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Orchids of Latin America

Last updated 3 months ago

A comprehensive list of all SOC species orchids that were on display at the 2013 Orchids of Latin America exhibit.

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    Aerangis citrata

    An unscented orchid with an 'ultra' violet blotch in the center of the flower, possibly indicating a diurnal or crepuscularly active pollinator! (diurnal = active in the daytime; crepuscular = active at dawn and dusk)

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
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    Aerangis fastuosa

    The white flowers of this orchid are fragrant during the evening and at night and can last for up to three weeks!

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    Aërangis hyaloides

    One of the cutest miniature Aerangis species from Madagascar, it is deliciously fragrant.

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
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    Angraecum sesquipedale var. angustifolium

    The narrow leaved form of the famous 'Darwin's Orchid,' notable for its 12 inch long nectar spur which influenced Darwin to predict the existence of a moth with a 12 inch long proboscis on Madagascar!

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
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    Ansellia africana

    Tree Orchid

    An extremely variable species widespread throughout Sub-Saharan Africa. The cultivar 'Garden Party' is a yellow form of the typical spotted Ansellia africana.

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
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    Ascocentrum curvifolium

    This orchid is the largest species in the genus Ascocentrum with stems that can grow up to 20 inches high.

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    Aspasia principissa

    The lips of this orchid's flowers turn yellow as they age. *Latin American Orchid*

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    Bifrenaria harrisoniae

    Orchid

    A mid-sized lithophyte, this orchid grows in harsh conditions and has a distinctively hairy, magenta colored lip. *Latin American Orchid*

    References:
    www.orchidculture.com
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    Bletilla formosana

    White Rhizome Orchid

    This Taiwanese orchid is commonly found growing along roadsides

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    Bletilla striata

    Urn Orchid

    This Chinese orchid is completely winter hardy from zone 7 (here in DC) to zone 5 or 6, which could stretch as far north as southern New Hampshire! What are these zones, you may ask? These are plant hardiness zones as defined by the USDA, Each zone stretches across a certain part of the United States, and indicates a certain type of climate. These zones are often used by gardeners to determine where a plant will grow most effectively. To see the USDA hardiness zone map, and for more information, check out the link in the references!

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
    http://planthardiness.ars.usda.gov/PHZMWeb/
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    Bulbophyllum picturatum

    A striking species from Assam, Burma and Thailand with an umbel of flowers with rocking lips that aid in their pollination. (umbel = an inflorescence with several short flower stalks)

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
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    Bulbophyllum stelis

    This tiny flowered orchid is thought to be endemic to Sumatera because it has not been found anywhere else since it was described in 1927.

  • Bulbophyllum thiurum J.J.Verm. & P.O'Byrne

    A southeast asian species with long ribbony flowers.

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
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    Calanthe rosea

    This well known deciduous terrestrial orchid has been used for over 100 years as a cut flower.

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
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    Camaridium aurantiacum

    A pinstriped miniature orchid native to Costa Rica. *Latin American Orchid*

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    Cattleya amethystoglossa

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    Cattleya lueddemanniana

    Known for its exquisite flower shape, C. lueddemanniana has been used in crosses to improve the shape of many Cattleya hybrids. *Latin American Orchid*

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    Cattleya maxima

    There are two distinct types of this species, the "upland" and the "lowland." The "upland" Cattleya maxima is found in higher elevations of Ecuador and Peru and carries approximately 3-5 dark lavender flowers per stem. The "lowland" type is found near sea level in Southwestern Ecuador and can have upwards of 20 flowers on a single spike! *Latin American Orchid*

    References:
    www.orchidculture.com
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    Coelogyne cristata

    This orchid's common name is the 'Crested Coelogyne' because of the keels (or crests) that decorate its lip.

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    Coelogyne flaccida

    The flowers of this Coelogyne all open at the same time instead of successionally like many other orchids.

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    Coelogyne nitida

    From the Himalayas, these orchids give off sweet odors on warm days. They are from cool climates and fairly high elevations, growing amongst the moss and lichens with highly contrasting glistening white flowers.

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
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    Comparettia macroplectron

    An Andean genus related to the Oncidiums, this species has an unusual nectar spur thought to cater to long tongued Euglossine bees.

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
  • Cynorkis guttata

    This species' name means 'speckled' which aptly describes the stigmatic surface (upper portion of the labellum) of the flower.

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    Cynorkis lowiana

    This terrestrial species from Madagascar with potato like underground roots, retreats completely underground during the dry season.

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
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    Dendrobium alexandrae

    From lowland Papua New Guinea, the buds of these long lasting orchids are somewhat hirsute.

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
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    Dendrobium amethystoglossum

    A Himalayan species whose buds inflate before bursting open to reveal exotic flowers.

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
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    Dendrobium chrysotoxum

    Fried Egg Orchid

    Nicknamed the Golden Bow Orchid as well as the Fried Egg Orchid, both apt descriptions of the proliferous yellow flowers produced by this plant.

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    Dendrobium gracilicaule

    Leopard Orchid

    A graceful species from the seasonally dry forests of Northeastern Australia often found growing on rocks as well as trees.

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
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    Dendrobium lindleyi

    The delicate flowers of this orchid have a slight honey fragrance.

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    Dendrobium linguiforme

    The word linguiforme means 'tongue shaped,' referring to the shape of this orchids lip , or its leaves!

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    Dendrobium moschatum

    The leaves of this orchid turn purple during the dry season and last for two years before falling off.

  • Dendrobium nemorale

    A shade loving, forest dwelling species native to Luzon in the Philippine Islands.

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
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    Dendrobium nobile

    Our collection contains the virginale variety, which is the pure white form of this nobile Dendrobium. This deciduous orchid is popular in Asia and contains the alkaloid Nobiline, which is used in Chinese medicine.

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
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    Dendrobium secundum

    Toothbrush Orchid

    This orchid from Asia is nicknamed 'the toothbrush orchid.'

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    Dendrobium spectabile

    One of the craziest flowers in the family Orchidaceae, these blooms appear to be misshapen. They are also very long lasting.

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
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    Dendrobium unicum

    These orchids, with oddly shaped orange flowers, smell slightly of tangerines.

    References:
    www.orchidculture.com
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    Dendrochilum cobbianum

    A species with lovely spikes of tiny dangling flowers that, judging from their size and fetid fragrance, are likely fly pollinated.

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
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    Dendrochilum convallariiforme

    This Philippine genus contains many species, this being one of the most popular in cultivation. They tend to grow in association with certain species of ant ferns and it is thought that ants might carry seedpods of these orchids to their fern hosts where the environment is just right for the seeds to germinate.

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
  • Dendrochilum convallariiforme var. convallariiforme

    Another lovely dendrochilum from the Philippines with unique spiraling inflorescences.

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
  • Dendrochilum ecallosum

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    Dendrochilum pumilum

    This epiphytic orchid is native to Luzon, the largest of the Philippine Islands.

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    Dendrochilum wenzelii

    A cool to warm growing epiphyte from the Philippines with flowers arranged in long, slender inflorescences.

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    Encyclia hanburyi

    One of the few Encyclias that can grow terrestrially *Latin American Orchid*

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    Encyclia selligera

    This Encyclia has been observed growing as an epiphyte, a lithophyte, and a terrestrial orchid! *Latin American Orchid*

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    Epidendrum centropetalum

    Formerly Oerstedella centradenia, this species produces keikis readily, which can be detached and grown into new orchids. (keiki = Hawaiian word for baby; refers to a small immature plants produced asexually on the cane of the orchid) *Latin American Orchid*

    References:
    Annotation courtesy of Tom Mirenda
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    Epidendrum schlechterianum

    The flowers of this orchid are stalkless and often similar in color to the plant's leaves.

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    Epidendrum stamfordianum

    Epidendrum stamfordianum typically produces yellow flowers, but a pink flowered variety (var. roseum) is found in parts of Colombia. *Latin American Orchid*

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    Eulophia spectabilis

    Grass Orchid

    A terrestrial orchid with a spur-like nectary

  • Gongora charontis

    The genus Gongora is characterized by the bending stems of the flowers, which make the blooms hang upside down with the lip facing upwards. *Latin American Orchid*

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    Guarianthe aurantiaca

    Not your typical Cattleya, this orchid's small flowers are lacking fragrance and tend to stay partially closed in the wild. This is thought to occur in areas with higher temperatures, and flowers will often self-pollinate as a result. *Latin American Orchid*

    References:
    www.orchidculture.com