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Biodiversity

Last updated about 1 month ago

Biodiversity is the variety of all living things, including plants, animals, microorganisms; their interrelationships; the genes they contain; and, the ecosystems they form. This collection highlights some of the diverse groups of organisms on Earth. Click on each page to learn more about each group.

Read an introductory article about biodiversity

  • 02714_88_88 Animalia > Chordata

    Aves

    Birds

    Aves is the latin name for the birds - feathered, winged, bipedal, warm-blooded, egg-laying, vertebrate animals with evolutionary origins among the reptiles.

    Aves are a class. (Kingdom: Animalia >>> Phylum: Chordata >>> Class: Aves)

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  • 24722_88_88 Animalia > Tetrapoda

    Mammalia

    Mammals

    The approximately 5000 species of mammals range in size from the 100 foot long (30m) blue whale to the 3/4 inch (30-40mm) long Old World hognosed bat.

    Mammals are a class. (Kingdom: Animalia >>> Phylum: Chordata >>> Class: Mammals)

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  • 12622_88_88 Animalia > Chordata

    Amphibia

    Amphibians

    Amphibians are vertebrates including animals such as frogs and toads, salamanders, and caecilians.

    Amphibians are a class. (Kingdom: Animalia >>> Phylum: Chordata >>> Class: Amphibians)

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  • 51508_88_88 Animalia > Arthropoda

    Insecta

    Insects

    Dominating the biological spectrum with nearly a million known species, members of Insects may represent as much as 90% of multicellular life on Earth.

    Insects are a class: (Kingdom: Animalia >>> Phylum: Arthropoda >>> Class: Insecta)

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  • 26424_88_88 Animalia

    Arthropods

    The majority of all animal species on the planet are arthropods, so it is no surprise that the Phylum Arthropoda includes a vast diversity of organisms. Insects, spiders, crustaceans, scorpions, millipedes, centipedes, ticks, and mites are all arthropods.

    Arthropods are a phylum. (Kingdom: Animalia >>> Phylum: Arthropoda)

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  • 22727_88_88 Animalia

    Chordata

    Chordates

    Chordates includes the well-known vertebrates (fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals).

    Chordates are a phylum. (Kingdom: Animalia >>> Phylum: Chordata)

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  • 53279_88_88 Plantae > Spermatophytina

    Angiospermae

    Flowering Plants

    Flowering plants, also known as Angiosperms, are the most diverse group of land plants, with an estimated 250,000 to 400,000 species. They comprise the dominant form of terrestrial vegetation.

    Angiosperms are a phylum. (Kingdom: Plants>>> Phylum: Angiospermae)

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  • 75236_88_88 Plantae

    Bryophyta

    Mosses

    Diversity of mosses has been classified in approximately 10,000 species. Mosses are a historically crucial group in the understanding of the transition to life on land.

    Bryophyta (Mosses) are a phylum. (Kingdom: Plants>>> Phylum: Bryophyta)

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  • 67227_88_88 Monera

    Cyanophycota

    Blue-green Bacteria

    Cyanobacteria have been found among the oldest fossils on earth and are one of the largest groups of bacteria.

    Cyanobacteria are a phylum. (Kingdom: Bacteria >>> Phylum: Cyanobacteria)

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  • 14331_88_88 Fungi

    Ascomycota

    Ascomycetes

    Ascomycota is the largest phylum within the kingdom Fungi, with around 65,000 described species.

    (Kingdom: Fungi >>> Phylum: Ascomycota)

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