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State Flowers of the United States

Last updated over 6 years ago

Welcome to the State Flowers of the United States Collection! In this collection you can do the following: 1. Browse the State Flowers of the United States; and, 2. Make and share observations on the web or though the iNaturalist iPhone app.

  • Carnegia gigantea


    Arizona - The state flower is the white blossom of the saguaro, the largest cactus in the United States. The saguaro blossom was officially made the state flower of Arizona in 1931. The blossoms appear on the tips of the long arms of the cactus during May and June.


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    Image of an unknown taxon

    Image of Malus domestica

    Arkansas - The apple blossom was adopted as the Arkansas State Flower by the General Assembly of 1901. Apple blossoms have pink and white petals and green leaves. At one time Arkansas was a major apple producing state. The town of Lincoln in Washington County hosts the annual Arkansas Apple Festival.


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    Kalmia latifolia (Ericaceae) - inflorescence - whole - unspec...

    Image of Kalmia latifolia

    Connecticut - Designated as the State Flower 1907, the Mountain Laurel is perhaps the most beautiful of native American shrubs. Its fragrance and the massed richness of its white and pink blossoms so vividly contrast with the darker colors of the forests and the fields that they have continually attracted the attention of travelers since the earliest days of our colonization. First mentioned in John Smith's "General History," in 1624 specimens were sent to Linnaeus, the famous botanist, by the Swedish explorer Peter Kalm in 1750. Linnaeus gave it the name of Kalmia latifolia, honoring the name his correspondent and at the same time describing the "wide-leafed" characteristic of the plant. In addition to being called the "Mountain Laurel," the plant has also been spoken of as "Calico Bush" and "Spoonwood."


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    Rosa laevigata

    Cherokee Rose

    Georgia - In 1916, with the support of the Georgia Federation of Women's Clubs, the Cherokee rose was named the state floral emblem. The name "Cherokee Rose" is a local designation derived from the Cherokee Indians who widely distributed the plant. The rose is excessively thorny and generously supplied with leaves of a vivid green. In color, it is waxy white with a large golden center. Blooming time is in the early spring, but favorable conditions will produce, in the fall of the year, a second flowering of this hardy plant.


    Sort value: Georgia

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    Hibiscus brackenridgei A. Gray

    Ma'o Hau Hele

    Hawaii - Hibiscus brackenridgei is an endangered Hawaiian endemic plant and it is the official state flower of Hawai'i. It is native to dry forests and shrub lands at elevations from 400 to 2,600 feet. It is found on all the main Hawaiian islands except Ni'ihau and Kaho'olawe, but it is not common in any location. (Wagner 1990)


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    Paeonia lactiflora

    Chinese Peony

    Indiana - The peony (Paeonia) was adopted as the Indiana state flower by the 1957 General Assembly (Indiana Code 1-2-7). From 1931 to 1957 the zinnia was the state flower. The peony blooms the last of May and early June in various shades of red and pink and also in white; it occurs in single and double forms. No particular variety or color was designated by the General Assembly. It is cultivated widely throughout the state and is extremely popular for decorating gravesites for Memorial Day.


    Sort value: Indiana

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    Rosa arkansana

    Prairie Rose

    Iowa - The 26th General Assembly designated the wild rose as the official state flower in 1897. It was chosen for the honor because it was one of the decorations used on the silver service which the state presented to the battleship USS Iowa that same year. Although no particular species of the flower was designated by the General Assembly, the wild prairie rose (rosa pratincola) is most often cited as the official flower. Wild roses are found throughout the state and bloom from June through late summer. The flower, in varying shades of pink, is set off by many yellow stamens in the center.


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    Kentucky - Goldenrod is native to all of Kentucky where over 30 of nearly 100 species of this weedy herb are found. When goldenrod was chosen as the state flower in 1926 by a joint resolution of the General Assembly, no specific species was designated. Spread across the land like large, billowy yellow blankets, goldenrod bursts forth in full bloom in late summer. Honey-making bees use the goldenrod's nectar and that of other Asteraceae plants to make an autumn honey. Goldenrod may range between one and eight feet in height, and some species are fragrant. Several species have serrated leaves which alternate among wand-like stems. Numerous small flower heads, composed of multi-flowered rays, crowd together to form clusters at the top of stems.


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    Image of Magnolia grandiflora

    Image of Magnolia grandiflora

    Louisiana - The large creamy-white bloom of the magnolia tree (Magnolia grandiflora) was designated the state flower in 1900 because of the abundance of trees throughout the state. The magnolia is an evergreen and the flower is usually fragrant. After the six to twelve petals of the flower have fallen away the large cone shaped fruit of the magnolia is exposed.


    Sort value: Louisiana

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    Rudbeckia hirta

    Blackeyed Susan

    Maryland - The Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) has been the official Maryland flower since 1918 when it was designated the "Floral Emblem" of Maryland by the General Assembly (Chapter 458, Acts of 1918; Code State Government Article, sec. 13-305). In his Species Plantarum (1753), the Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus (1701-1778) described and named the flower Rudbeckia after Olav Rudbeck and his son, both professors at the University of Uppsala, and hirta from the Latin meaning "rough hairy". Black-Eyed Susans, Anne Arundel County, Maryland, 1998.


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    Epigaea repens

    Trailing Arbutus

    Massachusetts - The Mayflower also commonly known as the ground laurel or trailing arbutus, was adopted as the official flower of the Commonwealth by the General Court on May 1, 1918. A fragrant, pink or white, spring-blooming five petal flower, it grows in woods, preferring sandy or rocky soil, under or near evergreens. Unfortunately, since 1925 it has been on the endangered list.


    Sort value: Massachusetts

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    Magnolia grandiflora

    Southern Magnolia

    Mississippi - An election was held in November 1900 to select a State Flower. Votes were submitted by 23,278 school children. The magnolia received 12,745 votes; the cotton blossom 4,171; and the cape jasmine 2,484. There were a few votes for other flowers. The magnolia was officially designated as the State Flower by the 1952 Legislature. The magnolia is also Mississippi's state tree.


    Sort value: Mississippi

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    Solidago gigantea

    Tall Goldenrod

    Nebraska - The goldenrod (Solidago serotina) was declared the state flower by legislative action in 1895. Numerous species of goldenrod grow throughout the state. The goldenrod is an erect, coarse-looking perennial herb that is usually about two or three feet tall. The small flower heads, which are almost always yellow but sometimes have cream-colored or white rays, are grouped into either elongated or flattish clusters. The flowers appear from July through October.


    Sort value: Nebraska

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    Image of Viola sororia

    Image of Viola sororia

    New Jersey - New Jersey has considered the violet as the State flower since 1913. It wasn't until 1971, however, that the Legislature adopted a bill that made Viola sororia one of the state's official symbols. Even though violets are often considered "shy", they are are hardy enough to grow in New Jersey fields, lawns, and anywhere they can find warm spring sunshine.


    Sort value: New Jersey -

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    File:IMG 1527Dogwood.JPG

    Image of Cornus florida

    North Carolina - The General Assembly of 1941 designated the dogwood as the State Flower. (Session Laws , 1941, c. 289). The Dogwood (Cornus florida) is one of the most prevalent trees in North Carolina and can be found in all parts of the State from the mountains to the coast. Its blossoms, which appear in early spring and continue on into summer, are most often found in white, although shades of pink and red are not uncommon.


    Sort value: North Carolina

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    Rosa arkansana

    Wild Rose

    North Dakota - Rosa Blanda or Arkansana was adopted as the state flower of North Dakota in 1907. The flower sports five bright pink petals with a tight cluster of yellow stamens in the center. The Wild Prairie Rose grows along roadsides, in pastures, and in native meadows.


    Sort value: North Dakota

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    Dianthus caryophyllus


    Ohio - The red carnation was adopted as Ohio's state flower in 1904 in memory of President William McKinley, who always wore a red carnation in his lapel.


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    Kalmia latifolia

    Mountain Laurel

    Pennsylvania - A variety of blooming native flowers herald spring and summer in Penn's Woods. Chief among them is the evergreen Mountain laurel, Kalmia latifolia. Governor Gifford Pinchot decided the choice of the official State flower in the 1930s. The General Assembly had passed two bills each naming a different favorite shrub-(Mountain laurel and the Pink azalea). Governor Pinchot chose the former and signed the bill into law on May 5, 1933.


    Sort value: Pennsylvania

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    Viola palmata

    Trilobed Violet

    Rhode Island - The violet was voted as the state flower by school children and announced on Arbor Day in 1897. But it wasn't until March 11, 1968 that the flower was officially adopted as the state flower. Rhode Island was the last state to adopt an official state flower.


    Sort value: Rhode Island

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    Gelsemium sempervirens

    Yellow Jessamine

    South Carolina - The Yellow Jessamine was adopted by the General Assembly as the official State Flower on February 1, 1924. The Yellow Jessamine is indigenous to every part of the State. It is a climbing woody vine with evergreen leaves and blooms small, yellow, tubular, fragrant clusters.


    Sort value: South Carolina

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    Iris germanica

    Bearded Iris

    Tennessee - The iris, genus Iridaceae, is an herbacious perennial of which there are about 170 species, including several North American varieties, the most common of which is the Blue Flag. While there are several different colors among the iris, and the act naming the iris as the state flower did not name a particular color, by common acceptance the purple iris is considered the state flower.


    Sort value: Tennessee

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    Viola melissifolia


    Wisconsin - Wood Violet (Viola papilionacea) Adopted as Wisconsin's official state flower on Arbor Day 1909, the wood violet's gentle green leaves and purple petals sway in the breeze reflecting Wisconsin's scenic beauty.


    Sort value: Wisconsin

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    Malus domestica

    Orchard Apple

    Michigan - In 1897, the Apple Blossom (Pyrus coronaria) was designated the state flower. Sponsors noted it was “one of the most fragrant and beautiful flowered species of apple.” It is native to the state. (Source:

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    Trifolium pratense

    Red Clover

    Vermont - Effective February 1, 1895, the Red Clover became the official state flower of Vermont. Both an integral part of many a cultivated hay field and a common sight along numerous Vermont roadsides, the Red Clover is symbolic of Vermont's scenic countryside generally and of its dairy farms in particular. Oddly enough, however, Trifolium pratense is not a native of Vermont but was "naturalized" from Europe. (Source: