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Structured Data Partner Collections

Last updated 7 months ago

Structured data on EOL comes from a variety of sources, including scientific papers, large communal databases, unpublished datasets contributed by colleagues, and textmining projects. To browse a particular dataset, select a partner collection below and visit the organisms in the collection. Each taxon page will feature data from the partner you chose, often alongside data from other sources.

  • 20007_88_88


    96498 items; maintained by Jennifer Hammock

    AlgaeBase is a database of information on algae that includes terrestrial, marine and freshwater organisms. At present, the data for the marine algae, particularly seaweeds, are the most complete. For convenience, we have included the sea-grasses, even though they are flowering plants

  • 66161_88_88

    American Insects: Body Length

    835 items; maintained by Dana Campbell

    The American Insects site is an on-line guide to 2800 different insects from the Americas, containing photographs taken by Stephen Cresswell as well as information gleaned from articles, books, emails and on-line postings.

  • 96003_88_88

    Anage Data

    4204 items; maintained by Patrick Leary

    AnAge is a database of longevity and ageing in animals. It features quantitative life history data for over 4,000 species, including extensive longevity records, body masses at different developmental stages, reproductive data, and physiological traits related to metabolism. In addition to quantitative data, AnAge also features comments and observations related to ageing or relevant to the life history of individual taxa.

  • 10969_88_88

    Appeltans et al, 2012

    159 items; maintained by Jennifer Hammock

    Appeltans et al. 2012. The Magnitude of Global Marine Species Diversity. Current Biology 22, 2189–2202.

  • 10969_88_88

    Barton, Finkel et al, 2013

    112 items; maintained by Jennifer Hammock

    Barton, AD, Finkel, ZV, Ward, BA, Johns, DG, Follows, MJ. 2013. On the roles of cell size and trophic strategy in North Atlantic diatom and dinoflagellate communities. Limnol. Oceanogr., 58(1), 2013, 254–266. doi:10.4319/lo.2013.58.1.0254.

  • 10969_88_88

    Barton, Pershing et al, 2013

    29 items; maintained by Jennifer Hammock

    Barton, AD, Pershing, AJ, Litchman, E, Record, NR, Edwards, KF, Finkel, ZV, Kiørboe, T, Ward, BA. 2013. The biogeography of marine plankton traits. Ecology Letters (2013) 16: 522–534. DOI: 10.1111/ele.12063.

  • 10969_88_88

    Biological Atlas of the Arctic Seas 2000

    450 items; maintained by Jennifer Hammock

    Matishov, G., P. Makarevich, S. Timofeev, L. Kuznetsov, N. Druzhkov, V. Larionov, V. Golubev, A. Zuyev, N. Adrov, V. Denisov, G. Iliyn, A. Kuznetsov, S. Denisenko, V. Savinov, A. Shavikyn (Murmansk Marine Biological Institute, Russia), I. Smolyar, S. Levitus, T. O'Brien, O. Baranova (World Data Center for Oceanography, Silver Spring Ocean Climate Laboratory, National Oceanographic Data Center/NOAA, USA). Biological Atlas of the Arctic Seas 2000: Plankton of the Barents and Kara Seas. International Ocean Atlas Series, Volume 2.

  • 08342_88_88


    714 items; maintained by Jennifer Hammock

    Herring, PJ. 1987. Systematic distribution of bioluminescence in living organisms. Journal of Bioluminescence and Chemiluminescence. 1:147-163

    A list of the genera of living organisms known or believed to contain luminous species is provided in the Appendix, in a systematic context. The constraints on the accuracy of such a list and some aspects of the apparent distribution of bioluminescence are discussed.

  • 96003_88_88

    Bird Life History

    980 items; maintained by Patrick Leary

    A dataset of energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction data for 980 bird species. Richard M. Sibly, Christopher C. Witt, Natalie A. Wright, Chris Venditti, Walter Jetz, and James H. Brown. 2012. Energetics, lifestyle, and reproduction in birds. PNAS 109(27):10937-10941, doi:10.1073/pnas.1206512109.

  • 10969_88_88

    Birds Animal Diversity Web

    632 items; maintained by Jennifer Hammock

    This morphometry and life history dataset was compiled by student participants of the Animal Diversity Web with review by instructors and ADW staff.

  • 06946_88_88

    BROT Database: Plant trait data for Mediterranean Basin species

    2 items; maintained by Katja Schulz

    The plant trait database for Mediterranean Basin species (BROT) contains information on fire-related traits for over 900 vascular plant species.

  • 96003_88_88

    Cod Stomach Data, ICES, 1996

    16 items; maintained by Patrick Leary

    ICES, 1996. DATABASE REPORT OF THE STOMACH SAMPLING PROJECT 1991. ICES Cooperative Research Report. No. 219.

  • 10969_88_88

    Copepod Sizes

    67 items; maintained by Jennifer Hammock

    Prosome length, width and/or height, measured from specimen photos available on EOL. These include image collections from Fisheries and Oceans Canada via WoRMS, and from Arctic Ocean Diversity (NOAA/UAF/Hopcroft/CoML)

  • 40724_88_88

    CoralReefFish image and text

    1731 items; maintained by Benjamin Victor

    Benjamin Victor's online guide to larval reef fishes of the Caribbean, with data on larval morphology.

  • 31195_88_88


    217112 items; maintained by Evangelos Pafilis

    The EOL-Rubenstein 2013 "ENVIRONMENTS" focuses on identifying environment descriptive terms in text, such as "coral reef, cultivated land, glacier, pelagic, forest, lagoon", in EOL taxa textual descriptions.

  • 10969_88_88

    Fairbairn, 2013

    159 items; maintained by Jennifer Hammock

    Fairbairn DJ (2013) Data from: Odd couples: extraordinary differences between the sexes in the animal kingdom. Dryad Digital Repository. doi:10.5061/dryad.n48cm

    Original paper: Fairbairn DJ (2013) Odd couples: extraordinary differences between the sexes in the animal kingdom. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

  • 89273_88_88

    FEIS Invasiveness (structured data)

    1140 items; maintained by Leo Shapiro

    EIS provides up-to-date information about fire effects on plants, lichens, and animals. It was developed at the United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory in Missoula, Montana. The FEIS database contains literature reviews, taken from current English-language literature of about 900 plant species, 7 lichen species, about 100 wildlife species, 17 Research Project Summaries, and 16 Kuchler plant communities of North America. The emphasis of each review and summary is fire and how it affects species. Background information on taxonomy, distribution, basic biology, and ecology of each species is also included. Reviews are thoroughly documented, and each contains a complete bibliography. Managers from several land management agencies (United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, and United States Department of Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Bureau of Land Management, Fish and Wildlife Service, and National Park Service) choose the species included in the database. Those agencies funded the original work and continue to support maintenance and updating of the database.

  • 89273_88_88

    Female Passerine Song Trait Data

    462 items; maintained by Leo Shapiro

    Odom et al. scored passerine species with respect to whether (a) females sing, (b) females do not sing, or (c) neither males nor females have a true song. Using ancestral trait reconstruction, the authors concluded that having both males and females sing is likely the ancestral condition. The data can be downloaded from the Dryad Digital Repository at Odom KJ, Hall ML, Riebel K, Omland KE, Langmore NE (2014) Data from: Female song is widespread and ancestral in songbirds. Dryad Digital Repository. doi:10.5061/dryad.0sd163. Last indexed May 27, 2014

  • 75486_88_88

    Femorale resource

    142779 items; maintained by Marcus Coltro

    Mollusk shell maximum dimension, from collected specimens.

  • 19282_88_88

    Global Biotic Interactions

    79818 items; maintained by Jorrit Poelen

    GloBI is working with EOL to normalize and integrate existing rich biotic interactions datasets, and to lower the threshold to explore and analyze species interaction data.

  • 56048_88_88

    Global Invasive Species Listings

    3 items; maintained by Katja Schulz

    Data about the worldwide distribution and status of invasive species, derived from various sources.

  • 33106_88_88

    Global Wood Density Database

    7848 items; maintained by Global Wood Density Database

    Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository. doi:10.5061/dryad.234

    Wood performs several essential functions in plants, including mechanically supporting aboveground tissue, storing water and other resources, and transporting sap. Woody tissues are likely to face physiological, structural and defensive trade-offs. How a plant optimizes among these competing functions can have major ecological implications, which have been under-appreciated by ecologists compared to the focus they have given to leaf function. To draw together our current understanding of wood function, we identify and collate data on the major wood functional traits, including the largest wood density database to date (8412 taxa), mechanical strength measures and anatomical features, as well as clade-specific features such as secondary chemistry. We then show how wood traits are related to one another, highlighting functional trade-offs, and to ecological and demographic plant features (growth form, growth rate, latitude, ecological setting). We suggest that, similar to the manifold that tree species leaf traits cluster around the 'leaf economics spectrum', a similar 'wood economics spectrum' may be defined. We then discuss the biogeography, evolution and biogeochemistry of the spectrum, and conclude by pointing out the major gaps in our current knowledge of wood functional traits.

  • Collection_default


    903789 items; maintained by Tony Rees

    The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera (IRMNG) is a provisional (or "interim") compilation of genus names (plus species in many cases) covering both living and extinct biota into a single system to support taxonomic and other queries.

  • 91982_88_88

    IUCN Structured Data

    75417 items; maintained by iucn

    International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) helps the world find pragmatic solutions to our most pressing environment and development challenges. IUCN supports scientific research; manages field projects all over the world; and brings governments, non-government organizations, United Nations agencies, companies and local communities together to develop and implement policy, laws and best practice. EOL partnered with the IUCN to indicate status of each species according to the Red List of Threatened Species.

  • 10969_88_88

    Leblanc et al, 2012

    443 items; maintained by Jennifer Hammock

    Leblanc, Karine; Arístegui Ruiz, Javier; Armand, L; Assmy, P; Beker, B; Bode, Antonio; Breton, E; Cornet, V; Gibson, J; Gosselin, M-P; Kopczynska, EE; Marshall, Harold G; Peloquin, Jill M; Piontkovski, S; Poulton, Alex J; Quéguiner, Bernard; Schiebel, Ralf; Shipe, R; Stefels, Jacqueline; van Leeuwe, Maria A; Varela, M; Widdicombe, Claire E; Yallop, M (2012): A global diatom database - abundance, biovolume and biomass in the world ocean. Earth System Science Data, 4, 149-165, doi:10.5194/essd-4-149-2012. CC-BY

  • 20227_88_88

    Lily Database

    722 items; maintained by Scott Woodbury

    Data provided by Scott Woodbury, horticulturalist at the Shaw Nature Reserve, Gray Summit, Missouri.

  • 10969_88_88

    Lovegrove 2014

    83 items; maintained by Jennifer Hammock

    Lovegrove BG (2014) Data from: Cool sperm: why some placental mammals have a scrotum. Dryad Digital Repository. doi:10.5061/dryad.s5k0t

    Data from: Lovegrove BG (2014) Cool sperm: why some placental mammals have a scrotum. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, online in advance of print. doi:10.1111/jeb.12373

  • 00151_88_88

    Mammal life history

    5379 items; maintained by Pantheria

    PanTHERIA is a species-level data set compiled for analysis of life history, ecology, and geography of all known extant and recently extinct mammals. PanTHERIA is derived from a database capable of holding multiple geo-referenced values for variables within a species containing 100740 lines of biological data for extant and recently extinct mammalian species, collected over a period of three years by 20 individuals. PanTHERIA also includes spatial databases of mammalian geographic ranges and global climatic and anthropogenic variables.

    For more information, see:

    Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648.

  • 10969_88_88

    McClain Bivalve Sizes

    1529 items; maintained by Jennifer Hammock

    This dataset of bivalve shell dimensions was compiled from various sources by Craig McClain.

  • 60467_88_88

    Mexican Amphibians

    369 items; maintained by Anne Thessen

    Traits of Mexican amphibians compiled from numerous published and unpublished sources.

  • 10969_88_88


    95290 items; maintained by Jennifer Hammock

    Mineral composition of the hard parts of organisms, eg: silica, calcium carbonate, aragonite. From the literature and consulted experts.

  • 60558_88_88

    National Wetland Plant List 2013

    7870 items; maintained by US Army Corps of Engineers

    The National Wetland Plant List (and the information implied by its wetland plant species status ratings) is used extensively in wetland delineation, wetland restoration and research, and the development of compensatory mitigation goals, as well as in providing general botanical information about wetland plants. The NWPL covers all 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Caribbean and Pacific islands that are considered to be territories of the U.S. However, to provide additional insights regarding plant distribution awareness, we have included the total geographic range for each taxon throughout North America north of Mexico. The wetland plant data are organized into ten regions that coincide with Corps wetland delineation regions.

    For more information, see

    Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241.

  • 10969_88_88

    NCBI, GGBN, GBIF, BHL, BOLDS data coverage

    9902 items; maintained by Jennifer Hammock

    The Global Genome Initiative will develop the research agenda and promote a global network of biorepositories and research organizations to preserve and study genomic diversity and increase access to genomic information from the key branches of the Tree of Life––expanding our contribution to the preservation and knowledge of life on our planet.

    Metrics are generated by querying repositories for family-level taxa. The classification follows the new Families of All Living Organisms (FALO rev 1c) developed by the Integrated Taxonomic Information Service (ITIS) and the National Museum of Natural History.

  • 99920_88_88

    NMNH Botany Elevation Data

    44708 items; maintained by NMNHEMu

    Elevation data from specimens in the collections of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Botany Department.

  • 99920_88_88

    NMNH Botany Elevation Data (Summarized)

    5405 items; maintained by NMNHEMu

    Elevation data from specimens in the collections of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Botany Department.

  • 99920_88_88

    NMNH Botany Plant Habit Data

    11872 items; maintained by NMNHEMu

    Plant habit data from specimens in the collections of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Botany Department.

  • 28569_88_88

    OBIS Environmental Information

    156040 items; maintained by Patrick Leary

    The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) provides a portal to many datasets containing information on where and when marine species have been recorded. You can search them by taxon, area, depth, and time, and map and find environmental data for the locations. Data on EOL is summarized from OBIS holdings November 2011.

  • 10969_88_88

    Olenina et al, 2006

    884 items; maintained by Jennifer Hammock

    Olenina, I., Hajdu, S., Edler, L., Andersson, A., Wasmund, N., Busch, S., Göbel, J., Gromisz, S., Huseby, S., Huttunen, M., Jaanus, A., Kokkonen, P., Ledaine, I. and Niemkiewicz, E. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM Balt.Sea Environ. Proc. No. 106, 144pp.

  • 79395_88_88

    Paleobiology Database

    211269 items; maintained by paleodb

    The Paleobiology Database is a public resource for the global scientific community. It has been organized and operated by a multi-disciplinary, multi-institutional, international group of paleobiological researchers. Its purpose is to provide global, collection-based occurrence and taxonomic data for marine and terrestrial animals and plants of any geological age, as well as web-based software for statistical analysis of the data. The project's wider, long-term goal is to encourage collaborative efforts to answer large-scale paleobiological questions by developing a useful database infrastructure and bringing together large data sets.

  • Collection_default

    Phenoscape Catfish Fin Shapes

    502 items; maintained by Phenoscape

    The goal of Phenoscape is to create a scalable infrastructure that enables linking phenotypes across different fields of biology by the semantic similarity of their descriptions.

  • 08825_88_88


    934 items; maintained by Sarah Faulwetter

    Polytraits is a database on biological traits of polychaetes (bristle worms, Polychaeta: Annelida). It covers information about the morphology, behaviour, reproduction and larval characteristics of polychaete taxa. The project was initially started as an in-house project of Institute of Marine Biology, Biotechnology and Aquaculture of the Hellenic Centre for Marine Research. Traits were initially collected for an analysis of the biological traits of polychaetes in Mediterranean lagoons, but since then the database has been continuously expanded to serve the data needs for other analyses. Currently, polytraits is being maintained by the Institute for Marine Biology, Biotechnology and Aquaculture of the Hellenic Centre for Marine Research and will be supported by (and function as a part of) the Greek LIFEWATCH infrastructure. A detailed description of the database and its contents have been submitted as a datapaper to the Biodiversity Data Journal : Faulwetter S, Arvanitidis C, Markantonatou V, Pavloudi C, Keklikoglou, K, Papageorgiou N, Chatzinikolaou E, Dailianis T, Chatzigeorgiou G, Vasileiadou A, Pafilis E, Koulouri P, Fanini L (2013). Polytraits: A database on biological traits of polychaetes. Biodiversity Data Journal (submitted)

  • 88974_88_88

    Primate specimen measurements

    317 items; maintained by NMNHEMu

    Research collections of the National Museum of Natural History are available to the public via a standard web interface. A total of 5,209,737 specimen records are currently available from this facility. Of these, approximately 292,000 represent all of the museum’s available extant biological primary type specimen records.

    This data set contains measurements derived from labels of primate specimens.

  • 10969_88_88

    Reid et al, 2012

    52 items; maintained by Jennifer Hammock
  • 10969_88_88

    Sal et al, 2013

    501 items; maintained by Jennifer Hammock

  • 10969_88_88


    854 items; maintained by Jennifer Hammock

    A collection, from the literature and from individual experts, of traits relating to growth form, lifestyle and reproduction of marine or primarily marine taxonomic groups.

  • 88974_88_88

    Smithsonian type specimen data

    280989 items; maintained by NMNHEMu

    Data from type specimens in collections of the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History in Washington, DC, USA.

  • 10969_88_88

    Symonds and Tattersall, 2010

    215 items; maintained by Jennifer Hammock
  • 29752_88_88

    Tropicos resource

    400080 items; maintained by Missouri Botanical Garden Editor

    Botanical database organizing millions of plant specimens, images, and bibliographic references, from the Bioinformatics Department at the Missouri Botanical Garden.

  • 10079_88_88

    Type data & habitat information

    923 items; maintained by Christian D. Jersabek

    The World Catalog of Rotifers aims at synthesizing and sharing online authoritative data about nomenclature, taxonomy, geographic distribution, ecology, collection specimens, and bibliography for all 4000+ nominal taxa of Rotifera that were described since the start of zoological nomenclature.

  • 63796_88_88

    USDA Database

    45773 items; maintained by plants

    The PLANTS Database provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories. It includes names, plant symbols, checklists, distributional data, species abstracts, characteristics, images, crop information, automated tools, onward Web links, and references. This information primarily promotes land conservation in the United States and its territories, but academic, educational, and general use is encouraged. PLANTS reduces government spending by minimizing duplication and making information exchange possible across agencies and disciplines.