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Northern Hardwood Forest Plant Community

Last updated about 2 years ago

Characteristic plants of the Southern Appalachian Northern Hardwood Forest community.

Distinguishing characteristics: Dominated by mesophytic canopy trees, such as American beech, yellow birch, yellow buckeye, and sugar maple; similar to rich cove forest in species composition
Occurrence: Limited to higher elevations (over 4,000 ft) in the Southern Appalachians of western North Carolina, eastern Tennessee, southwestern Virginia, and northeastern Georgia
Conservation aspects: Usually occurs on land managed by the US Forest Service or National Park Service. Threatened by invasive species, disease, and air pollution.

References:
T. P. Spira: Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains & Piedmont, 1st edition, University of North Carolina Press, 2011.

Image location:
Grandfather Mountain, North Carolina, Profile Trail near Foscoe View, elevation 4,000-4,500 ft