Spruce-Fir Forest Plant Community
Last updated about 4 years ago
Characteristic plants of the Southern Appalachian Spruce-Fir Forest community.
Distinguishing characteristics: Dominated by red spruce and/or Fraser fir
Occurrence: Restricted to elevations above 4500 ft in Southern Appalachians
Conservation aspects: Currently one of the rarest and most threatened communities in the Southern Appalachians. Threatened by invasive Balsam woolly adelgid (kills mature Fraser firs), air pollution and acid rain.
T. P. Spira: Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains & Piedmont, 1st edition, University of North Carolina Press, 2011.
Mount Mitchell State Park, North Carolina, elevation 6,684 ft