kernels or sometimes from a cereal (as sorghum) with a large plant but small kernels or from a similarly cultured and used seed (as soybean) with a relatively small plant and large seeds.
    http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/small%20grain
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/smallGrainYes
  • Is fall conspicuous
    The leaves or fruits are conspicuous during Autumn from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fallConspicuousYes
  • Is fire resistant
    Organism resists burning.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fireResistantYes
  • Is found on
    has been observed or reported in physical contact with
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/isFoundOn
  • Is not a small grain
    The plant is not a small grain. A small grain is a cereal (as wheat, oats, barley, rye, rice) having relatively small kernels or sometimes a relatively small plant as distinguished from a plant (as corn) with large kernels or sometimes from a cereal (as sorghum) with a large plant but small kernels or from a similarly cultured and used seed (as soybean) with a relatively small plant and large seeds.
    http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/small%20grain
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/smallGrainNo
  • Is not fall conspicuous
    The leaves or fruits are not conspicuous during Autumn from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fallConspicuousNo
  • Is not fire resistant
    Organism does not resist burning.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fireResistantNo
  • Isolectotype
    A duplicate of a lectotype, compare lectotype. [Bot.]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Isolectotype
  • Isoneotype
    A duplicate of a neotype, compare neotype. [Bot.]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Isoneotype
  • Isosyntype
    A duplicate of a syntype, compare isotype = duplicate of holotype. [Bot.]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Isosyntype
  • Isotype
    An isotype is any duplicate of the holotype (i. e. part of a single gathering made by a collector at one time, from which the holotype was derived); it is always a specimen (ICBN Art. 7). [Bot.]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Isotype
  • Iteroparous
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Iteroparous

J

  • January
    The first month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106180
  • July
    The seventh month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106186
  • June
    The sixth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106185
  • Juvenile
    A maturity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue the bearer's being not fully grown or developed.
    [database_cross_reference: thefreedictionary.com:thefreedictionary.com]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001190
  • Juvenile mobility
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/JMOB

K

  • Keep saturated with water
    Sow outdoors in containers without drainage holes and keep saturated with water.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationSaturate
  • Kelvin
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000012
  • Kg
    Kilograms. A mass unit which is equal to the mass of the International Prototype Kilogram kept by the BIPM at Svres, France.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000009
  • Km^2
    Square kilometre, symbol km^2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of surface area, the square metre, one of the SI derived units. 1 km^2 is equal to: 1,000,000 m^2, 100 ha (hectare) (Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Square_kilometre&oldid=566625931)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/squarekilometer
  • Known allelopath
    The organism has been shown to produce one or more compounds (allelochemicals) that influence the growth, survival, and reproduction of at least one other organism.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/allelopathyYes
  • Known marine species
    number of currently described and taxonomically accepted species in this clade (Appeltans et al. 2012. The Magnitude of Global Marine Species Diversity. Current Biology 22, 2189–2202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2012.09.036)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/KnownSpecies

L

  • Lacustrine plain
    A plain that originally formed in a lacustrine environment, that is, as the bed of a lake, but from which the water has disappeared, by natural drainage, evaporation or other geophysical processes.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000259
  • Lagoon
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/PHF_LAG
  • Lanceolate
    A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being shaped like a lance-head, considerably longer than wide, tapering towards the tip from below the middle; attached at the broad end.
    [database_cross_reference: PATOC:GVG]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001877
  • Large
    Of considerable or relatively great size, extent, or capacity.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49508
  • Large shrub
    Large shrub or small tree. Tall woody plant that under optimal conditions may reach arborescence structure.
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/largeShrub
  • Large to very large boulders
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SUBST_LB
  • Larval
    A maturity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's indirect development, undergoing metamorphosis.
    [database_cross_reference: Wikipedia:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larval]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001185
  • Larval development
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/LDEV
  • Larval mode of development
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/LM
  • Last Appearance (Older Bound)
    The older bound for the last appearance of this taxon in the fossil record, in Ma.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_lastapp_ea
  • Last Appearance (Younger Bound)
    The younger bound for the last appearance of this taxon in the fossil record, in Ma.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_lastapp_la
  • Late
    Being or occurring at an advanced period of time or after a usual or expected time.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C64998
  • Late adult stage
    Old adult
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0007222
  • Late April
    Near the end of the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lateApril
  • Late March
    Near the end of the third month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lateMarch
  • Late May
    Near the end of the fifth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lateMay
  • Late spring
    The late part of the season between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lateSpring
  • Late summer
    The late part of the season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lateSummer
  • Late winter
    The late part of the season between the winter solstice and the vernal equinox.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lateWinter
  • Latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
  • Latitude
    Latitude is a geographic coordinate which refers to the angle from a point on the Earth's surface to the equatorial plane
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000319
  • Lb
    The pound or pound-mass (lb) is a unit of mass used in the imperial, United States customary and other systems of measurement. A number of different definitions have been used, the most common today being the international avoirdupois pound which is legally defined as exactly 0.45359237 kilograms, and which is divided into 16 avoirdupois ounces.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pound_(mass)&oldid=581393690
    http://mimi.case.edu/ontologies/2009/1/UnitsOntology#US_pound
  • Leaf area
    A leaf anatomy and morphology trait (TO:0000748) which is associated with the total area of a leaf (PO:0025034).
    [database_cross_reference: POC:cooperl] [database_cross_reference: GR:pj] [database_cross_reference: PO:0025034]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000540
  • Leaf color
    A vascular leaf anatomy and morphology trait (TO:0000748) which is associated with the color of leaf (PO:0025034).
    [database_cross_reference: POC:cooperl] [database_cross_reference: GR:pj] [database_cross_reference: PO:0025034]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000326
  • Leaf shape
    A leaf anatomy and morphology trait (TO:0000748) which is associated with the variation in shapes and forms of a leaf (PO:0025034).
    [database_cross_reference: POC:cooperl] [database_cross_reference: GR:pj] [database_cross_reference: PO:0025034]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000492
  • Least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
  • Lecithotrophic
    Lecithotrophic larvae are provided with a source of nutrition to use during their dispersal, usually a yolk sac. They generally have greater dispersal potential than direct developers, but short pelagic larval durations relative to planktotrophic larvae.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marine_larval_ecology#Larval_development_strategies
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lecithotrophic
  • Lectotype
    A specimen or other element designated subsequent to the publication of the original description from the original material (syntypes or paratypes) to serve as nomenclatural type. Lectotype designation can occur only where no holotype was designated at the time of publication or if it is missing (ICBN Art. 7, ICZN Art. 74). [Zoo./Bot.] -- Note: the BioCode defines lectotype as selection from holotype material in cases where the holotype material contains more than one taxon [Bio.].
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Lectotype
  • Leg span
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leg_span
  • Lens Shaped
    A concave 3-D shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's shape form resembling the shape of a lens.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lensShape
  • Liana
    Climbing plant found in tropical forests with long, woody rope-like stems of anomalous anatomical structure.
    PLANTS Database Growth Habits Codes and Definitions: https://plants.usda.gov/growth_habits_def.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/liana
  • Lichenous
    Organism generally recognized as a single organism that consists of a fungus and an alga or cyanobacterium living in symbiotic association. Often attached to solid objects such as rocks or living or dead wood rather than soil.
    Modified from PLANTS Database Growth Habits Codes and Definitions: https://plants.usda.gov/growth_habits_def.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lichenous
  • Life cycle habit
    Determined for type of life cycle being annual, binneal, perennial etc.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0002725
  • Life span
    A time quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's expected maximum age.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000050
  • Life Stage
    The age class or life stage of the biological individual(s) at the time the Occurrence was recorded. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/lifeStage
  • Lifespan
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Longest_wild_lifespan
  • Light weight
    Decreased weight, low weight. A weight which is relatively low.
    [database_cross_reference: PATOC:GVG]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000583
  • Lignotuber
    A lignotuber is a woody swelling of the root crown possessed by some plants as a protection against destruction of the plant stem, such as by fire. The crown contains buds from which new stems may sprout, as well as stores of starch, that can support a period of growth in the absence of photosynthesis.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lignotuber&oldid=599916763
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lignotuber
  • Lignotuber or burl
    Woody swelling at or below ground level with unspecified origin (no distinction between lignotuber and burl is reported).
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lignotuberOrBurl
  • Limestone bluff
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/limestoneBluff
  • Limestone glade
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/limestoneGlade
  • Linear
    A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being narrow, with the two opposite margins parallel.
    [database_cross_reference: ISBN:0881923214]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001199
  • Litters per year
    Number of litters per female per year
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/LittersPerYear
  • Littoral glacial sand
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/littoralGlacialSand
  • Littoral vegetation
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/littoralVegetation
  • Littoral zone
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/littoralZone
  • Livestock bloat potential
    The relative potential of an herbaceous plant to cause bloat in livestock.
    USDA Plants database. Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/BloatPotential
  • Lobed
    A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being partly divided into a determinate number of regions.
    [database_cross_reference: ISBN:0881923214]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001979
  • Locality
    The specific description of the place. Less specific geographic information can be provided in other geographic terms (higherGeography, continent, country, stateProvince, county, municipality, waterBody, island, islandGroup). This term may contain information modified from the original to correct perceived errors or standardize the description.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locality
  • Location of parental care
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/PC
  • Locomotion
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Locomotion
  • Loess hill
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/loessHill
  • Log10
    The value has been transformed by a log10 function.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/log10
  • Log10 grams
    The metric unit of mass (gram) expressed on a logarithmic-scale (base 10).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/log10gram
  • Log10 km^2
    A decimal multiple of the SI unit of surface area, the square metre, expressed on a logarithmic-scale (base 10).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/log10km2
  • Log10 productivity
    The rate of production of reproductive biomass expressed as a log base 10.
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Log10Productivity
  • Long-persistent
    Of seed bank longevity. Seed bank longevity is at least > 15 yr.
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/longPersistentSeedBank
  • Longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
  • Longitude
    Longitude is a geographic position that refers to the angle east or west of a reference meridian between the two geographical poles to another meridian that passes through an arbitrary point.
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000318
  • Low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
  • Low (<23)
    The percentage of organic carbon divided by the percentage of total nitrogen in organic material is lower than 23.
    USDA Plants database. Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowCNRatio
  • Low (<85 lb N/acre/year)
    Plants with low nitrogen fixation. Less than 85 lb nitrogen per acre per year fixed in monoculture.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowNitrogenFixation
  • Low calcium carbonate tolerance
    The plant has relatively low tolerance to calcareous soil. Calcareous soil is defined as soil containing sufficient free CaCO3 and other carbonates to effervesce visibly or audibly when treated with cold 0.1M HCl. These soils usually contain from 10 to almost 1000g/kg CaCO3 equivalent.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/calcareousSoilToleranceLow
  • Low growing grass
    The growing point (terminal meristem) of the vegetative grass tiller remains either at or near the crown.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowGrowingGrassYes
  • Low intensity heat treatment
    The highest heat intensity that stimulates germination among those tested is low (<100ºC for <= 5min).
    BROT database, Traits: units and categories: Heat-Stimulated Germination (HeatStimGerm)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/heatStimGermLow
  • Low life span
    Decreased life span: A life span which is relatively low.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001604
  • Low salinity
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SAL_LOW
  • Low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    [database_cross_reference: PATOC:LC]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
  • Low woodland
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowWoodland
  • Lower confidence limit
    a data item which is a lowest value bounding a confidence interval
    http://bioportal.bioontology.org/ontologies/STATO/
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/STATO_0000315
  • Lowland freshwater river
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowlandFreshwaterRiver
  • Lunar cycle
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FAC_LUN

M

  • M
    Meters. A length unit which is equal to the length of the path traveled by light in vacuum during a time interval of 1/299 792 458 of a second.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000008
  • M^2
    An area unit which is equal to an area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 meter long
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000080
  • Macerate
    Macerate (mash) berries to remove skin and pulp (sieves work well).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationMacerate
  • Macrophytes
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/macrophytes
  • Maerl / coralligenous habitats
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/HAB_MAERL
  • Magenta
    A color consisting of red and blue hues. [database_cross_reference: Wikipedia:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magenta]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000321
  • Male
    A biological sex quality inhering in an individual or a population whose sex organs contain only male gametes.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000384
  • Male larger
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#male_larger
  • Male more colorful
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#male_more_colorful
  • March
    The third month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106182
  • Marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
  • Marine habitat (close to the coast)
    Marine habitat (close to the coast).
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/closeToCoast
  • Marine larval development strategy
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marine_larval_ecology#Larval_development_strategies
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/MarineLarvalDevelopmentStrategy
  • Marine pelagic biome
    The marine pelagic biome (pelagic meaning open sea) is that of the marine water column, from the surface to the greatest depths.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000023
  • Mash ripe berries
    Mash ripe berries in a sieve or colander and remove skin and pulp.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractMash
  • Maternally derived nutrition
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/LFT_M
  • Mature
    A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting complete growth, differentiation, or development.
    [database_cross_reference: Merriam-Webster:Merriam-Webster]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001701
  • Max
    a maximal value is largest value of an attribute for the entities in the defined set.
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_001114
  • May
    The fifth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106184
  • Mean
    a mean is the central tendency of a collection of numbers taken as the sum of the numbers divided by the size of the collection.
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_001109
  • Measurement
    A measurement is an information entity that is a recording of the output of a measurement such as produced by an instrument.
    http://www.ebi.ac.uk/efo/EFO_0001444
  • Measurement Accuracy
    The description of the potential error associated with the measurementValue.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementAccuracy
  • Measurement Determined By
    A list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations who determined the value of the MeasurementOrFact.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementDeterminedBy
  • Measurement Determined Date
    The date on which the MeasurementOrFact was made. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementDeterminedDate
  • Measurement Method
    A description of or reference to (publication, URI) the method or protocol used to determine the measurement, fact, characteristic, or assertion.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementMethod
  • Measurement Remarks
    Comments or notes accompanying the MeasurementOrFact.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementRemarks
  • Measurement Type
    The nature of the measurement, fact, characteristic, or assertion. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementType
  • Measurement Unit
    The units associated with the measurementValue. Recommended best practice is to use the International System of Units (SI).
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementUnit
  • Measurement Value
    The value of the measurement, fact, characteristic, or assertion.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementValue
  • Median
    a median is the numerical value separating the higher half of a sample, a population, or a probability distribution, from the lower half.
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_001110
  • Median
    The location of a structure that is at the mid point.
    Foundational Model of Anatomy Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FMA_74528
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
  • Medium (23 – 59)
    The percentage of organic carbon divided by the percentage of total nitrogen in organic material is 23–59.
    USDA Plants database. Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumCNRatio
  • Medium (85-160 lb N/acre/year)
    Plants with medium nitrogen fixation. 85-160 lb nitrogen per acre per year fixed in monoculture.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumNitrogenFixation
  • Medium (normal)
    Average. A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting no deviation from normal or average.
    [database_cross_reference: PATOC:GVG]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000461
  • Medium acidity
    A concentration quality inhering in a medium by virtue of the bearer's tendency to hydronate a specific reference base.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001428
  • Medium calcium carbonate tolerance
    The plant has medium tolerance to calcareous soil. Calcareous soil is defined as soil containing sufficient free CaCO3 and other carbonates to effervesce visibly or audibly when treated with cold 0.1M HCl. These soils usually contain from 10 to almost 1000g/kg CaCO3 equivalent.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/calcareousSoilToleranceMedium
  • Mesopelagic
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/DZP_MESO
  • Mesotrophic freshwater lake
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mesotrophicFreshwaterLake
  • Mesotrophic freshwater pond
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mesotrophicFreshwaterPond
  • Metabolic rate
    The amount of energy expended at rest
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Metabolic_rate
  • Metamorphosis volume
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Metamorphosis
  • Mg
    Milligram. A mass unit which is equal to one thousandth of a gram or 10^[-3] g
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000022
  • Micrograms per liter
    A mass unit density which is equal to mass of an object in micrograms divided by the volume in liters.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000301
  • Microphytobenthos
    The community of microscopic, unicellular eukaryotic algae (Baccilariophyceae, Chlorophyceae and Dinophyceae) and the prokaryotic Cyanobacteria which live on sediment surfaces. See Kiel, 2004. The microphytobenthos and its role in aquatic food webs. Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel http://epic.awi.de/11852/1/Abe2004e.pdf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/microphytobenthos
  • Mid April
    Near the middle of the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/midApril
  • Mid June
    Near the middle of the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/midJune
  • Mid May
    Near the middle of the fifth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/midMay
  • Mid spring
    The mid part of the season between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/midSpring
  • Mid summer
    The mid part of the season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/midSummer
  • Mid-persistent
    Of seed bank longevity. Seed bank longevity is at least > 5 yr (could be longer but it is unknown).
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/midPersistentSeedBank
  • Middle toe length
    length of the middle toe
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/MiddleToeLength
  • Midpoint altitude
    Elevation above sea level of the midpoint of the vertical range of an organism.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/MidpointAltitude
  • Midwest (MW)
    The U. S. Midwest. One of the 10 regional U.S. Army Corps of Engineers wetland delineation regions for the U.S. and its territories used by the National Wetland Plant List.
    Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241. http://rsgisias.crrel.usace.army.mil/NWPL/static/cfg/doc/pdl_2013_pub/National/NWPL_Phytoneuron_2013.pdf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_midwest
  • Migrations of adult
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/IDOMAL_0002084
  • Migratory
    Makes seasonal movements between breeding and wintering grounds
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Migratory
  • Migratorystatus
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#MigratoryStatus
  • Mild
    An intensity which is less than moderate in type or degree or effect or force.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000394
  • Millimeters per month
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/millimeterspermonth
  • Million years ago
    1 megaannum in the past. Megaannum, Ma. is a unit of time equal to one million (10^6) years.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/paleo_megaannum
  • Min
    a minimal value is smallest value of an attribute for the entities in the defined set.
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_001113
  • Mineralized tissue
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_4000013
  • Mixed
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SUBST_MIX
  • Mixosaline lagoon
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mixosalineLagoon
  • Mixotrophic
    Deriving energy from more than one category of energy source. eg: light energy and organic matter.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mixotrophy
  • Ml/hr O2
    Milliliters of oxygen per hour. A unit for metabolic rate.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mlO2perhour
  • Ml/l
    Milliliters per liter. A volume per unit volume unit which is equal to one millionth of a liter of solute in one liter of solution.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000207
  • Mm
    Millimeter. A length unit which is equal to one thousandth of a meter or 10^[-3] m
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000016
  • Mm Hg
    millimeters of mercury. A unit of pressure equal to the amount of fluid pressure one millimeter deep in mercury at zero degrees centigrade on Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000272
  • Mm^2
    An area unit which is equal to one millionth of a square meter or 10^[-6] m^[2]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000082
  • Mm^3
    An area unit which is equal to 10^-9 m^3.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/cubicMillimeter
  • Mode
    a mode is the value that appears most often in a set of data.
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_001111
  • Moderate
    An intensity which is less than extreme in type or degree or effect or force.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000395
  • Moderate
    Moderate rate. A rate which is neither relatively high nor low.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/moderateRate
  • Moderate intensity heat treatment
    The highest heat intensity that stimulates germination among those tested is moderate (<100ºC for > 5min or >= 100ºC for <= 5min).
    BROT database, Traits: units and categories: Heat-Stimulated Germination (HeatStimGerm)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/heatStimGermModerate
  • Moderate life span
    A life span which is neither relatively low nor relatively high.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/moderateLifeSpan
  • Moderately porous
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being incapable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices.
    cf. http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000973
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/moderatePorosity
  • Moist storage to avoid deep dormancy
    Deep dormancy if seed dries out. Store seed moist in the refrigerator.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationAvoidDeepDormancy
  • Moisture use
    Ability to use (i.e., remove) available soil moisture relative to other species in the same (or similar) soil moisture availability region.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/MoistureUse
  • Monoraphidioid
    A cell shape that approximates a monoraphidioid. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/monoraphidioid
  • Months
    A time unit which is approximately equal to the length of time of one of cycle of the moon's phases which in science is taken to be equal to 30 days.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000035
  • Mortality Rate Doubling Time
    The mortality rate doubling time (MRDT) is considered to be a measure of the rate of ageing. It is estimated from the slope of the Gompertz curve by: MRDT = 0.693/G where G is the exponential (Gompertz) mortality rate coefficient.
    From senescence.info. Human Ageing Genomic Resources (HAGR). Estimating the Rate of Ageing. http://genomics.senescence.info/software/demographic.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/MortalityRateDoublingTime
  • Moss
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/moss
  • Muddy gravel
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SUBST_MG
  • Muddy gravelly sand
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SUBST_MGS
  • Muddy sandy gravel
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SUBST_MSG
  • Multiple events / year
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FREQ_MULTI
  • Multiple stems
    Plant development by producing two or more stems. Examples: roundleaf dogwood (Cornus rugosa) and red huckleberry (Vaccinium parvifolium).
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/multipleStems
  • Muscular axial proboscis
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/STRUCT_MAP
  • Myrmecochory
    Seed dispersal by ants.
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/myrmecochory

N

  • Narrow
    A width which is relatively small.
    Phenotype and Trait Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000599
  • National Environmental Alert List (Australia)
    Organism is listed in the Australian National Environmental Alert List, a list of plant species that are in the early stages of establishment and have the potential to become a significant threat to biodiversity if they are not managed. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/weeds/lists/alert.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/australiaNationalEnvironmentalAlertList
  • Native range includes
    Lists jurisdictions in which a given organism is a member of the undisturbed fauna or flora.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NativeRange
  • Nauplius stage
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0014406
  • Near threatened
    A taxon is Near Threatened when it has been evaluated against the criteria but does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable now, but is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future.
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nearThreatened
  • Needs average soil moisture
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsAverageMoisture
  • Needs average to dry soils
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsAverageToDry
  • Needs average to wet soils
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsAverageToWet
  • Needs dry soil
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsDrySoil
  • Needs dry soils
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsDry
  • Needs dry to average soils
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsDryToAverage
  • Needs dry to wet soils
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsDryToWet
  • Needs good drainage
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsGoodDrainage
  • Needs partial shade
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsPartShade
  • Needs perfect drainage
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsPerfectDrainage
  • Needs rocky areas
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsRockyAreas
  • Needs rocky dry soil
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsRockyDrySoil
  • Needs shade
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsShade
  • Needs shade to partial shade
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsShadeToPartShade
  • Needs shade to partial sun
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsShadeToPartSun
  • Needs sun
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsSun
  • Needs sun to partial shade
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsSunToPartShade
  • Needs sun to shade
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsSunToShade
  • Needs well-drained rocky soil
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsWellDrainedRockySoil
  • Needs well-drained soil
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsWellDrainedSoil
  • Needs wet soils
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsWet
  • Needs wet to average soils
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsWetToAverage
  • Needs wet to dry soils
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/needsWetToDry
  • Neonatal
    A maturity quality inhering to a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being at the point or short after birth.
    [database_cross_reference: PATOC:GVG]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002206
  • Neonate stage
    Of or pertaining to the period of time immediately following birth, or to the newborn.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0007221
  • Neotype
    A specimen designated as nomenclatural type subsequent to the publication of the original description in cases where the original holotype, lectotype, all paratypes and syntypes are lost or destroyed, or suppressed by the (botanical or zoological) commission on nomenclature. In zoology also called "Standard specimen" or "Representative specimen". [Zoo./Bot./Bio.]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Neotype
  • Nest type
    The most common nest type used by a species.
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NestType
  • Nestling
    A young bird or other animal not yet old enough to leave the nest.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nestling
  • Newborn animal
    A neonate. A newborn infant who is only hours, days, or up to a few weeks old.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/0070-1441
  • Nitrogen fixation
    The process in which nitrogen is taken from its relatively inert molecular form (N2) in the atmosphere and converted into nitrogen compounds useful for other chemical processes, such as ammonia, nitrate and nitrogen dioxide.
    [database_cross_reference: Wikipedia:Nitrogen_fixation]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0009399
  • No
    This statement is false; the answer to this question is no.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/no
  • No berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
    The plant does not produce berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits that are palatable to humans.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/palatableHumansNo
  • No calcium carbonate tolerance
    The plant has no tolerance to calcareous soil. Calcareous soil is defined as soil containing sufficient free CaCO3 and other carbonates to effervesce visibly or audibly when treated with cold 0.1M HCl. These soils usually contain from 10 to almost 1000g/kg CaCO3 equivalent.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/calcareousSoilToleranceNone
  • No egg resorption
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RESORP_NO
  • No epitokous metamorphosis
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/EPKY_NO
  • No extraction necessary
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractNotNecessary
  • No known allelopathy
    There is no evidence that the organism produces compounds (allelochemicals) that influence the growth, survival, and reproduction of other organisms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/allelopathyUnknown
  • No known source
    The plant is not commercially available.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/noKnownSource
  • No parental care
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#No_parental_involvement
  • No sexual metamorphosis
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SM_NO
  • No species-specific song
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/noSpeciesSpecificSong
  • No stratification
    Seeds do not require stratification (simulation of winter conditions) for germination to occur.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/noStratification
  • No synchronized spawning
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SYNC_NO
  • No treatment
    No treatment necessary to get a minimum of 50% germination.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationNoTreatment
  • Nocturnal
    Active during the night
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Nocturnal
  • Nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
    An organism that is nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/activityCycleOther
  • Non-catastrophic
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/MV_NCAT
  • Non-displaced Cingulum
    A type of cingulum wherein both ends meet evenly on the ventral side of the cell. There is no displacement in either direction.
    Created by Anne Thessen
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/noDisplaceCingulum
  • Non-marine
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nonMarine
  • Non-migratory
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/MIGR_NO
  • Non-motile / semi-motile
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/MOB_SESS
  • Non-selective deposit feeder
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FEED_NSD
  • None
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/260413007
  • Nonmigratory
    Does not make seasonal movements between breeding and wintering grounds.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nonmigratory
  • Nonvascular
    Nonvascular, terrestrial green plant, including mosses, hornworts, and liverworts. Always herbaceous, often attached to solid objects such as rocks or living or dead wood rather than soil.
    PLANTS Database Growth Habits Codes and Definitions: https://plants.usda.gov/growth_habits_def.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nonvascular
  • North-facing limestone bluff
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/northFacingLimestoneBluff
  • Northcentral and Northeast (NCNE)
    The U. S. Northcentral and Northeast. One of the 10 regional U.S. Army Corps of Engineers wetland delineation regions for the U.S. and its territories used by the National Wetland Plant List.
    Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241. http://rsgisias.crrel.usace.army.mil/NWPL/static/cfg/doc/pdl_2013_pub/National/NWPL_Phytoneuron_2013.pdf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_northcentralandnortheast
  • Not a low growing grass
    The growing point (terminal meristem) of the vegetative grass tiller does not remain at or near the crown.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowGrowingGrassNo
  • Not a Type
    For specimens erroneously labelled as types an explicit negative statement may be desirable. [General]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#NotAType
  • Not adapted to coarse textured soils
    This plan cannot establish and grow in soil with a coarse textured surface layer. Includes: Sand, Coarse sand, Fine sand, Loamy coarse sand, Loamy fine sand, Loamy very fine sand, Very fine sand, Loamy sand.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html The soil texture classes are from the Soil Science Society of America, http://www.soils.org/. An NRCS team partitioned the soil textures into the three groups, coarse, medium, fine.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coarseSoilNo
  • Not adapted to fine textured soils
    This plan cannot establish and grow in soil with a fine textured surface layer. Includes: Sandy clay, Silty clay, Clay.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html The soil texture classes are from the Soil Science Society of America, http://www.soils.org/. An NRCS team partitioned the soil textures into the three groups, coarse, medium, fine.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fineSoilNo
  • Not adapted to medium textured soils
    This plan cannot establish and grow in soil with a medium textured surface layer. Includes: Silt, Sandy clay loam, Very fine sandy loam, Silty clay loam, Silt loam, Loam, Fine sandy loam, Sandy loam, Coarse sandy loam.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html The soil texture classes are from the Soil Science Society of America, http://www.soils.org/. An NRCS team partitioned the soil textures into the three groups, coarse, medium, fine.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumSoilNo
  • Not detected
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/260415000
  • Not ecosystem engineer
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RW_NO
  • Not evaluated
    A taxon is Not Evaluated when it has not yet been evaluated against the IUCN criteria.
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/notEvaluated
  • Not invasive in
    Information about the jurisdictions where the taxon is considered to be an invasive organism due to its negative impact on human welfare or ecosystems.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NonInvasiveRange
  • Not propogated by bare root
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as a bare root product.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBareRootNo
  • Not propogated by bulbs
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as bulbs.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBulbsNo
  • Not propogated by container
    This plant does not lend itself to being developed as a container product.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByContainerNo
  • Not propogated by corms
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as corms.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCormsNo
  • Not propogated by cuttings
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as either stem or root cuttings.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCuttingsNo
  • Not propogated by seed
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by seed.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySeedNo
  • Not propogated by sod
    This plant does not lend itself to being developed as a sod product.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySodNo
  • Not propogated by sprigs
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by sprigs.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySprigsNo
  • Not propogated by tubers
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by tubers.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByTubersNo
  • Not species complex
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/CPLX_NO
  • Not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
    This woody perennial is not suitable for the commercial production of either berries, nuts, or seeds. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/berryNutSeedNo
  • Not suitable as Christmas tree product
    The plant is not known to be suitable for the Christmas tree market.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/christmasTreeNo
  • Not suitable as lumber product
    The plant is not suitable, and has no potential, for use as a commercial lumber producer.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lumberNo
  • Not suitable as nursery stock product
    This plant is not suitable for production of nursery stock.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nurseryStockNo
  • Not suitable as post product
    The tree or shrub is not commonly used and does not have high potential for the production of posts, poles, mine timbers, or railroad ties. Plants other than trees and shrubs are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/postProductNo
  • Not suitable as pulpwood product
    The woody perennial is not commonly used and does not have high potential to be used for the production of pulpwood. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable" here by default.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/pulpwoodNo
  • Not suitable as veneer product
    The tree is not commonly used and does not have high potential to be used for commercial veneer or plywood. Plants other than trees are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/veneerNo
  • Not suitable for naval store products
    This woody perennial is not suitable for production of naval store products. Navel Store Products are defined as tar, pitch, turpentine, pine oil, rosin, and terpenes obtained from pine and other coniferous trees. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/navalStoreNo
  • Not suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
    The plant is not suitable for the coppice method of silviculture. Coppicing completely removes the canopy of woody plants, cutting them at or just above ground level.
    USDA PLANTS database. Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coppicePotentialNo
  • Not used as fodder product
    The plant is not known to be used as animal fodder material. The definition of fodder from the Crop Science Society of America is: Coarse grasses such as corn or sorghum harvested with the seed and leaves green or alive, then cured and fed in their entirety as forage.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fodderNo
  • November
    The eleventh month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106191
  • Noxious Weed List for Australian States and Territories
    Organism is listed in the Noxious Weed List for Australian States and Territories. Australian Weeds Committee. 2012. Noxious Weed List for Australian States and Territories. Version 26b.00. http://www.weeds.org.au/docs/weednet6.pdf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/australiaNoxiousWeed
  • Number of articles on EOL
    number of articles for taxa in this clade on EOL
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NumberArticlesInEOL
  • Number of DNA Records In GGBN
    number of DNA records in this clade in the Global Genome Biodiversity Network (GGBN) repository of genome quality tissues.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NumberDNARecordsInGGBN
  • Number of Genetic Transcripts
    Number of detected transcripts that match recognized genetic sequences from well known repositories such as GenBank, UniProt, etc.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/number_of_genetic_transcripts
  • Number of images on EOL
    number of images of taxa in this clade on EOL
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NumberImagesInEOL
  • Number of media on EOL
    number of images+videos+audio files of taxa in this clade on EOL
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NumberMediaInEOL
  • Number of new species decribed 1999-2008
    number of new species published between 1999 and 2008 (Appeltans et al. 2012. The Magnitude of Global Marine Species Diversity. Current Biology 22, 2189–2202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2012.09.036)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NewSpeciesDescribed1999to2008
  • Number of public records in BOLD
    number of records in this clade in the Barcode Of Life Database (BOLD)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NumberPublicRecordsInBOLD
  • Number of records in BOLD
    number of records for taxa in this clade in the Barcode of Life Database (BOLD)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NumberRecordsInBOLD
  • Number of records in GBIF
    number of records for taxa in this clade in the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NumberRecordsInGBIF
  • Number of references in BHL
    number of references to taxa in this clade in the Biodiversity Heritage Library
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NumberReferencesInBHL
  • Number of rich pages on EOL
    number of species in this clade with richness >= 0.4 on EOL
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NumberRichSpeciesPagesInEOL
  • Number of sequences in GenBank
    number of sequences for taxa in this clade in GenBank
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NumberOfSequencesInGenBank
  • Number of specimens in GGBN
    number of records in this clade in the Global Genome Biodiversity Network (GGBN) repository of genome quality tissues.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NumberSpecimensInGGBN
  • Numerous
    A qualitative quantity defined by the presence of more instances of the bearer than are easily counted.
    Anne Thessen
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/numerous

O

  • Oblate spheroid
    A spheroid quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting an equatorial diameter greater than its polar diameter.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000409
  • Obligate Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Almost always occur in wetlands.
    Lichvar, R.W. and Minkin, P. 2008. Concepts and procedures for updating the National Wetland Plant List. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Engineer Research and Development Center, Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory ERDC/CRREL TN-08-3, http://rsgisias.crrel.usace.army.mil/NWPL/static/cfg/doc/pdl_2013_pub/National/NWPL_Phytoneuron_2013.pdf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_obl
  • Occasionally breeds cooperatively
    The species has been known to breed cooperatively, with nonparents providing care.
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/occasionalCooperativeBreeding
  • Occurrence Remarks
    Comments or notes about the Occurrence.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceRemarks
  • Occurrence Status
    A statement about the presence or absence of a Taxon at a Location. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceStatus
  • Ochre
    A moderate yellow-orange to orange color.
    Phenotype and Trait Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001945
  • October
    The tenth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106189
  • Offshore seabed
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/PHF_OFF
  • Oligotrophic freshwater lake
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/oligotrophicFreshwaterLake
  • Omnivore
    An animal that mainly eats all kinds of things, including plants and animals.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Omnivore
  • Only female provides care
    Only the female feeds and nurtures offspring.
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parentalCareFemale
  • Only male provides care
    Only the male feeds and nurtures offspring
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parentalCareMale
  • Onset of fertility
    The age at which an organism develops the ability to produce live offspring.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0002683
  • Open coast
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/PHF_COAST
  • Open cup
    Nest type open cup not placed in a cavity.
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nestOpen
  • Open ground
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/openGround
  • Open water
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/openWater
  • Open woodland
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/openWoodland
  • Open-ended ventilation
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RW_OEV
  • Orange
    A color hue with high-medium wavelength that of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between red and yellow, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 585 to 620 nanometers.
    [database_cross_reference: Wikipedia:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orange]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000953
  • Orangish-red
    A color with a hue between that of red and orange, with a hue value between 0° and 30°.
    Wright C. and Seltmann, K.C. Color representation of blue flowers by Encyclopedia of Life content providers.The Biodiversity Data Journal (In prep) 2014
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/orangish-red
  • Orangish-yellow
    A color with a hue between that of yellow and orange.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/orangish-yellow
  • Organism can resorb all or part of eggs
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RESORP_YES
  • Organism is an ecosystem engineer
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RW_YES
  • Organism provides parental care
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/BP_YES
  • Organism undergoes epitokous metamorphosis
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/EPKY_YES
  • Organism undergoes sexual metamorphosis
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SM_YES
  • Organism undergoes synchronized spawning
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SYNC_YES
  • Ornamentation
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#ornamentation
  • Other
    Bud sources other than epicormic buds, apex, root crown, lignotuber, burl, rhizome, roots or storage organs, including those not clearly specified (e.g., stump).
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/otherBudSource
  • Outer ear length
    External ear (pinna) length is a standard measurement in mammalogy, usually measured in a living mammal or a fresh mammal carcass. External ear length is measured from the base of the notch at the bottom of the ear to the apex (highest point) of the ear.
    Kristofer Helgen
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/OuterEarLength
  • Outside microenvironment of the parent
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/PC_FAR
  • Oval
    Ovate: A spheroid quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting a continuous convex surface with an axis of symmetry and one axis longer than the other; egg-shaped.
    [database_cross_reference: PATOC:mc]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001891
  • Oval cylinder
    A cell shape that approximates an oval cylinder. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ovalCylinder
  • Oval cylinder-30%
    A cell shape that approximates a oval cylinder-30% volume. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ovalCylinder-30Percent
  • Overhangs
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/HAB_OH
  • Oviparous
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Oviparous
  • Oz
    An ounce (abbreviated oz) is usually the international avoirdupois ounce as used in the United States customary and British imperial systems, which is equal to one sixteenth of a pound or approximately 28 grams.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ounce&oldid=585840842
    http://mimi.case.edu/ontologies/2009/1/UnitsOntology#US_ounce

P

  • Pair provides care
    Both parents feed and nurture offspring.
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parentalCarePair
  • Paralectotype
    All of the specimens in the syntype series of a species or infraspecific taxon other than the lectotype itself. Also called "lectoparatype". [Zoo.]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Paralectotype
  • Parallelepiped
    A cell shape that approximates a parallelepiped. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parallelepiped
  • Parallelepiped-10%
    A cell shape that approximates a parallelepiped-10% volume. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parallelepiped-10Percent
  • Parallelepiped-20%
    A cell shape that approximates a parallelepiped-20% volume. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parallelepiped-20Percent
  • Parallelepiped-25%
    A cell shape that approximates a parallelepiped-25% volume. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parallelepiped-25Percent
  • Parallelepiped-30%
    A cell shape that approximates a parallelepiped-30% volume. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parallelepiped-30Percent
  • Parallelepiped-40%
    A cell shape that approximates a parallelepiped-40% volume. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parallelepiped-40Percent
  • Paraneotype
    All of the specimens in the syntype series of a species or infraspecific taxon other than the neotype itself. Also called "neoparatype". [Zoo.]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Paraneotype
  • Parasitizes
    non-mutual relationship between organisms of different species where one organism, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parasitism
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parasitizes
  • Paratype
    All of the specimens in the type series of a species or infraspecific taxon other than the holotype (and, in botany, isotypes). Paratypes must have been at the disposition of the author at the time when the original description was created and must have been designated and indicated in the publication. Judgment must be exercised on paratype status, for only rarely are specimens explicitly cited as paratypes, but usually as "specimens examined," "other material seen", etc. [Zoo./Bot.]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Paratype
  • Parental care
    Any behaviour pattern in which a parent invests time or energy in feeding and protecting its offspring.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Parental_investment
  • Parietal
    A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being very near or attached to a structural wall.
    Anne Thessen
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/parietal
  • Partial
    The right and left pelvic fins are partially divided, leaving the proximal innermost fin rays still fused.
    http://www.coralreeffish.com/gobiidae.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/partiallyDivided
  • Particulate organic matter
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/particulateOrganicMatter
  • Pastureland freshwater pond
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/pasturelandFreshwaterPond
  • Pattern of oogenesis
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/1138-4873
  • Pelagic
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/LM_P
  • Pelvic fin
    Form of the pelvic fin; may be fused, partially fused, or divided.
    http://www.coralreeffish.com/gobiidae.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PelvicFinForm
  • Pennate
    diatoms which are bilaterally symmetrical (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diatom#Classification)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/pennate
  • Per acre
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perAcre
  • Per day
    A frequency rate of occurrences of something within a period of time equal to twenty-four hours.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C66968
  • Per ounce
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perOunce
  • Per pound
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perPound
  • Per year
    A frequency rate of occurrences of something within a period of time equal to three hundred sixty-five days.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C74924
  • Percent
    A dimensionless ratio unit which denotes numbers as fractions of 100.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000187
  • Percent species currently described
    percent of all marine species in this clade that are currently described (estimate) (Appeltans et al. 2012. The Magnitude of Global Marine Species Diversity. Current Biology 22, 2189–2202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2012.09.036)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PercentSpeciesCurrentlyDescribed
  • Percent surveyed species not yet known to science
    percent of undescribed species in this clade, found in this survey (Appeltans et al. 2012. The Magnitude of Global Marine Species Diversity. Current Biology 22, 2189–2202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2012.09.036)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PercentSurveyedSpeciesNotYetKnownToScience
  • Percent synonyms
    percent of all marine species names in this clade that are considered subjective synonyms (Appeltans et al. 2012. The Magnitude of Global Marine Species Diversity. Current Biology 22, 2189–2202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2012.09.036)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PercentSynonyms
  • Perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012. Glossary: http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossaryi_p.html#perennial
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
  • Peripheral
    A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being at the edge or boundary of a related entity.
    Phenotype and Trait Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002107
  • Periphyton
    Periphyton is a complex mixture of algae, cyanobacteria, heterotrophic microbes, and detritus that are attached to submerged surfaces in most aquatic ecosystems
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/periphyton
  • Persistent
    Of seed bank longevity. Seeds do not germinate in the first favourable season after dispersal. Generally seed bank longevity is > 1 yr (could be longer but it is unknown).
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/persistentSeedBank
  • Pg
    picogram. A mass unit which is equal to 10^[-12] g
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000025
  • Phagocytosis
    An endocytosis process that results in the engulfment of external particulate material by phagocytes. The particles are initially contained within phagocytic vacuoles (phagosomes), which then fuse with primary lysosomes to effect digestion of the particles.
    from Gene Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0006909
  • Pheromones / hormones
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FAC_HOR
  • Photoautotrophic
    Deriving energy from light sources. In practice, taxa containing plastids and photosynthetic pigments, but with no evidence for consumption of organic particles or prey, are considered to be photoautotrophic. (Barton, AD, Finkel, ZV, Ward, BA, Johns, DG, Follows, MJ. 2013. On the roles of cell size and trophic strategy in North Atlantic diatom and dinoflagellate communities. Limnol. Oceanogr., 58(1), 2013, 254–266. doi:10.4319/lo.2013.58.1.0254)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/photoautotrophy
  • Photoperiod
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FAC_PHO
  • Physiographic feature
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/PHF
  • Planktonic algae
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/planktonicAlgae
  • Planktotrophic
    Planktotrophic species generally have fairly long pelagic larval durations and feed while in the water column. Consequentially, they have the potential to disperse long distances.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marine_larval_ecology#Larval_development_strategies
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/planktotrophic
  • Plant division
    The cutting of a multi-stemmed plant into clumps that are then replanted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationDivision
  • Plant growth habit
    The general growth form of a plant - its size and branching - also its woodiness. Some plants have different growth habits depending on environment or location, so a plant can have more than one value.
    Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012. Glossary: http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossarya_h.html#habit
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PlantHabit
  • Plant height
    A stature and vigor trait (TO:0000133) which is associated with the height of a whole plant (PO:0000003).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000207
  • Plant propagation method
    Methods used to produce new plants from a parent plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PropagationMethod
  • Plant spacing
    The space/row width needed by an individual plant in cultivation.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PlantSpacing
  • Plantation
    An intentional planting of a crop, on a large scale, usually for uses other than cereal production or pasture. The term is currently most often used for plantings of trees and shrubs. The term tends also to be used for plantings maintained on economic bases other than that of subsistence farming.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000117
  • Planting density
    Recommended minimum number of individual plants to plant per area.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PlantingDensity
  • Pointed
    A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's having a point.
    Phenotype and Trait Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002258
  • Polar
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000238
  • Pollinates
    moves pollen from the male anthers of a flower to the female stigma of a flower to accomplish fertilization.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pollinator
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/pollinates
  • Pond edge
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/pondEdge
  • Population group size
    Number of individuals in a group that spends the majority of their time in a 24 hour cycle together
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PopulationGroupSize
  • Population sex ratio
    http://www.ebi.ac.uk/efo/EFO_0004820
  • Population trend
    http://iucn.org/population_trend
  • Porous
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being capable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000984
  • Post-fire seedling emergence
    Seedling density per pre-fire mature individuals emerging during the first year after fire (seedlings/mature).
    BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories (SeedlEmerg), http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PostFireSeedlingEmergence
  • Post-fire seedling survival
    Proportion of seedlings surviving first dry season after fire.
    BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories (SeedlSurv), http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PostFireSeedlingSurvival
  • Posterior
    The opposite of anterior
    from the Spatial Reference Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BSPO_0000056
  • Postmedian
    A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being located in a position posterior of the center point.
    Anne Thessen
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/postMedian
  • Potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly PET (Potential Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere. Potential evapotranspiration (PET) is a representation of the environmental demand for evapotranspiration and represents the evapotranspiration rate of a short green crop, completely shading the ground, of uniform height and with adequate water status in the soil profile. It is a reflection of the energy available to evaporate water, and of the wind available to transport the water vapour from the ground up into the lower atmosphere.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Evapotranspiration&oldid=575637212
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PETinRange
  • Pouch young
    The offspring of a marsupial mammal during the pouch-bound phase of life.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/pouchYoung
  • Prairie
    An area of land of low topographic relief that historically supported grasses and herbs, with few trees, and having generally a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. Dominated by tall grasses (contrast steppe).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000260
  • Prairie swale
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/prairieSwale
  • Pre Median Location
    The location of a structure that is anterior relative to the mid point.
    Created by Anne Thessen
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/preMedian
  • Precipitation in geographic range
    Monthly precipitation within the geographic range of a taxon.
    Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648. http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationInRange
  • Precipitation tolerance
    Minimum tolerable rainfall (in inches), expressed as the average annual minimum precipitation that occurs 20% of the time (i.e., the probability of it being this dry in any given year is 20%) at the driest climate station within the known geographical range of the plant. geographical range of the plant. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationTolerance
  • Precocial
    Parent(s) provide neither food nor thermoregulation (e.g., pheasants and ducks).
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/precocial
  • Predator
    An organism which obtains food primarily by predation. Reid WDK, Wigham BD, McGill RAR, Polunin NVC (2012) Elucidating trophic pathways in benthic deep-sea assemblages of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge north and south of the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 463:89-103. doi:10.3354/meps09863
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/predator
  • Predator–scavenger
    An organism which obtains food primarily by predation +scavenging. Reid WDK, Wigham BD, McGill RAR, Polunin NVC (2012) Elucidating trophic pathways in benthic deep-sea assemblages of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge north and south of the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 463:89-103. doi:10.3354/meps09863
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/predatorScavenger
  • Prefers acid soil
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/prefersAcidSoil
  • Prefers dry acid soil
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/prefersDryAcidSoil
  • Prefers limestone soil
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/prefersLimestoneSoil
  • Prefers rocky acid soil
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/prefersRockyAcidSoil
  • Prefers rocky soil
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/prefersRockySoil
  • Prefers sandy soil
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/prefersSandySoil
  • Prefers well-drained soil
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/prefersWellDrainedSoil
  • Prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
  • Preparations
    A list (concatenated and separated) of preparations and preservation methods for a specimen.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/preparations
  • Prepupal
    A maturity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being in an inactive stage in the development of some insects, between the larval and the pupal stages.
    [database_cross_reference: WordNet:WordNet]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001188
  • Present
    A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's existence.
    Phenotype and Trait Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000467
  • Preys upon
    consumes for energetic or other nutritional needs (object of consumption is an organism)
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Predator
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/preysUpon
  • Preys upon or scavenges vertebrates
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/vertFishScav
  • Primary Diet
    Type of food comprising the majority of the diet of an animal.
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrimaryDiet
  • Primary growth form
    The primary growth form on the landscape in relation to soil stabilization on slopes and streamsides. Each plant species is assigned the single growth form that most enhances its ability to stabilize soil.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrimaryGrowthForm
  • Primary macronutrient requirements
    The relative level of nutrition (N, P, K) required by a plant for normal growth and development.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrimaryMacronutrientRequirements
  • Prism on elliptic base
    A cell shape that approximates a prism on an elliptic base. Sun, J. and Liu, D. 2003. Geometric models for calculating cell biovolume and surface area for phytoplankton, J. Plankton Res., 25, 1331–1346, doi:10.1093/plankt/fbg096, Table II
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/prismOnEllipticBase
  • Prism on parallelo-gram base
    A cell shape that approximates a prism on a parallelo-gram base. Sun, J. and Liu, D. 2003. Geometric models for calculating cell biovolume and surface area for phytoplankton, J. Plankton Res., 25, 1331–1346, doi:10.1093/plankt/fbg096, Table II
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/prismOnParallelogramBase
  • Prism on triangle base
    A cell shape that approximates a prism on triangle base, (girdle view, triangle height not visible). Sun, J. and Liu, D. 2003. Geometric models for calculating cell biovolume and surface area for phytoplankton, J. Plankton Res., 25, 1331–1346, doi:10.1093/plankt/fbg096, Table II
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/prismOnTriangleBaseGirdleView
  • Prism on triangle base
    A cell shape approximating a prism on a triangle base. Sun, J. and Liu, D. 2003. Geometric models for calculating cell biovolume and surface area for phytoplankton, J. Plankton Res., 25, 1331–1346, doi:10.1093/plankt/fbg096, Table II
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/prismOnTriangleBase
  • Probably introduced range includes
    Lists jurisdictions in which a given organism has probably been introduced recently.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ProbablyIntroducedRange
  • Probably native range includes
    Lists jurisdictions in which a given organism is probably a member of the undisturbed fauna or flora.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ProbablyNativeRange
  • Probably waif range
    Lists jurisdictions where a given organism is probably an ephemeral introduction, not persistently naturalized
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ProbablyWaifRange
  • Procumbent
    Growing horizontal to the ground without setting roots.
    [database_cross_reference: PATO:PG]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002389
  • Prolate spheroid
    A cell shape that approximates a prolate spheroid. (see Hillebrand, H., Dürselen, C.-D., Kirschtel, D., Pollingher, U. and Zohary, T. (1999), BIOVOLUME CALCULATION FOR PELAGIC AND BENTHIC MICROALGAE. Journal of Phycology, 35: 403–424. doi: 10.1046/j.1529-8817.1999.3520403.x)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/prolateSpheroid
  • Prolonged dry seed storage
    Seed stores for several years dry.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationDryStorageProlonged
  • Propagule
    The dispersal unit for sexual regeneration.
    BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories (Propagule), http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm;
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Propagule
  • Propogated by bare root
    It is practical to propagate this plant as a bare root product.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBareRootYes
  • Propogated by bulbs
    It is practical to propagate this plant as bulbs.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBulbsYes
  • Propogated by container
    This plant lends itself to being developed as a container product.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByContainerYes
  • Propogated by corms
    It is practical to propagate this plant as corms.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCormsYes
  • Propogated by cuttings
    It is practical to propagate this plant as either stem or root cuttings.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCuttingsYes
  • Propogated by seed
    It is practical to propagate this plant by seed.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySeedYes
  • Propogated by sod
    This plant lends itself to being developed as a sod product.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySodYes
  • Propogated by sprigs
    It is practical to propagate this plant by sprigs.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySprigsYes
  • Propogated by tubers
    It is practical to propagate this plant by tubers.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByTubersYes
  • Prostrate
    A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being stretched out and lying at full length along the ground.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000631
  • Protandrous
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Protandrous
  • Protein potential
    The relative protein content of the plant parts that are grazed or browsed by animals.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ProteinPotential
  • Protogynous
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Protogynous
  • Protruding Sulcus
    A state of the sulcus wherein it protrudes into the epicone instead of remaining solely in the hypocone.
    Created by Anne Thessen
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/protrudingSulcus
  • Psu
    Practical Salinity Units. The conductivity ratio of a sea water sample to a standard KCl solution. Used to represent salinity.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salinity#Definitions
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/practicalSalinityUnits
  • Pup
    One of the young of various animals; as a seal or rat or a dog.
    [database_cross_reference: From Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary at www.Merriam-Webster.com:http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/pup]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0004377
  • Pupal
    A maturity quality inhering in a insect by virtue of the bearer's being in the chrysalis (cocoon) or post larval stage.
    [database_cross_reference: WordNet:WordNet]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001187
  • Purple
    A color that falls about midway between red and blue in hue.
    [database_cross_reference: Dictionary:http://dictionary.reference.com/]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000951
  • Purplish-blue
    A color with a hue between that of purple and blue, with a hue value between 240° and 300°.
    Wright C. and Seltmann, K.C. Color representation of blue flowers by Encyclopedia of Life content providers.The Biodiversity Data Journal (In prep) 2014
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/purplish-blue
  • Purplish-red
    A color with a hue between that of purple and red, with a hue value between 300° and 360°.
    Wright C. and Seltmann, K.C. Color representation of blue flowers by Encyclopedia of Life content providers.The Biodiversity Data Journal (In prep) 2014
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/purplish-red

Q

R

  • Radioactive
    A radiation quality inhering in bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting or being caused by radioactivity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001741
  • Range midpoint latitude
    The angular distance, north or south of the earth's equator, of the midpoint of the known geographic range of an organism.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/RangeMidpointLatitude
  • Rarely fruits or poor seed production
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractPoor
  • Reared from
    this organism has emerged from the associate in controlled conditions
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/rearedFrom
  • Recorded By
    A list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations responsible for recording the original Occurrence. The primary collector or observer, especially one who applies a personal identifier (recordNumber), should be listed first.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/recordedBy
  • Records in BOLD?
    this clade is represented by geo-referenced data in the Barcode of Life Database (BOLD)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/RecordInBOLD
  • Records in GBIF?
    this clade is represented by geo-referenced data in the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/RecordInGBIF
  • Rectangular box
    A cell shape approximating a rectangular box. Sun, J. and Liu, D. 2003. Geometric models for calculating cell biovolume and surface area for phytoplankton, J. Plankton Res., 25, 1331–1346, doi:10.1093/plankt/fbg096, Table II
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/rectangularBox
  • Red
    A color hue with high wavelength of the long-wave end of the visible spectrum, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 630 to 750 nanometers.
    [database_cross_reference: Dictionary:http://dictionary.reference.com/]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000322
  • Reddish-orange
    A color with a hue between that of red and orange, with a hue value between 0° and 30°.
    Wright C. and Seltmann, K.C. Color representation of blue flowers by Encyclopedia of Life content providers.The Biodiversity Data Journal (In prep) 2014
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/reddish-orange
  • Reddish-purple
    A color with a hue between that of red and purple, with a hue value between 300° and 360°.
    Wright C. and Seltmann, K.C. Color representation of blue flowers by Encyclopedia of Life content providers.The Biodiversity Data Journal (In prep) 2014
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/reddish-purple
  • Reduced salinity
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SAL_RCD
  • References in BHL?
    this clade is represented in the literature in the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ReferenceInBHL
  • Refrigerate
    Immediately after cleaning store seeds moist in a refrigerator until sowing outside or sowing in container.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationRefrigerate
  • Regenerator
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RW_REG
  • Reproduction
    The production of new individuals that contain some portion of genetic material inherited from one or more parent organisms
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0000003
  • Reproduction strategy of the individual
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/STRAT
  • Reproduction temperature
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RT
  • Reproductive Condition
    The reproductive condition of the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/reproductiveCondition
  • Resorption of eggs
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RESORP
  • Resprout ability after clipping
    The ability of woody perennials to resprout following top (above ground biomass) removal.
    BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories (RespClip), http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields (Resprout Ability). http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ResproutAbility
  • Resprout ability after clipping
    The ability of woody perennials to resprout following top (above ground biomass) removal.
    BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories (RespClip), http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields (Resprout Ability). http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/RespClip
  • Resprout ability after disturbance
    Resprouting ability after an undefined disturbance that removed most of the aboveground biomass.
    BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories (RespDist), http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/RespDist
  • Resprout ability after fire
    Resprouting ability one year after being ca. 100% scorched or burned by fire.
    BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories (RespFire), http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm;
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/RespFire
  • Rhizomatous
    Plant development by the production of rhizomes which give rise to vegetative spread.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/rhizomatous
  • Rhizome
    A swollen shoot axis that grows horizontally at or below the substrate surface and produces shoots above and roots or rhizoids below.
    [database_cross_reference: POC:curators]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0004542
  • Rhizomes or roots
    Rhizomes, roots or both (specific bud source is unknown)
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/rhizomesOrRoots
  • Rich EOL page?
    at least one page in this clade with richness>=0.4 on eol
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/RichPageOnEOL
  • Rich woodland
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/richWoodland
  • Riparian wetland
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/riparianWetland
  • River bank
    The sloping margin of a river, serving to confine it to its natural channel.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000143
  • River bottom
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/riverBottom
  • Roadside
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/roadside
  • Rocky woodland
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/rockyWoodland
  • Rod Shaped
    A convex 3-D shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting a consistently-sized round cross section.
    Phenotype and Trait Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001873
  • Root
    A plant axis (PO:0025004) that is part of a root system (PO:0025025).
    [database_cross_reference: POC:curators]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0009005
  • Root crown
    A root crown, also known as the root collar or root neck, is that part of a root system from which a stem arises.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Root_crown&oldid=545689803
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/rootCrown
  • Rooting depth
    It is calculated from the deepest soil layer where roots were present and the longest root measured in the layer.
    [database_cross_reference: GR:pj] [database_cross_reference: PMID:12582650]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000519
  • Rotational ellipsoid
    A cell shape that approximates a rotational ellipsoid. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/rotationalEllipsoid
  • Rotational ellipsoid x 0.5
    A cell shape that approximates a rotational ellipsoid x 0.5 volume. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/rotationalEllipsoidX0.5
  • Rotational ellipsoid-20%
    A cell shape that approximates a rotational ellipsoid-20% volume. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/rotationalEllipsoid-20Percent
  • Rough
    A texture quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's irregular surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000700
  • Rounded
    Subcircular: A circular shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being nearly, but not perfectly, circular.
    [database_cross_reference: PATOC:AD]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002397
  • Routinely available
    The plant is routinely available commercially.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/routinelyAvailable

S

  • Salinity
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FAC_SAL
  • Salt tolerance
    Tolerance to the high salt content in the growth medium.
    [database_cross_reference: GR:pj]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0006001
  • Sample Size
    The size of the sample upon which a measurement is based.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SampleSize
  • Sample_size
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#Sample_Size
  • Sampling Effort
    The amount of effort expended during an Event.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/samplingEffort
  • Sampling Protocol
    The name of, reference to, or description of the method or protocol used during an Event.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/samplingProtocol
  • Sand
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SETTL_SAND
  • Sand prairie
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/sandPrairie
  • Sand seed
    Sand seed between two sheets of sandpaper to remove hull.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractSand
  • Sandy gravel
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SUBST_SG
  • Sandy gravelly mud
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SUBST_SGM
  • Sandy mud
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SUBST_MS
  • Sapling
    A young tree; specifically: one not over four inches in diameter at breast height.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0001597
  • Scale-like
    A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's shape resemling a scale.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/scaleLike
  • Scarification
    Scarification is the cutting of the seed coat using abrasion, thermal stress, or chemicals to aid germination
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/germinationScarification
  • Scarify and soak
    Scarify seed then pour boiling water over seed and let soak for 24 hours.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationScarifySoak
  • Scavenger
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Scavenger
  • Scrotal
    Testes are located outside of the body, suspended by the spermatic cord within the scrotum.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Testicle#External_testes
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/scrotal
  • Seagrasses
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SOC_PHAN
  • Secondary Type
    A referred, described, measured or figured specimen in the original publication (including a neo/lectotypification publication) that is not a primary type. [Zoo.]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#SecondaryType
  • Seed
    A multi-tissue plant structure (PO:0025496) that develops from a plant ovule (PO:0020003) and has as parts a plant embryo (PO:0009009) enclosed in a seed coat (PO:0009088).
    [database_cross_reference: POC:curators]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0009010
  • Seed bank
    Location of persistent seed bank (longevity > 1 yr).
    BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories (SeedBank), http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedBank
  • Seed bank longevity
    Period during which seeds remain viable in the (soil or canopy) seed bank.
    BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories, http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedBankLongevity
  • Seed hoarding
    Seed dispersal via scattering and hoarding of propagules by animals (other than ants).
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedHoarding
  • Seed mass
    The dry weight of seeds (including some single-fruited seeds such as achenes or caryopsis).
    BROT trait database. Traits: units and categories (SeedMass), http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm;
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedMass
  • Seed per unit
    The number of seeds per unit in an average seed lot.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedPerUnit
  • Seed period begin
    Season in which the earliest fruit or seed of the fruit/seed period is visually obvious.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedPeriodBegin
  • Seed period end
    Season in which the latest fruit or seed of the fruit/seed period is visually obvious.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedPeriodEnd
  • Seed ripening date
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedRipeningDate
  • Seed spread rate
    The capability of the plant to spread through its seed production compared to other species with the same growth habit.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedSpreadRate
  • Seed/spore extraction
    Recommended methods for extracting seeds or spores for plant propagation.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedSporeExtraction
  • Seedling survival
    The expected seedling survival percentage of the plant compared to other species with the same growth habit.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedlingSurvival
  • Seeds per pound
    The number of seeds per pound in an average seed lot.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeedPerPound
  • Selective deposit feeder
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FEED_SD
  • Semelparous
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Semelparous
  • Semi-erect
    A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being partially upright in position or posture.
    [database_cross_reference: PATOC:GVG]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002260
  • Semiprecocial
    Parent(s) provide food but not thermoregulation (e.g., gulls and terns).
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/semiprecocial
  • September
    The ninth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106188
  • Sequences in GenBank?
    this clade is represented by gene sequences in GenBank
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SequenceInGenBank
  • Sequential hermaphrodite
    Some members of this lineage are sequential hermaphrodites; they are born as one sex, but can later change into the opposite sex.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Sequential_hermaphrodite
  • Severe
    An intensity which is extremely bad or unpleasant in type or degree or effect or force.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000396
  • Sex
    The sex of the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/sex
  • Sexes colored or patterned differently
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Sexes_colored_or_patterned_differently
  • Sexes shaped differently
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Sexes_shaped_differently
  • Sexual metamorphosis
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SM
  • Shade tolerance
    The relative tolerance of the plant to shade conditions
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ShadeTolerance
  • Shape
    A morphological quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's ratios of distances between its features (points, edges, surfaces and also holes etc).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000052
  • Shatter, rub, or beat soft dry fruit
    Shatter soft dry fruit by hand or rub against coarse screen or beat with a rake or broom.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractSoft
  • Shedability
    An organismal quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's disposition to lose an entitity by natural process.
    [database_cross_reference: PATOC:GVG]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001729
  • Shell height, Bivalve
    Height (shorter dimension in the plane of the valve) of the shell of a Bivalve.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ShellHeightBivalve
  • Shell length, Bivalve
    Length (longest dimension) of the shell of a Bivalve.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ShellLengthBivalve
  • Sheltered nest
    The nest is placed in sheltered locations, such as caves or under ledges, that are not true cavities.
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/shelteredNest
  • Shoot apex
    A shoot axis that is the most distal part of a shoot system and has as parts a shoot apical meristem and the youngest leaf primordia.
    [database_cross_reference: POC:curators]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0000037
  • Shoot:root ratio (SRR)
    The quotient of the dry weight of the shoots produced during a given growth period divided by the dry weight of the roots esp. for crop plants.
    http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/shoot-root%20ratio
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ShootRootRatio
  • Short-lived perennial
    A perennial plant that lives only a few years, as opposed to long-lived perennials that persist for many years or even decades.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/shortLivedPerennial
  • Short-persistent
    Of seed bank longevity. Seed bank longevity is > 1 and <= 5 yr.
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/shortPersistentSeedBank
  • Shrub
    Perennial, multi-stemmed woody plant that is usually less than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height. Shrubs typically have several stems arising from or near the ground, but may be taller than 5 meters or single-stemmed under certain environmental conditions.
    PLANTS Database Growth Habits Codes and Definitions: https://plants.usda.gov/growth_habits_def.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/shrub
  • Sickle-shaped prism
    A cell shape that approximates a sickle-shaped prism. Sun, J. and Liu, D. 2003. Geometric models for calculating cell biovolume and surface area for phytoplankton, J. Plankton Res., 25, 1331–1346, doi:10.1093/plankt/fbg096, Table II
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/sickleShapedPrism
  • Simple axial proboscis
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/STRUCT_SAP
  • Simultaneous hermaphrodite
    Some members of this lineage are simultaneous hermaphrodites; a condition of hermaphroditic animals (and plants) in which the reproductive organs of both sexes are present and functional at the same time.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Simultaneous_hermaphrodite
  • Simultaneous hermaphrodite
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/REP_SIM
  • Single crown
    A herbaceous plant that develops one persistent base.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/singleCrown
  • Single stem
    Plant development by the production of one stem. Examples: corn (Zea mays) and American beech (Fagus grandifolia).
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/singleStem
  • Slow
    Decreased rate. A rate which is relatively low.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000911
  • Small
    Limited in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25376
  • Small boulders
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SUBST_SB
  • Smooth
    A texture quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's processing a surface free of roughness or irregularities.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000701
  • Soak
    Pour boiling water over seed and let soak for 24 hours.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationSoak
  • Soak and cold moist stratification
    Pour boiling water over seed and let soak for 24 hours and cold moist stratification in refrigerator in a plastic freezer bag.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationSoakStrat
  • Soaking
    Seeds may be soaked in liquid to aid germination.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/germinationSoak
  • Social group
    members of social groups contribute to parental care
    Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/socialGroupCare
  • Social group size
    Number of individuals in a group that spends the majority of their time in a 24 hour cycle together where there is some indication that these individuals form a social cohesive unit.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SocialGroupSize
  • Soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
  • Soil depth
    The minimum depth of soil required for good growth. Plants that do not have roots such as rootless aquatic plants (floating or submerged) and epiphytes are assigned a minimum root depth value of zero.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilDepth
  • Soil pH
    The soil pH, of the top 12 inches of soil, within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilPH
  • Soil requirements
    The soil requirements (texture, moisture, chemistry) needed for a plant to establish and grow.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilRequirements
  • Song absent
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/songAbsent
  • Song present
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/songPresent
  • Source
    A related resource from which the described resource is derived.
    http://purl.org/dc/terms/source
  • Sow early in greenhouse
    The plant develops slowly in greenhouse production. Sow early in the season.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationEarlyGreenhouse
  • Sow in container or outside
    Sow seed immediately in container and keep watered outside or sow outside.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationContainerOutside
  • Sow late in greenhouse
    The plant develops rapidly in greenhouse production. Sow late in the season.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationLateGreenhouse
  • Sow on soil surface
    Seeds require sunlight to germinate (sow seed on surface).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationSurface
  • Sow outside
    Parasitic plant. Sow directly in garden or in nature.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationParasitic
  • Sow outside in soil
    Sow outside immediately in soil and label or sow in container.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationOutside
  • Spawning frequency of the population
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FREQ
  • Species is within a complex
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/CPLX_YES
  • Specimens in GGBN?
    this clade is represented by specimens in the Global Genome Biodiversity Network (GGBN)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SpecimensInGGBN
  • Sperm type
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SPERM
  • Sphere
    A spheroid quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's resembling a ball (a sphere whose equatorial diameter is equal to the polar diameter).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001499
  • Sphere-10%
    A cell shape that approximates a sphere-10% volume. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/sphere-10Percent
  • Sphere-20%
    A cell shape that approximates a sphere-20% of volume. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/sphere-20Percent
  • Sphere-25%
    A cell shape that approximates a sphere-25%volume. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/sphere-25Percent
  • Spheres
    A cell shape that approximates multiple spheres. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/spheres
  • Spine leaf
    A leaf that is a sclerified and pointed and lacks a lamina.
    [database_cross_reference: POC:curators]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0025173
  • Spines, first dorsal fin
    Number of spines in the first dorsal fin
    http://www.coralreeffish.com/gobiidae.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/NumberOfSpinesFirstDorsalFin
  • Spores
    Propagation by spores.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationSpores
  • Spring
    The season between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94731
  • Spring and autumn
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/springAndAutumn
  • Spring and summer
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/springAndSummer
  • Spring branch
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/springBranch
  • Spring, summer, and autumn
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/springSummerAndAutumn
  • Standard deviation
    a standard deviation (represented by the symbol σ) is the quantity of variation from the average (mean, or expected value).
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000770
  • Standard error
    A quantitative confidence value which is the standard deviations of the sample in a frequency distribution, obtained by dividing the standard deviation by the total number of cases in the frequency distribution.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBI_0000235
  • Standard_deviation
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#Standard_Deviation
  • Statistical Method
    The method which was used to process an aggregate of values.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/statisticalMethod
  • Sterile
    A fertility quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being incapable of initiating, sustaining, or supporting reproduction.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000956
  • Stillborn
    An animal is stillborn when the fetus has died in the uterus.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/stillborn
  • Stoloniferous
    Plant development by the production of stolons which give rise to vegetative spread.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/stoloniferous
  • Storage organ
    [non-woody storage organs, normally modified stems as bulbs, corms or tubers]
    [http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/MAT_0000366
  • Straight
    A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being free of curves, bends, or angles.
    Phenotype and Trait Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002180
  • Straight Sulcus
    A state of the sulcus wherein it does not protrude into the epicone and remains solely in the hypocone
    Created by Anne Thessen
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/straightSulcus
  • Strandline
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/HAB_STRAND
  • Stream bank
    The sloping margin of a stream, serving to confine it to its natural channel.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000142
  • Subadult
    An animal in the process of transforming from the juvenile stage to full maturity.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/subadult
  • Subalpine freshwater impoundment
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/subalpineFreshwaterImpoundment
  • Subalpine freshwater lake
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/subalpineFreshwaterLake
  • Sublittoral zone (down to 200m)
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/DZ_SUB
  • Submergence tolerance
    Measure of tolerance of a plant to submergence condition.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000524
  • Subpolar
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/subpolar
  • Subshrub
    Low-growing shrub usually under 0.5 m (1.5 feet) tall, never exceeding 1 meter (3 feet) tall at maturity.
    PLANTS Database Growth Habits Codes and Definitions: https://plants.usda.gov/growth_habits_def.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/subshrub
  • Substrate type
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SUBST
  • Substrate type of settlement
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SETTL
  • Subtropical
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000205
  • Succulent
    A fleshy, juicy, swollen plant or plant structure.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/succulent
  • Suffrutescent
    of habit, a plant with a herbaceous upper part and woody lower part.
    http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/top/glossaryq_z.html#S
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/suffrutescent
  • Suitable as berry/nut/seed product
    This woody perennial is suitable for the commercial production of either berries, nuts, or seeds. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/berryNutSeedYes
  • Suitable as Christmas tree product
    The plant is known to be suitable for the Christmas tree market.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/christmasTreeYes
  • Suitable as lumber product
    The plant is suitable, or has potential, for use as a commercial lumber producer.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lumberYes
  • Suitable as nursery stock product
    This plant is suitable for production of nursery stock.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nurseryStockYes
  • Suitable as post product
    The tree or shrub is commonly used or has high potential for the production of posts, poles, mine timbers, or railroad ties. Plants other than trees and shrubs are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/postProductYes
  • Suitable as pulpwood product
    The woody perennial is commonly used or has high potential to be used for the production of pulpwood. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable" here by default.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/pulpwoodYes
  • Suitable as veneer product
    The tree is commonly used or has high potential to be used for commercial veneer or plywood. Plants other than trees are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/veneerYes
  • Suitable for naval store products
    This woody perennial is suitable for production of naval store products. Navel Store Products are defined as tar, pitch, turpentine, pine oil, rosin, and terpenes obtained from pine and other coniferous trees. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/navalStoreYes
  • Suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
    The plant is suitable for the coppice method of silviculture. Coppicing completely removes the canopy of woody plants, cutting them at or just above ground level.
    USDA PLANTS database. Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coppicePotentialYes
  • Summer
    The season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94732
  • Summer and autumn
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/summerAndAutumn
  • Supplementary Type
    A referred, described, measured or figured specimen in a revision of a previously described taxon. [Zoo.]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#SupplementaryType
  • Supralittoral zone
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/DZ_SUP
  • Surface deposit feeder
    An organism which obtains food primarily by surface deposit feeding. Reid WDK, Wigham BD, McGill RAR, Polunin NVC (2012) Elucidating trophic pathways in benthic deep-sea assemblages of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge north and south of the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 463:89-103. doi:10.3354/meps09863
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/surfaceDepositFeeder
  • Survival salinity
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MSH/D054712
  • Survival temperature
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/TEMP
  • Suspension feeder
    An organism which obtains food primarily by suspension feeding. Reid WDK, Wigham BD, McGill RAR, Polunin NVC (2012) Elucidating trophic pathways in benthic deep-sea assemblages of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge north and south of the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 463:89-103. doi:10.3354/meps09863
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/suspensionFeeder
  • Swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
  • Swimmer
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/MOB_SWIM
  • Swimming pool
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/swimmingPool
  • Symmetrical
    A symmetry quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being capable of division by a longitudinal plane into similar halves.
    Phenotype and Trait Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000632
  • Synchronization of spawning
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SYNC
  • Syntype
    One of the series of specimens used to describe a species or infraspecific taxon when neither a single holotype nor a lectotype has been designated. The syntypes collectively constitute the name-bearing type. [Zoo./Bot.]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Syntype
  • Systolic blood pressure
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/271649006

T

  • Tail length
    The distance from point to point along the longest axis of the appendage at the caudal end of the vertebral column.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0002758
  • Tap water
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tapWater
  • Tarsometatarsus + middle toe length
    Length of the tarsometatarsus + length of the middle toe.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TarsometatarsusPlusMiddleToeLength
  • Tarsus length
    Length of the tarsus. In birds length of the tarsometatarsus (fusion of ankle and foot bones).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TarsusLength
  • Taxon Rank
    The taxonomic rank of the most specific name in the scientificName. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonRank
  • Taxon Remarks
    Comments or notes about the taxon or name.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonRemarks
  • Taxonomic Status
    The status of the use of the scientificName as a label for a taxon. Requires taxonomic opinion to define the scope of a taxon. Rules of priority then are used to define the taxonomic status of the nomenclature contained in that scope, combined with the experts opinion. It must be linked to a specific taxonomic reference that defines the concept. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonomicStatus
  • Teat number
    The number of teats, protuberances on the mammary glands, breasts or udders of female mammals through which milk is excreted.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CMO_0000445
  • Temperature
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FAC_TMP
  • Temperature at range midpoint latitude
    The temperature at the range midpoint latitude of an organism.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureAtRangeMidpointLatitude
  • Temperature in geographic range
    Monthly temperature within the geographic range of a taxon.
    Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648. http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureInRange
  • Temperature tolerance
    The minimum tolerable temperature is the lowest temperature recorded in the plant’s historical range. If this is not available, the record low January temperature recorded at climate stations within the current geographical range of the plant is used. This definition does not apply to summer annuals.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureTolerance
  • Terrestrial and freshwater habitat
    Terrestrial and freshwater habitat
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/terrestrialAndFreshwater
  • Terrestrial and marine habitat
    Terrestrial and marine habitat
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/terrestrialAndMarine
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
  • Terrestriality
    Degree of terrestriality of an organism.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Terrestriality
  • Testicond
    Undescended testacles, the ancestral condition in mammals.
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jeb.12373/full
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/testicond
  • Testis location
    Anatomical location of testis; eg: internal, descended, scrotal, inguinal.
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jeb.12373/full
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TestisLocation
  • Thicket forming
    A plant that is likely to develop thickets when planted to stabilize soil.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/thicketForming
  • Threatened or Endangered status
    Indicates whether a taxon is listed on a global or regional list of threatened or endangered organisms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ThreatenedEndangeredStatus
  • Tile surface
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tileSurface
  • Tolerance (AMBI index)
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/TOL
  • Tolerates standing water
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/toleratesStandingWater
  • Tolerates submersion in water
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/toleratesSubmersion
  • Topotype
    One or more specimens collected at the same location as the type series (type locality), regardless of whether they are part of the type series. Topotypes are not regulated by the botanical or zoological code. Also called "locotype". [Zoo./Bot.]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Topotype
  • Total life span
    The full period of time from birth to death of an organism.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001661
  • Total species (expert opinion)
    total estimated number of species in this clade (known + undescribed + undiscovered) (estimate based on expert opinion) (Appeltans et al. 2012. The Magnitude of Global Marine Species Diversity. Current Biology 22, 2189–2202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2012.09.036)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TotalSpecies
  • Total unknown species (expert opinion)
    Total species unknown in this clade (undescribed + undiscovered) (estimate based on expert opinion) (Appeltans et al. 2012. The Magnitude of Global Marine Species Diversity. Current Biology 22, 2189–2202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2012.09.036)"
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TotalUnknownSpeciesExpert
  • Total unknown species (statistical model)
    total species unknown in this clade (estimate based on a statistical model) (Appeltans et al. 2012. The Magnitude of Global Marine Species Diversity. Current Biology 22, 2189–2202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2012.09.036)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TotalUnknownSpeciesStatisticalModel
  • Trailing
    Growing along the ground.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/trailing
  • Transient
    Of seed bank longevity. Seeds germinate in the first favourable season after dispersal. Generally, seed bank longevity is <= 1 yr (no persistent seed bank).
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/transientSeedBank
  • Transverse division
    a common mode of asexual reproduction among skeletonless coelenterates and also in some skeletal anthozoans (division of the soft body must be associated with division of the skeleton).
    Stolarski, J. 1991. Transverse division in a Miocene scleractinian coral. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 36 (4): 413-426
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/transverseDivision
  • Trapezoid
    A cell shape that approximates a trapezoid. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/trapezoidShapedCell
  • Tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    PLANTS Database Growth Habits Codes and Definitions: https://plants.usda.gov/growth_habits_def.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
  • Trophic dependence
    Specifies the category of energy source upon which an organism relies for nutritional energy. eg: light, inorganic chemical energy, organic matter, multiple sources.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TrophicDependence
  • Trophic guild
    A group of species that exploit the same food resources, and/or use the same feeding or foraging methods. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guild_(ecology)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TrophicGuild
  • Trophic level
    The position an organism occupies in a food chain.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TrophicLevel
  • Tropical freshwater lake
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tropicalFreshwaterLake
  • Tropical waters (hot)
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/TEMP_HOT
  • Tropical waters (warm)
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RT_WARM
  • Truncated
    A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's terminating abruptly by having or as if having an end or point cut off.
    [database_cross_reference: thefreedictionary.com:thefreedictionary.com]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000936
  • Truncated cone + half sphere
    A cell shape that approximates a truncated cone + half sphere. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/truncatedConePlusHalfSphere
  • Tube/ burrow material
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/TUBE
  • Twining
    Growing upwards by revolving around and leaning on a supporting structure.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/twining
  • Two truncated cones
    A cell shape that approximates two truncated cones. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/twoTruncatedCones
  • Type
    a) A specimen designated or indicated any kind of type of a species or infraspecific taxon. If possible more specific type terms (holotype, syntype, etc.) should be applied. b) the type name of a name of higher rank for taxa above the species rank. [General]
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/TaxonName#Type
  • Type Information
    Information about type specimens or names
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TypeInformation

U

V

  • Variable
    Marked by diversity or difference; liable to or capable of change.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54166
  • Variable salinity
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/SAL_VAR
  • Various
    Multiple different cell shapes have been observed for this taxon.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/variousCellShapes
  • Vase shaped
    Shaped like a vase.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/vaseShaped
  • Vegetative spread rate
    The rate at which this plant can spread compared to other species with the same growth habit.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/VegetativeSpreadRate
  • Ventral buccal organ (simple)
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/STRUCT_VBO
  • Ventral muscular proboscis
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/STRUCT_VMP
  • Verbatim Elevation
    The original description of the elevation (altitude, usually above sea level) of the Location.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimElevation
  • Verbatim Latitude
    The verbatim original latitude of the Location. The coordinate ellipsoid, geodeticDatum, or full Spatial Reference System (SRS) for these coordinates should be stored in verbatimSRS and the coordinate system should be stored in verbatimCoordinateSystem.
    http://darwincore.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/terms/index.htm#verbatimLatitude
  • Verbatim Longitude
    The verbatim original longitude of the Location. The coordinate ellipsoid, geodeticDatum, or full Spatial Reference System (SRS) for these coordinates should be stored in verbatimSRS and the coordinate system should be stored in verbatimCoordinateSystem.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimLongitude
  • Very large
    [A qualitative descriptor of a size that is considerably more than typical.]
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/258262008
  • Very light
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/260361001
  • Very long-persistent
    Of seed bank longevity. Seed bank longevity is at least >= 30 yr.
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/veryLongPersistentSeedBank
  • Very small
    A qualitative descriptor of a size that is considerably less than typical.
    http://dicom.nema.org/resources/ontology/DCM/112132
  • Vine
    Twining/climbing plant with relatively long stems, can be woody or herbaceous.
    PLANTS Database Growth Habits Codes and Definitions: https://plants.usda.gov/growth_habits_def.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/vine
  • Violet
    A color hue with very low wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between reddish blue or bluish purple, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 420 to 380 nanometers.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001424
  • Visible gonads
    gonads in one sex are visible
    Fairbairn DJ (2013) Data from: Odd couples: extraordinary differences between the sexes in the animal kingdom. Dryad Digital Repository. doi:10.5061/dryad.n48cm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/visibleGonads
  • Visits flowers of
    The organisms is a known flower visit of the target species. It may or may not be an effective pollinator.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/VisitsFlowersOf
  • Viviparous
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Viviparous
  • Vocalization behavior
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/VocalizationBehavior
  • Vulnerable
    A taxon is Vulnerable when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Vulnerable, and it is therefore considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/categories-and-criteria
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/vulnerable

W

  • Waif range
    Lists jurisdictions where a given organism is an ephemeral introduction, not persistently naturalized
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/WaifRange
  • Warm / temperate / subtropical waters
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/RT_TEMP
  • Warm / temperate / subtropical waters
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/TEMP_WARM
  • Warm moist then cold moist stratification
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationWarmMoistColdMoist
  • Water depth
    The depth of seawater at a location where this organism has been observed or collected.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimDepth
  • Water dissolved O2 concentration
    Dissolved oxygen concentration in seawater at a location where this organism has been observed or collected.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/DissolvedOxygen
  • Water nitrate concentration
    Dissolved nitrate concentration in seawater at a location where this organism has been observed or collected.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/DissolvedNitrate
  • Water O2 saturation
    The percent oxygen saturation in seawater at a location where this organism has been observed or collected.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/OxygenSaturation
  • Water phosphate concentration
    Dissolved phosphate concentration in seawater at a location where this organism has been observed or collected.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/DissolvedPhosphate
  • Water salinity
    Dissolved salt concentration in seawater at a location where this organism has been observed or collected.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/Salinity
  • Water silicate concentration
    Dissolved silicate concentration in seawater at a location where this organism has been observed or collected.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/DissolvedSilicate
  • Water temperature
    Temperature of the water at a location where this organism has been observed or collected.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SeawaterTemperature
  • Watts
    A power unit which is equal to the power used when work is done at the rate of 1 joule per second.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000114
  • Weaning age
    Age when primary nutritional dependency on the mother ends and independent foraging begins to make a major contribution to the offspring’s energy requirements.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/WeaningAge
  • Weanling
    An animal newly changed to forms of nourishment other than nursing.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/0070-2069
  • Wedge Shaped
    A shape quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being narrowly triangular, wider at the apex and tapering toward the base.
    Phenotype and Trait Ontology
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001955
  • Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states
    Organism is listed in Haragan, P.D. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide. The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky. 278pp.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/weedsOfKentucky
  • Weeds of National Significance (Australia)
    Organism is listed as a Weed of National Significance (WoNS) by Australian governments based on its invasiveness, potential for spread and environmental, social and economic impacts. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/weeds/lists/wons.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/australiaWeedsOfNationalSignificance
  • Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains
    Organism is listed in Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe, & M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains. Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska. 589pp.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/weedsOfNebraska
  • Weeds of the Northeast
    Organism is listed in Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal, & J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast. Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York. 397pp.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/weedsOfTheNortheast
  • Weeds of the United States and Canada
    Organism is listed in Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM. Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/southernWeedScienceSociety
  • Weeds of the West
    Organism listed in Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al. 1996. Weeds of the West. Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming. 630pp.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/weedsOfTheWest
  • Weight
    A physical quality inhering in a bearer that has mass near a gravitational body.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000128
  • Western Mountains, Valleys and Coast (WMVC)
    The U. S. Western Mountains, Valleys and Coast. One of the 10 regional U.S. Army Corps of Engineers wetland delineation regions for the U.S. and its territories used by the National Wetland Plant List.
    Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241. http://rsgisias.crrel.usace.army.mil/NWPL/static/cfg/doc/pdl_2013_pub/National/NWPL_Phytoneuron_2013.pdf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_westernmountainsvalleysandcoast
  • Wet meadow
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/wetMeadow
  • Wet prairie
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/wetPrairie
  • Wet woodland
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/wetWoodland
  • Wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
  • Wetland Indicator Status (NWPL)
    Five indicator statuses, or ratings, are used in the United States National Wetland Plant List to designate a plant species’ preference for occurrence in a wetland or upland: Upland (UPL), Facultative Upland (FACU), Facultative (FAC), Facultative Wetland (FACW), and Obligate Wetland (OBL). The statuses represent the estimated probability of a species occurring in wetlands versus nonwetlands in a region.
    Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241. http://rsgisias.crrel.usace.army.mil/NWPL/static/cfg/doc/pdl_2013_pub/National/NWPL_Phytoneuron_2013.pdf
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/WetlandIndicatorStatus
  • White
    An achromatic color of maximum brightness; the color of objects that reflect nearly all light of all visible wavelengths.
    [database_cross_reference: Dictionary:http://dictionary.reference.com/]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000323
  • White-gray
    A color between white and black colors, closer to white.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/whiteGrey
  • Wide and Deep
    A depth quality which is relatively high and a width which is relatively large
    Phenotype and Trait Ontology
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/wideAndDeep
  • Will not resprout
    The plant will not resprout following top (above ground biomass) removal.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ResproutNo
  • Will resprout
    The plant will resprout following top (above ground biomass) removal.
    USDA PLANTS database Characteristics Data Fields. http://plants.usda.gov/charinfo.html
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ResproutYes
  • Wingspan
    [Distance from one wingtip to the other wingtip.]
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Wingspan
  • Winter
    The season between the winter solstice and the vernal equinox.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94730
  • Winter deciduous
    A plant that drops all its leaves during the winter.
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/winterDeciduous
  • Winter semi-deciduous
    A plant that drops part of its leaves during the winter, maintaining some brownish leaves in the crown.
    http://www.uv.es/jgpausas/brot.htm
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/winterSemiDeciduous
  • Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants
    Organism is listed in Hoffman, R. & K. Kearns (eds.). 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources. Madison, Wisconsin. 102pp.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/wisconsinInvasivePlants
  • Within microenvironment of the parent
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/PC_NEAR
  • Wood density
    Secondary xylem volumetric density. Any measurable or observable characteristic related to the volumetric density of a secondary xylem.
    [database_cross_reference: GOC:TermGenie] [database_cross_reference: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2009.01285.x]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/OBA_1000040
  • Wooded limestone slope
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/woodedLimestoneSlope
  • Wooded slope
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/woodedSlope
  • Woodland
    Land having a cover of trees, shrubs, or both.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000109
  • Woodland border
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/woodlandBorder
  • Woody
    A woody plant is a plant that produces wood as its structural tissue. Woody plants are usually either trees, shrubs, or lianas. These are usually perennial plants whose stems and larger roots are reinforced with wood produced from secondary xylem.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Woody_plant&oldid=578298866
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/woodyPlant

X

Y

  • Year round
    An activity or period that continues throughout the entire year.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/yearRound
  • Yearling
    An animal one year old or in the second year of its life.
    Definition modified from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/yearling
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/yearling
  • Years
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000036
  • Yellow
    A color hue with medium wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between orange and green, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 570 to 590 nanometers.
    [database_cross_reference: Dictionary:http://dictionary.reference.com/]
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000324
  • Yellow green
    A color consisting of yellow and green hues.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001941
  • Yellow orange
    A color consisting of yellow and orange hue.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001944
  • Yes
    http://ihtsdo.org
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/373066001
  • Yes
    This statement is true; the answer to this question is yes.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/yes
  • Young
    An age which is relatively low.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000309
  • Young adult
    An animal in the early stages of adulthood
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/youngAdult

Z

#

  • (cone + half sphere)-20%
    A cell shape that approximates a (cone + half sphere)-20% volume. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/conePlusHalfSphere-20Percent
  • (cone + half sphere)-25%
    A cell shape that approximates a (cone + half sphere)-25% volume. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/conePlusHalfSphere-25Percent
  • /year
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/259039008
  • 0 - 50
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FEC_50
  • 0.1°c
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/onetenthdegreescelsius
  • 0μm -100μm
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/EGG_S
  • 1 - 2 years
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/MAT_2Y
  • 1-3 years
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/LIFE_1-3
  • 10000 - 20000
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FEC_20000
  • 100μm -200μm
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/EGG_M
  • 10mm - 20mm
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/BS_3
  • 2 - 3 years
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/MAT_3Y
  • 2 - 6 months
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/MAT_6M
  • 2 cones
    A cell shape that approximates 2 cones. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/2cones
  • 2 cones-30%
    A cell shape that approximates 2 cones-30%volume. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/2Cones-30Percent
  • 2 cylinders + ellipitic prism
    A cell shape that approximates 2 cylinders + an ellipitic prism. Sun, J. and Liu, D. 2003. Geometric models for calculating cell biovolume and surface area for phytoplankton, J. Plankton Res., 25, 1331–1346, doi:10.1093/plankt/fbg096, Table II
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/2cylinders+EllipiticPrism
  • 2 spheres * 5/8
    A cell shape that approximates 2 spheres * 5/8 volume. (see Table 1, Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/2spheresXFiveEighths
  • 2.5mm - 10mm
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/BS_2
  • 20000 - 100000
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FEC_100000
  • 20mm - 50mm
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/BS_4
  • 2500 - 10000
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FEC_10000
  • 3 - 4 years
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/MAT_4Y
  • 3-5 years
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/LIFE_3-5
  • 50 - 500
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FEC_500
  • 500 - 2500
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FEC_2500
  • 50mm - 80mm
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/BS_5
  • 5th percentile
    The 5th percentile is the value (or score) below which 5 percent of the observations are found.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/5thPercentile
  • 6 months - 1year
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/MAT_1Y
  • 80mm - 100mm
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/BS_6
  • < 2.5mm
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/BS_1
  • > 100000
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/FEC_100000+
  • >100 mm
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/BS_7
  • >200μm
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/EGG_L
  • µg
    A mass unit which is equal to one millionth of a gram or 10^[-6] g.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000023
  • µm
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000017
  • µm^(-1)
    A reciprocal length unit which is equal to 10^[-6] meters^[-1]
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perMicrometer
  • µm^2
    An area unit which is equal to 10^[-12] square meters
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/squareMicrometer
  • µm^3
    A volume unit which is equal to 10^[-15] liters
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/cubicMicrometer
  • µmol/l
    A unit of molarity which is equal to one millionth of a molar or 10^[-6] mol/L
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000064
  • δ13c
    Carbon 13 isotopic signature. Enrichment or deficiency of the proportion of C13 isotope in a carbon source, relative to a standard proportion of 0.0112372 (found in the fossil source Pee Dee Belemnite). Expressed in per mil (‰). (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%9413C)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/d13C
  • δ15n
    Nitrogen 15 isotopic signature. Enrichment or deficiency of the proportion of N15 isotope in a nitrogen source, relative to a standard proportion of 0.003663033 (found in air). Expressed in per mil (‰). (http://sisbl.uga.edu/stable.html#notate)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/d15N
  • δ34s
    Sulfur 34 isotopic signature. Enrichment or deficiency of the proportion of S34 isotope in a sulfur source, relative to a standard proportion of 0.0441626 (found in the Canyon Diablo troilite). Expressed in per mil (‰). (http://isonumbers.weizmann.ac.il/bionumber.aspx?&id=100252&ver=12)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/d34S
  • ≤ 1 year
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/LIFE_1
  • ≤ 2 months
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/MAT_2M
  • ≥ 4 years
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/MAT_MANY
  • ≥ 5 years
    http://polytraits.lifewatchgreece.eu/terms/LIFE_5+